Congratulations on the occasion of the SUN'S DAY (109th birthday day of the Great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung

According to the DPRK’s mass media, several people from a provincial pharmaceutical factory were rushed to the Hospital at Pyongyang University of Medical Sciences for terrible burns in June last year.
A large area of derma was required for their treatment.
Upon learning this fact, many people, ranging from medical workers to inpatients in the hospital gathered before an operation room, saying that they would donate their derma. Among them were girl nurses who had worked at the hospital only for a week after leaving school.
No extra bonus would be given to them in reward for their donation. And nobody forced them to do so.
After donation, they all said, “I felt glad to offer help.”
Such deeds are commonplace in the DPRK. It is its unique social climate to help and lead one another forward and devote oneself to the good of society and other people under the slogan, “One for all and all for one!”
Worthy of special note is the fact that the young people of this country regard it as the most honourable thing to work for the sake of society and the collective. Last year countless young volunteers worked for the construction of 10 000 flats in Pyongyang, which drew the attention of the international community. 
They were not end-users of the new houses under construction, but they would come to the construction site in the evening after work at their workplaces in daytime. They formed a youth shock brigade of volunteers and worked devotedly
till late at night. For them, every one of those who would live there, was a member
of their large socialist family and helping the construction of their houses was
helping their own kith and kin.
In this context, it would not be so difficult for those in other countries to understand the astounding reality of the country in which young people volunteer to work at the most difficult and challenging sectors true to the call of the Workers’ Party of Korea. According to a report, more than 10 000 young people volunteered to work at major construction sites and labour-consuming sectors including coal and other mines and farms in 2021 alone. In response to the call of Kim Jong Un, president of the State Affairs of the DPRK, to achieve a fresh progress in the socialist
construction, they made up their mind to devote themselves to the prosperity of the
country at other strange places away from their dear towns, workplaces and homes.

After glorifying the year 2021, the first year in implementing the five-year plan advanced by the Eighth Congress of the WPK, as a year of triumph to be etched in history, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea greeted the New Year 2022, filled with confidence in a fresh victory and optimism. Then, which direction will the country take?

State Development and Improvement of the People’s Living Standards

Analysts comment that in the New Year, the DPRK will direct its greater efforts to ensuring the state’s development and improving the people’s livelihood. What attracts attention is the conclusion General Secretary Kim Jong Un made at the Fourth Plenary Meeting of the Eighth WPK Central Committee last year.
Kim Jong Un said that the main task facing the WPK and the Korean people this year was to provide a sure guarantee for the implementation of the five-year plan and bring about a remarkable change in the state’s development and the people’s standard of living so as to record a noteworthy page in the history of the country. The economic sector, the main front of socialist construction, will focus an all-out effort on putting the country’s economy on the growth orbit and providing stabilized and improved living to the people by reenergizing production and pushing ahead with the readjustment and reinforcement.
To this end, Kim Jong Un put forward major tasks to be attained by the country this year.

Major Political Tasks

The conclusion advanced in detail the major political tasks for the sector of key industries to carry out this year.
According to it, the metallurgical industrial sector should technologically refine the Korean-style iron-producing method, produce iron and steel as scheduled by supplying fuel and raw materials in time and, at the same time, push ahead with
the expansion of capacity and modernization.
The chemical industrial sector should give full play to the newly-created fertilizer production capacity and boost the production of materials for light and pharmaceutical industries by reenergizing major chemical factories, while accelerating the projects for establishing a new structure of the chemical industry.
The power industrial sector should strive to raise the electric-power
production to a high level while satisfactorily meeting the immediate demand for
electric power. And it should reduce the loss of power in transmission, step up the
building of new power stations and increase the capacity of generating electricity
by diverse natural energy sources.
The coal industrial sector should give precedence to prospecting and continue
waging a high-speed tunnelling campaign to find more coalfields. And it should
increase coal production by introducing advanced mining methods and machines
and pay attention to helping the bituminous coal mines increase the production.
The railway transport sector should enhance the safety of the railways,
accelerate its modernization and establish the state’s unified system of controlling
the overall transport so as to develop the country’s transport work by stages.
The machine-building industrial sector should responsibly provide the
equipment needed for implementing the readjustment and reinforcement plans of
several economic sectors and units, and boost the production of vehicles, electric
machines and construction machines and improve their quality.
This year the DPRK will give a strong push to the effort to improve the
people’s living standards.
The conclusion advanced important tasks for making a radical progress in solving the food, clothing and housing problems for the people.
To this end, it stressed that the entire WPK and the whole country should concentrate efforts on farming and give manpower and material support to the rural communities, and the agricultural sector should increase grain production by doing all the farm work in a sci-tech way and positively use farming machines as the area to grow wheat and barley are to be expanded.
In the economic work, the capital construction sector should be prioritized and
a new revolution in construction should be made for fundamentally changing the
living environment of the people so as to continue to usher in the heyday of the
capital city construction including the building of 10 000 flats planned for 2022 and
open up an era when the local areas change.
The light industrial sector should set it as an important task to reenergize the
production of consumer goods and push ahead with it. And it should put the
foodstuff processing technology on a higher scientific basis.
This year, too, the country will continue to direct great efforts to education.
Saying that the supply of school uniforms and things to all the students across
the country at the state expense is a consistent policy of the WPK and the state, the
General Secretary set forth a task for supplying all the students with quality
uniforms and bags of new types without exception and took an important measure
of the WPK Central Committee for implementing it.
He stressed the need for the fishing industrial sector to conduct work for
catching more fish, do fish breeding and other kinds of aquiculture well and
increase marine resources in an effective way.
Also mentioned in the conclusion were tasks for the sectors of mining
industry, forestry, IT industry, land administration, city management, scientific
research, education, public health, the art and literature and other fields in giving
impetus to the comprehensive development of socialist construction.
The major political tasks advanced by the DPRK gives a glimpse of the
definite structure of development which the country aspires after now.

People were always deeply seated in the heart of Chairman Kim Jong Il of
the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,
who, regarding the people as his God, devoted all his life to them. Their demands
and interests were the criteria and starting-point of all his thinking and practice
and he made no compromise with regard to them. He considered their aspiration
and demand first when formulating a line or policy and regarded it as an iron rule
to resolve them.
Following is a story that proves it.
One very cold and windy day in March 2006 he visited the construction site of
the Samsu Power Station in a northern alpine area of the country.
While inquiring into the progress of its construction, he asked the officials
what measures they had taken concerning the dwelling houses of the residents in
the area to be submerged.
They replied that no measures had been taken yet as the project of the power
station was still under way.
He said with a serious expression on his face: I came not only to get a
firsthand knowledge of the progress of the dam construction of the Samsu Power
Station but also to inquire into the construction of the houses for the residents who
would be relocate from the area to be inundated; in the Samsu Power Station
project, importance should be given to two fronts, in other words, the construction
of the power station and new houses for the families to be relocated, with priority
given to the latter; we should build their houses before we complete the
construction of the power station and start producing electricity.
He learned that if the power station was brought to completion, nine ris would be submerged in water and that if the residents of 4 900 households, who lived there, were relocated, the number would be 15 000 people in total when each household was assumed to have three members. Now he told the officials to take immediate measures for solving the housing problem for them. Then he stressed that as the state was duty-bound to provide the people with houses in the DPRK, the Cabinet should take full responsibility for this work.
In this way over 150 villages were newly built in a short span of time and the local people were provided with houses which were better than their previous ones. When the relocated families moved to new houses, Kim Jong Il had a colour TV set, duvets, blankets, winter coats, various other kinds of clothes and daily necessities sent to each household.
There are many similar stories which show his affection for the people. It is not accidental that Pulikovski, former chief presidential delegate to the Far Eastern Federal District, Russia, wrote in his memoirs that he was convinced that all the activities of Chairman Kim Jong Il of the DPRK National Defence Commission were geared to attaining a single objective, that is, to bring happiness and prosperity to his people.
Every year the Korean people celebrate February 16, Kim Jong Il’s birthday,
as the greatest national holiday. This year is very significant for them as it is the
80th anniversary of his birth.

Mt Paektu is the native home of Chairman Kim Jong Il (1942-2011).
Called the ancestral mountain of the Korean nation and the sacred mountain of
the Korean revolution, it is the highest mountain in Korea, and had been
uninhabited from time immemorial because of the rugged terrain features and
rough weather. The “first residents” appeared in the primeval forests in the late
1930s, when Korea was under military occupation by Japan (1905-1945).
As the leadership base of the anti-Japanese armed struggle, which was being
waged fiercely in the vast Manchurian plain under the leadership of Kim Il Sung,
was to move to Mt Paektu, secret camps and the headquarters of the Korean
People’s Revolutionary Army were built in the Sobaeksu Valley.
In this nameless place, which was surrounded by high mountains and dense
forests and where the Sobaek Stream meanders, a log cabin with a roe-hoof door
handle, which was smaller than other log cabins, was set up.
In this small log cabin Chairman Kim Jong Il, who left indelible imprints in
the political history of the world, was born on February 16, 1942.
Born to the guerrillas, his life was extraordinary from the beginning; he grew
up wearing clothes permeated with powder smoke, eating army rations and hearing
the charge sound.
The first human reflected in his eyes was his mother in military uniform, and
he grew up among the guerrillas. His first playing ground was Mt Paektu.
Recollecting his uncommon birth and growth with deep emotion, President
Kim Il Sung wrote: That Kim Jong Il is a son of Mt Paektu means that he was born
of the anti-Japanese revolution as a son of the nation. He is a son of Korea who

started his life and rose as a lodestar of our revolution in the embrace of the anti-
Japanese revolutionary fighters.

In the days when a new democratic society was being built in the country,
where backwardness, poverty and colonial survivals were prevalent after its
liberation on August 15, 1945, in the days of the Korean war between 1950 and
1953, when he learned at the table of the Supreme Headquarters the mysterious
tactics of defeating the allied imperialist forces, and in the days when many

factories and beautiful streets were being built from the debris after the war under
the leadership of President Kim Il Sung, Kim Jong Il cherished a grand ambition to
lead Korea to the bright future by inheriting the cause of Kim Il Sung. The poem, O,
Korea, I Will Add Glory to Thee, which he wrote when entering Kim Il Sung
University in the early 1960s, depicts how great his ambition was.
The period of over half a century since June 1964, when he started working at
the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea after graduating from the
university, was the days when he implemented the ambition.
He developed the Juche idea, authored by Kim Il Sung, as the guiding
ideology of the Korean people and the era of independence, and applied it to all the
realms of his country, turning it into a country united single-heartedly, a powerful
socialist country. He ushered in a golden age of art and literature, called
Renaissance in the 20th Century by the world, and opened up a heyday of
construction by having numerous architectural structures built to the surprise of the
In the end of last century the DPRK had to experience unprecedented
economic hardships and trials owing to the harsh economic sanctions and blockade
the allied imperialist forces imposed upon it by taking advantage of the collapse of
several socialist countries and to the consecutive natural disasters.
During the period, which would have brought others to their knees more than
one hundred times, Chairman Kim Jong Il was always with people and soldiers. On
his field guidance tours he encouraged them, sharing weal and woe with them.
Thanks to his original Songun politics, the DPRK became a military giant,
equipped not only with the state-of-the-art means of attack and defence but also
war deterrent that no powerful enemy could belittle, defended its own style of
socialism and made a firm springboard for building a powerful socialist country by
reversing the tide.
Kim Jong Il worked heart and soul to remove the pain of national division.
Thanks to his will and decision, an inter-Korean summit meeting was held for
the first time in the history of national division in Pyongyang in 2000, and the June
15 North-South Joint Declaration, a milestone for national reunification, was

His external activities aspiring to independence, peace and friendship proved
their justice and vitality in practice.
Many countries established diplomatic relations with the DPRK, transcending
differences in ideology and social system. The DPRK contributed to encouraging
the international trend to aspire to independence, peace and friendship by
expanding and developing economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation with
many countries and strengthening solidarity with the progressive peoples, who
aspired after independence and justice.
The achievements of the great man, who contributed to the progress of
mankind and society, will be handed down to all generations to come.

The past ten years witnessed a boom in housing construction in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
Regarding housing construction as an important undertaking in providing the people with more civilized and stabler living conditions, the country channels great efforts into building dwelling houses in the capital and provinces.
Modern streets and residential districts were built one after another from 2012. They include Changjon Street in the central part of Pyongyang, Unha Scientists Street, apartment buildings for lecturers at Kim Il Sung University and Kim Chaek University of Technology, Wisong Scientists Residential District, Mirae Scientists Street and Ryomyong Street.
From then onwards, a modern street sprang up every year in Pyongyang.
Housing construction was undertaken on an unprecedented scale also in towns and rural communities in provinces. The renovation project of the city of Samjiyon in northern Korea which had been carried out in three stages was brought to completion in 2021, four years after its start. As a model of perfect harmony of
modern, national and alpine features, the city attracted the attention of the international community.
As a result of the construction of low-rise and multi-storeyed apartment houses for thousands of households and many excellent facilities, the mountainous town, 1 300 metres above sea level on average, was completely changed in the true sense of the word. Modern houses were built one after another in many other places
like Onjong-ri, Yangdok County in the middle part of the country and Sangso-ri, Poptong County in the eastern part. In the Jungphyong area in the northeastern part, hundreds of modern houses were built for the employees of a large-scale
greenhouse vegetable farm and a tree nursery.
Precedence was given to housing construction in building the Tanchon Power Station which is of great importance in the country’s power production. This clearly showed the considerate intention of the Workers’ Party of Korea and the government of the DPRK to prevent inconveniences in the life of the residents who would have to be relocated when important construction projects were undertaken.
Also worthy of note is the fact that prompt measures are taken for disaster victims.
In 2015, 2016, 2020 and 2021 many parts of the country were severely affected by flooding, heavy rains and typhoons, resulting in a number of factories, enterprises and farmland as well as houses being destroyed or inundated.
Many people around the world were concerned and pessimistic about the flood victims in the DPRK as it was suffering harsh difficulties and hardships owing to persisting blockade and sanctions by the forces hostile towards it.
However, the WPK and the government of the DPRK promptly rose to the occasion. With a view that the sufferings of the people were the biggest emergency and there was no more important work than the undertaking to relieve the people of their misfortune, they defined the construction of houses for the victims as the first priority in the rehabilitation project and mobilized all the human, material and
technical potentials of the country. Thus, nice streets and villages were built in a very short span of time and the flood victims were provided with new houses.
The people around the world were surprised to see the flood victims, who they thought must be in despair, moving to new houses. What is more surprising is the fact that the houses are built with state investment and given to them free of charge. The scale of the country’s housing construction is getting larger and larger with the passage of time.
In March 2021 the ground-breaking ceremony for the project to build 10 000 flats was held in Pyongyang in the presence of Kim Jong Un, president of the State Affairs of the DPRK. A big architectural group composed of 10 000 flats was formed in the Songsin and Songhwa districts and 800 luxurious houses in the Pothong riverside terraced houses district was near to completion. The Komdok area, the country’s leading non-ferrous minerals producer, is being renovated into an unprecedentedly large mountain gorge town; 25 000 new houses are planned to be built in the miners’ town by 2025, which marks the 80th founding anniversary of the WPK. This is not because the country has a surplus of funds in its coffer or it has good conditions; it is because the state regards it as the supreme principle of its activities to make everything serve the people and work for their wellbeing.
To be more specific, all this is thanks to the politics of love for the people, which is administered by Kim Jong Un who always pays close attention to providing a stabler and more civilized life to the people. What he said in his speech at the above-mentioned ground-breaking ceremony is quite impressive: The Party and the government, having made themselves aware of the number of families that were in need of new houses, conducted in-depth research to determine the measures for
solving the problem; they regarded this project as their most important task; and nothing is more worthwhile, honourable, or happier, for us than to dedicate our sweat and passion, without hesitation, to building an ideal street that will be a warm home for our people.

The appearances of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea are changing
beyond recognition.
Last year, North Phyongan and South Hwanghae provinces on the west coast of the
country obtained 13 000 hectares of land by finishing the reclamation of the
Honggondo tideland and two sections of the Ryongmaedo tideland, projects
unprecedented in the history of reclamation of tideland in the country. Ring roads run
along the banks, linking many islands and rural villages in the provinces, and crop
fields and offshore farms of standard shapes have been created.
The transformation of the city of Samjiyon in the northernmost part of the
country, which is called the first village at the foot of Mt Paektu, the ancestral
mountain of the country, is a good example.
The construction of the city was completed in four years, divided into three
Thousands of low- and high-rise apartment houses, a hospital, a hall of culture, a
schoolchildren’s palace, a gymnasium, hotels and other public and industrial
buildings and their signboards and illuminations go well with the natural and
topographical features of the alpine area; landscaping has been completed on a high
standard. The country calls it a model cultured mountain city, a standard regional
city, and is trying to build all the regional cities on its level.
A man engaged in tourism in Europe, after visiting the city, said: I have visited
many countries, whose economy and culture have developed, but I have never seen
such a nice mountain city as this; what is more surprising is that all these wonderful
houses and service facilities are for the ordinary people.
The Yangdok Hot Spring Resort is another example.
It has outstanding scenery and a number of hot springs, which are good for the
promotion of people’s health and their medical treatment. Built two years ago there is a comprehensive multi-functional medical treatment, sports and cultural complex of 1 660000m2 that blends well with the regional characteristics and natural surroundings. Indoor and outdoor spa baths, ski slopes, a riding park, hotels, medical treatment and sanatorium areas, sports and cultural facilities, public catering and welfare facilities, low- and high-rise apartment houses go well with one another and are applied with practicality and formative and artistic beauty. The resort is now evaluated as a “characteristic service base that has opened a new chapter of civilization” and a “resort of a high level that can represent spa culture of the DPRK.”
A ski resort was built in an area of 1 412 hectares on Masik Pass, which links the eastern and western middle areas of the Korean peninsula.
There are ten ski slopes, 1700m long on average and over 5000m at the longest.
Buildings for large-scale skiing contests and administration, such as
hotel and skiing and skating service and other buildings, have been built
in conformity with the mountain surroundings and their utility.
There are also a helipad, ski slope watch tower, cable ways of various
lengths, ranging from 600m to over 2 000m, and snow canon.
A few years ago, a large-sized greenhouse vegetable farm was built in the
Jungphyong area in the northeastern coastal region to provide the people there with fresh vegetables all the year round even in unfavourable weather conditions; the 320 blocks of greenhouses and tree nursery occupying an area of 200 hectares and hundreds of houses for their employees are regarded as models of their kinds to be built across the country.
In recent years several areas in the northern, eastern and western parts of the
country were hit by unprecedented flooding and typhoons; the disaster-stricken
areas were renovated beyond recognition.
Now, a project of building 50 000 flats in five years is in full swing in
Pyongyang, the capital city of the DPRK, and 25 000 flats for miners are being
built in the mountain valley of Komdok in an eastern part of the country.
Unimaginable separated from the leadership of Kim Jong Un, president of the
State Affairs, is the appearance of the DPRK, which is changing day by day; all the
structures built for the wellbeing of the people are associated with his deep
thinking, devotion and painstaking efforts. He aspires to the best thing possible,
saying: Every structure should be built with an eye to 50 years, nay, 100 years, so
that it can represent the present era.
His energetic leadership is bringing about the new appearance of his country to
the admiration of the international community.

The Fourth Plenary Meeting of the Eighth Central Committee of the Workers’
Party of Korea, held in the end of last year, discussed the agenda item of providing
all the students across the country with school uniforms and school things at state
Before that meeting, the Third Plenary Meeting of the Eighth Central
Committee of the WPK held in June discussed it as a major agenda item to improve
the Party’s childcare policy. The meeting adopted it as a Party policy to supply all
the children across the country with nourishing foods including dairy products at
state expense as their days in nursery and kindergarten are most important in their
growth and development.
The DPRK pays unsparing care to children so that they can grow up in a good
environment from their early days.
All the things including Pyongyang Children’s Department Store, the Okryu
Children’s Hospital, school bags, notebooks and school things tell the state’s love
for the future of the country.
The state investment for the rising generation totals an astronomical amount
every year. This is not because this country is rich in everything or has lots of
money. It still lacks in many things, and is experiencing difficulties; it is under the
sanctions and blockade, the harshest-ever of their kinds in history, and the
sufferings from the global health crisis and natural disasters are not minimal.
However, irrespective of whether the conditions are favourable or not, it
regards the work for the rising generation as the most important of its affairs.
The more difficult the situation is, the greater care the state pays to the
children, and by dint of this strength, the country advances toward the communist
future; this is the mode of advance and development unique to this country.
All these are inconceivable separated from the affection for the rising
generations cherished by Kim Jong Un, president of the State Affairs.
He views that the loss of the state incurred for the benefit of the rising
generations is nothing and the more the state invests for them, the brighter the
future of the country is.

At the Fourth Plenary Meeting of the Eighth Central Committee of the WPK
Kim Jong Un, saying that it is a consistent policy of the Party and the state to
provide all the students across the country with school uniforms and school things
at state expense, put forward the tasks for supplying all of them with uniforms and
bags of new types and high quality, and took important Party Central Committee
measures for its implementation.
It is obvious that the Korean society will become more and more vibrant and
vigorous and its national strength will be far more enormous after 20 or 30 years as
the country is now making devoted efforts for the rising generation.

Rearing healthy and sound children is an issue that has a bearing on the prospect
and future of all countries.
Especially, the period of nursery and kindergarten covers the most important part of human development, and thus it is highly important to pay attention to nutrition and health management of those in this age group. November 20 is Children’s Health Day. On the occasion of the day, childcare in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is introduced here.
The DPRK has established a socialist system of nursing and upbringing of children, in which all the pre-school children are enrolled and reared in nurseries and kindergartens at state and social expense. This system is legally guaranteed by law.
The Law of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea on the Nursing and Upbringing of Children was adopted in April 1976 and amended and supplemented
in March 1999. Comprised of sixty articles in six chapters, the law comprehensively stipulates numerous benefits for children, including construction of nurseries and kindergartens, supply of grains and other foodstuffs, clothes, footwear and other daily necessities, special protection of mothers with children, nutritional and medical service for children, treatment of nursery and kindergarten teachers, organization and operation of nurseries, kindergartens, baby homes and orphanages, and guidance, management and supply systems for them, etc.
Every city and county has a foodstuff supply station which is in charge of the provision for the local nurseries and kindergartens with such nutritional foods as milk, meat, eggs, fruits, vegetables and confectionery.
In recent years baby homes and orphanages in the capital city and the seats of provinces have been renovated, and the orphans across the country are provided with quality nutritional foods on a special and preferential basis.
Worthy of special note is that the Third Plenary Meeting of the Eighth Central Committee of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea held in June this year established it as the Party’s childcare policy to supply all the children across the country with nutritional foods including dairy products at state expense.

It is an inherent part of wishes of parents to feed and dress their children well and take pride in them in front of the others. A Korean saying goes that it takes fifty thousand man-days to raise a child, implying how demanding and challenging it is. Worse still, it is by no means easy for the country to adopt such a resolution in the light of the fact that the country is experiencing quite a hard time due to the prolonged sanctions by the hostile forces coupled by the global health crisis.
It is a courageous decision that can be made only by General Secretary Kim Jong Un of the WPK, who regards it as a source of happiness, not a challenge, to spare nothing for the children across the country, saying that it is a blessing for the WPK to be in charge of raising millions of them. Also, it is a moving story unique to the WPK that cherishes as an ennobling ideal the spirit of making selfless, devoted efforts for the good of the people. Thanks to the benevolent care of the head of state and ruling party, the DPRK is well advanced in its pursuit of good health of the children. One of the examples is the activities of the Korean Association for Supporting the Children founded in 2013 with a mission to assist the government in this regard.
The association trains the professionals in the fields of children’s healthcare, nourishment, intellectual development and day care, and plays the role of a communications office and a channel of assistance for children. Outreach programs
are briskly underway and hygienic information work is being energetically undertaken among the local people so as to lower the children’s morbidity rate and
rate of missing in inoculation. Its production bases make a variety of traditional medicines including anti-virus liquid medicine made from burdock, contributing to
the treatment of pediatric diseases. It is also engaged in the major evaluation of medical supplies and appliances needed for the children’s healthcare at the nurseries, kindergartens and pediatric hospitals designated as targets of assistance
and reinforcing the trial production processes of nutritional foods for the children.
It also hosts photo exhibitions and forums on child healthcare on the occasion of
the International Children’s Day, World Health Day and Children’s Health Day,
fostering the climate of social support for the children.

November 16 is Mother’s Day in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Choe Yong Ae is the headmistress of Toksong Primary School in the city of Phyongsong, South Phyongan Province, in a western region of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Even though she has a lot of things to do in her family, she has devoted herself to training not only her children but also the students of her school as pillars of the country. The history of her school tells her exploits–first place in a national quiz contest for primary school students and a city computer competition, hundreds of students enrolled at schools of higher education of the national and provincial level including Pyongyang Middle School No 1, gold medals in the events of rhythmic gymnastics and swimming at the National Juvenile Sports Games …
In high appreciation of her exploits, the Party and the government invited her to national conferences including the Seventh Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea and National Conference of Educational Workers and conferred on her the title of People’s Teacher.
She also brought up her daughters so that they would repay the warm care shown by the socialist system, which taught them to respect their seniors and love their comrades and brought their hopes into bloom. The two daughters, after graduating from university,
are working in a power organ and the educational sector, respectively.
In celebration of Mother’s Day, her daughters and students extended warm
congratulations to her.
“Happy Mother’s Day!”

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea exerts great efforts in further developing
the universal free medical care system, regarding public health service as an image of its socialist system and a major symbol which demonstrates the tangible benefits of the system enjoyed by its people.
This is inconceivable separated from the devoted and tireless efforts made by
Kim Jong Un, President of the State Affairs, who prioritizes the protection of the people’s lives and their health promotion over anything else.
Since he began to lead the country and people, he paid close attention to public health. In summer 2012 he visited the construction site of the Breast Tumour Institute of the Pyongyang Maternity Hospital. Despite sultry weather, he looked around it in detail and said: It is pointless to build a fancy building if the patients fail to get proper treatment; what counts more than the construction is to appoint competent doctors and researchers with rich clinical experience in mastopathy and breast cancer and to equip the institute with state-of-the-art facilities. Thanks to the meticulous care of the state leader, the institute was built on the Taedong riverside in the capital city of Pyongyang as a centre of medical service and scientific research that specializes in the prevention and treatment of mammary gland diseases including mastopathy and breast cancer and is equipped with modern medical equipment for galactography, ablation of mammary gland tissues, and even for multifunctional X-ray, CT, ultrasonographic and, electrocardiographic examinations, which can be seen only in some developed countries.
The Ryugyong Dental Hospital, inaugurated in October 2013, also tells a moving
story of Kim Jong Un’s devotion. In March the following year he visited the hospital and looked around the examination room and several treatment rooms, giving detailed guidance over the management and operation of the hospital. He felt very pleased, saying that a great number of people visiting the hospital meant that the medical service was briskly underway, and that the new hospital proved
its worth. Then he continued: Construction of the hospital was not aimed at giving publicity to the fact that we were building a world-class dental hospital, but at ensuring that the people can enjoy all the benefits of socialism in good health; the hospital should not become a site for visit but a site of devoted service for the people through effective treatment.

 The Okryu Children’s Hospital, which was named by Kim Jong Un, also embodies his scrupulous care.
It is a characteristic hospital that combines healthcare service and education. It is
equipped with all the facilities for the treatment and health promotion of children of different ages–treatment rooms of different purposes, surgical procedure rooms,
operating theatres, in-patient rooms and even a helipad. The artworks inside, which cater to the juvenile psychology, are associated with Kim Jong Un’s considerate measure to relieve the children of pain while under treatment. The classrooms here give the young in-patients lessons, which are missing.
In 2016 the Ryugyong General Ophthalmic Hospital opened to the public in the
hospital village on the Taedong riverside of Pyongyang.
With a site area of over 5 950 sq m and a total floor space of 11 800 sq m, the hospital is made up of a four-storeyed out-patient ward and an eight-storeyed in-patient ward. It is a multi-functional and comprehensive medical care facility with a shop that calibrates and manufactures various kinds of spectacles.
It has more than ten out-patient treatment rooms, 13 optometry rooms, 5 operating theatres, 27 in-patient rooms and up-to-date equipment for excimer laser treatment, vitrectomy, laser-scanning tomography, cornal endothelial examination and so on.
Kim Jong Un, who proposed its construction and designated its site, gave his opinions on its design several times and paid close attention to its construction, personally visiting the construction site.
During his on-site guidance, he said: The rumour must have spread that a general
ophthalmic hospital is under construction here; the people prefer the construction of hospitals to the construction of theatres; many more hospitals should be built so that the people can enjoy the substantial benefits of the socialist public health system.
When he visited the completed hospital, he expressed his satisfaction, saying that it
was really what he had wanted to do for the people.
Such stories are not confined to the hospitals in the capital city.
In October 2020, the Samjiyon City People’s Hospital in Ryanggang Province in the
northernmost part of the country was newly built into a model of the regional hospitals.
While looking around the construction sites in Samjiyon, Kim Jong Un acquainted
himself with the conditions of the hospital’s staff and saw to it that the green area was increased, trees of fine species were planted around the hospital and resting areas were laid out properly for the patients.
Samjiyon is a city in the mountainous area, 1 300 metres above sea level. But the local People’s Hospital is very modern and has specialist departments such as emergency, internal, surgical, pediatric, obstetrical and gynecological ones and a dental branch hospital which are well-appointed with state-of-the-art equipment and appliances.
Multifunctional telemedicine system is established and the healthcare service is put on a high level of IT basis. It also has well-furnished in-patient rooms, physical exercise room, rehabilitation room, children’s playing area and indoor park.
Kim Jong Un paid close attention to strengthening the material and technical
foundations of the public health sector, too.
In 2019 while on a visit to the Myohyangsan Medical Appliances Factory, he said that in order for people to enjoy sufficient and modern healthcare service, it was necessary to radically improve the material and technical foundations of the public health sector, and took highly significant measures aimed at renovating the factory into a model and iconic factory that would play the vanguard role in the medical appliances industry. When he visited the renovated factory, he highly praised it for having developed into a cutting-edge one capable of mass-producing modern operating tables, delivery beds, examination tables, hospital trolleys, universal chairs for ENT treatment, multifunctional dentist’s chairs and other quality medical appliances. Under his wise leadership, over the past ten years medical oxygen factories in the capital city and provinces, the Pyongyang Dental Hygiene Goods Factory and Huic hon Hospital Beds Factory have been built in a modern style, further consolidating the material and technical foundations of the public health sector. In October last year a grand military parade was held in Kim Il Sung Square in Pyongyang to celebrate the 75th founding anniversary of the WPK. In his speech
Kim Jong Un warmly thanked the people across the country for being healthy and free from illness, without a single person having fallen victim to the malignant virus.

Phungsan is the national dog of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The dog is very clever. In ordinary days it is docile and obedient to its master, but it is very fierce when faced with enemies. Usually dogs bite their enemy’s neck and other parts, but Phungsan makes a frontal attack and bites the enemy’s throat.
It is also easy to be kept. It is highly resistant to cold and viable; it is especially resistant to diseases; as it is omnivorous and grows well even in harsh conditions, it can be raised in any places.
From olden times many interesting stories have been told about this animal.
In the days of Koryo (918-1392) it was told that a dog saved its drunken master’s life from a forest fire before being killed, a dog in a northeastern area took care of a blind orphan by always guiding him and a dog saved a drowning man’s life before being drowned itself in a midwestern area, so people built monuments to the faithful and virtuous dogs. Today the Korean people protect and propagate the dog by preserving its foundation stock and sustaining its excellent characters.
Many families keep the dog, exchanging their experiences with one another.
In the National Dog Show-2019 which was held in the Central Zoo in Pyongyang in November 2019, before the outbreak of global health crisis, Yuwol, raised by a couple, named Hong Yong Il and Ri Hyang Rim, living in a suburb of Pyongyang, won the first place. The wife, Ri Hyang Rim, said that if the other’s goats were seen among hers when she was driving them into their shed, the dog would snarl, and it does not follow the people other than her family members even though they give it
something to eat or tempt it with other things; it strictly guards everything in her
house and lets no one put their hands on them.
Once when the husband, Hong Yong Il, was playing ssirum, a Korean type of wrestling, it was sitting silently nearby, but when Hong was thrown off and was under the opponent’s body, the dog caught the opponent by his clothes, snarling,
making spectators surprised.

The people call this couple “walking dictionaries of the national dog” as they are
well-versed in keeping Phungsan. After the show was over, the people vied with one another for Yuwol’s puppies. Phungsan is registered as a natural living monument of the state and Kwangdok-ri, Kim Hyong Gwon County, Ryanggang Province, as the dog reserve.

How come is the Workers’ Party of Korea advancing victoriously enjoying the absolute support and trust of the Korean people?

The answer could be found in the idea of party building of Kim Jong Un, general secretary of the WPK.

Spirit of Making Selfless, Devoted Efforts for the People In August last year extensive flooding hit Taechong-ri, Unpha County, North Hwanghae Province in the western region of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, demolishing many houses. It was Kim Jong Un, who was the first to visit the flood-stricken area; on receiving the report, he went there, personally driving his car. While taking detailed measures on the spot for rehabilitating the village, he asked the local people whether they liked a house for one family or two families. When they said they preferred a house for one family, he saw to it that such houses were built as the farmers wanted. The leader of the state and the ruling party accepted the request of the farmers as an absolute one.

It was not just in Taechong-ri alone. When several places were stricken by flood simultaneously, he immediately convened important meetings of the WPK to discuss the measures for stabilizing the life of the victims.

And when he was visiting the east coastal areas hit by tsunami, he sent an open letter to the WPK members in the capital city to turn out in the rehabilitation of the damaged areas.

While seeing the new houses built better than the former ones on his way of on-the-spot guidance at the flood-stricken areas, he looked round them in detail and asked whether the people liked the houses, saying that the houses should first be convenient for living by the people and inquiring into the layout of the rooms, the height of the ceilings and the kitchen utensils.

It was indeed a vivid scene showing that it is the principle of activities of the WPK and the mode of its existence to solve all the problems raised in the living of the people, take responsible care of their destiny and make selfless, devoted efforts for them.

It is no wonder that the Korean people support the WPK, calling it motherly party.

Building a “Servant Party” for the People Mothers call themselves servants for their children before being seniors to them. They satisfy the requests, whatever they are, if their children make them, but do not claim any reward.

Kim Jong Un’s idea of the Party building is that the WPK should be built into a “servant party” for the people, which does not mind to do anything if it is for the sake of the people in order to live up to the great trust of the people who call it motherly Party.

When the flood victims in Taechong-ri were staying in the office building of the county Party committee until new houses were built for them, the county Party committee officials worked in tents, and looked after the life of the victims. It was not because there were no other buildings in which the victims could stay nor other people who could take care of their life.

It was because the main principle of the WPK is to show concern first for the people, who have suffered misfortune, and take warm care of their life. Kim Jong Un does his utmost to satisfy the people’s demands and defend their interests.

Even though the country is experiencing difficulties, he saw to it that modern bases for cultural and leisure activities, including a ski resort, a water park and hot spring resort, and specialist hospitals furnished with up-to-date facilities were built so that the people could enjoy the benefits of modern civilization and free medical care.

Now in various places of the DPRK large-scale construction is under way to build 50 000 flats in the capital city and 25 000 houses in a leading nonferrous metals mining area in five years from this year.

Worthy of note is that these projects are being conducted under unfavourable conditions–the continuing global health crisis and the persistent sanctions by the hostile forces. However, the will of the WPK to implement these projects without fail for the people is invariable.

It is quite natural that the WPK is advancing victoriously enjoying absolute support of the people whatever the adversity.

In the middle of the 1920s, the imperialists’ colonial enslavement policy toward other countries and nations was at its height.

Almost all the countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America were reduced to their colonies.

The Korean people were suffering under the colonial yoke as their country was occupied militarily by Japan (1905-1945).

The Japanese imperialists, while rearranging their colonial ruling machinery in order to stamp out the anti-Japanese struggle of the Korean people, enacted and enforced various evil laws such as the Maintenance of Public Order Act. Meanwhile, the Korean communist movement and national liberation struggle were experiencing complicated difficulties.

At this time, Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) embarked on the road of revolutionary struggle to save his country and fellow people. It was 1926.

The innocent psychology of young Kim Il Sung, who had just been awakened to social consciousness, encountered agony and anguish.

In those days the nationalist movement was existing, and a socialist movement was on the rise.

After making an analysis of these two social movements, he came to a conclusion that national liberation could never be achieved by fighting without any correct political slogans and without relying on the strength of the masses.

He believed that in order for the Korean revolution to be developed in a fresh way, it should be carried out independently through the efforts of all the people of the country.

Noteworthy is that Kim Il Sung had struck others with wonder by dint of his extraordinary personality and intelligent insight into social phenomena from his early age.

A man who was teaching at Fusong Primary School No. 1 recollected, “As the days went by, we felt Kim Song Ju (Kim Il Sung’s childhood name) was not an ordinary person though he was young.

“At that time, he was not only a pupil with intelligence and integrity but also a political activist with a high ambition and political view.

“To be frank, he was better than us teachers in understanding and analyzing things.”

In order to realize his long-conceived plan for forming a militant and revolutionary organization, he convened a preparatory meeting at Hwasong Uisuk School in Huadian, northeast China.

Young revolutionaries sharing the same will as his attended the meeting.

At the meeting he clarified the necessity of the revolutionary organization and its mission, name and character, fighting programme and the regulations of its activity.

All the participants unanimously supported his proposal.

On October 17, 1926, a week later, he founded the Down-with-Imperialism Union (DIU).

As its name implies, it was an organization for overthrowing imperialism in general.

The immediate task of the DIU was to defeat Japanese imperialism and achieve the liberation and independence of Korea, and its final objective was to build socialism and communism in Korea and, further, destroy all imperialism and build communism throughout the world.

A Short History of Korean Revolutionary Movement Overseas, a book published in Seoul after Korea’s liberation, reads: “Expectations of Kim Il Sung were high and the activities of these organizations were brisk.

“The support of the public for Kim Il Sung, a man of passion and justice, was great.

“It was more than support… Kim Il Sung, a boy revolutionary, enjoyed the undivided love from the people as their beloved son or younger brother, and he made a pledge to serve them in good faith.

“He always breathed the same air with the people and his comrades, too, found themselves among the people. “Firmly based on the masses, he struggled to remove various existing social maladies so as to awaken them and enhance their awareness and took measures to gradually reform various fields of society.

“He focused on the elimination of remnants of persistent feudalism, resolution of dispute between native landlords and Korean tenants, development of peasants’ knowledge and movements of youth and women and recorded a remarkable success in this effort.”

The Korean revolution which dawned with the formation of the DIU started to develop in full steam under the leadership of Kim Il Sung.

Kim Il Sung liberated Korea and built a people’s country through a 20-year-long anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle and consolidated the country into a people-centred socialist state by leading his people to win one victory after another in its decades-long confrontation with imperialist allied forces including the Korean war (1950-1953).

The history of the Korean revolution can be said to be the one in which the fighting programme of the DIU was realized. The significance of the DIU in the Korean revolution is profound, indeed.

This year is a meaningful year which marks the 95th anniversary of the formation of the DIU.

We have recently observed the 5th anniversary of the publication of the Ten-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country and soon will greet the 50th anniversary of the historic Joint Conference of Representatives of Political Parties and Public Organizations in North and South Korea. The north-south joint conference, which was proposed by the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung and held under his guidance in Pyongyang in April Juche 37 (1948), was a historic national event to secure the destiny of the country and nation, by realizing the great unity of the entire nation under the banner of reunification and patriotism. At that time there was the danger that the division of the nation would be perpetuated because of the machinations of the US imperialists and their stooges who were trying to hold a "separate election" and establish a "separate government" in south Korea. The great Comrade Kim Il Sung convened the north-south joint conference, succeeded in uniting different political parties and groups as well as the patriotic forces of different sections of the population in the north and the south, rendering remarkable services to the noble cause of realizing the sovereignty, independence and reunification of the country.
In the extremely complex political situation in the years immediately after liberation, the representatives of nearly all the political parties and public organizations and even die-hard anti-communist nationalists in south Korea with the exception of a
handful of traitors to the nation participated in the broad national conference. They reached a unanimous agreement and launched a nationwide patriotic struggle. This was a brilliant fruition of the great leader's policy of independent national reunification and of his idea of great national unity as well as the first historic victory of the patriotic forces of reunification. The April north-south joint
conference clearly showed that communists, nationalists and various other political forces and different sections of the population could get united in the struggle for the common cause of the nation, regardless of difference in ideology, ideals, political views and religious beliefs. It also demonstrated that the independent and
peaceful reunification of the country could be realized through north-south harmony and the unity of the entire nation. The north-south joint conference became a reality thanks to the great leader's painstaking efforts and his guidance. It will continue to be remembered for ever as a patriotic conference that demonstrated the great unity of our nation. On the occasion of its 50th anniversary, the conference and all its achievements shall inspire all the Koreans in the north, south and abroad to work harder for national unity and reunification with enthusiasm, confidence and courage. The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung clarified the question of nation in a fresh light on the basis of the Juche idea in his early years, advanced the original idea of great national unity and brilliantly applying it throughout the history of the struggle for national liberation, the building of a new state and the reunification of the country, set a noble example of great national unity. 
The great leader's idea of great national unity encourages all classes of society to unite solidly to safeguard and realize national independence by placing the common desire and interests of the nation above everything else regardless of difference in ideology and ideals, political views and religious beliefs, property status and social positions.
The Juche idea scientifically elucidated for the first time the law of the development of the nation and the basis of national unity. The country and nation are the home of people as well as the basic unit for the people to shape their destiny. Since the people live and shape their destiny within the unit of the nation-state, the destiny of the members of the nation is inseparably linked with the destiny of the nation, and the basic question in shaping the nation's destiny boils down to safeguarding and realizing national independence. Nobody can live separately from his country and nation, and no class and no section of the nation can shape its destiny properly unless the independence of the nation is ensured. A nation has its traits that
have been shaped and consolidated historically as well as its common desire and interests that transcend the difference of classes and strata. The national traits and common interests constitute the basis of national unity on which to bind different classes and strata of the nation in a broad spectrum. The great leader's idea of great
national unity is a thorough idea of national independence, a noble idea of patriotism and an idea of a broadest national unity—an application of the Juche idea to the question of the nation.
The question of national unity is all the more urgent in view of the unique traits of our nation and characteristics of the historical development of our country. Our nation, as a homogeneous one with time-honoured history and culture, is highly patriotic and strong in esprit de corps. One time in the past, however, our nation
suffered the misfortune of losing its sovereignty because of the struggle for power among the corrupt and incompetent feudal rulers and as a result of their sycophant, traitorous acts. In subsequent years, too, the nationalist movement and the early communist movement failed because of factional strife and sycophancy. The great leader's idea of great national unity is an outstanding idea that shows the
absolutely correct way of preserving and highly displaying the excellence of our national traits, putting an end to the shameful history of national suffering and achieving the sovereignty and independence of the country and national prosperity.
The Juche-orientated idea of great national unity elucidated by the respected Comrade Kim Il Sung, the author of the great Juche idea, ardent patriot, and man of broad calibre and magnanimity, provided our nation with a powerful ideological and spiritual weapon for achieving the great unity of the entire nation and for independently shaping the destiny of the country and nation. The Juche-orientated
idea of great national unity is an original idea that raised the question of nation and the question of national unity in a fresh light and comprehensively and profoundly clarified them by reflecting the main trend of our times when all the oppressed nations and the peoples of all countries have achieved liberation and independence
or are heading for independence. It is a great idea that has provided the world people with a correct guideline. It is the banner of struggle for victory in the cause of anti-imperialist independence. The respected leader's elucidation of the Juche-orientated theory of nation and the idea of the great unity of the entire nation, which gave a new scientific clarification to the question of the nation and the
question of national unity, constitutes one of his great ideological and theoretical achievements and a pre-eminent contribution to global independence and to humanity's cause of independence. The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung not only advanced the idea of great national unity based on the Juche idea, but also worked
with great pains all his life for the unity of our nation. During the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle the great leader united all the patriotic forces from all walks of life under the banner of resistance against Japan and led the anti-Japanese national liberation struggle to victory. The Association for the Restoration of the Fatherland organized in this period was the anti-Japanese national united front
which embraced the broad patriotic forces—communists, nationalists, workers, peasants, intellectuals, youths, students and even conscientious religious men and capitalists; this organization struck root deep in vast areas at home and abroad. In the course of the just struggle of all the anti-Japanese patriotic forces for national
liberation under the guidance of the great leader, valuable experience was gained in achieving national unity and fine traditions were established in this work.
After liberation the great leader raised the slogan, "The entire nation must unite, those with strength contribute strength, those with knowledge devote knowledge and those with money offer money to the building of a new country" and encouraged the people from all strata of society who love the country and nation to come out as one for the building of a democratic, independent and sovereign state.
Owing to territorial and national division, the great unity of the entire nation became the most serious and urgent question vital to the destiny of the country and nation. From the first days of national division the great leader wisely guided the struggle to achieve great national unity under the banner of national reunification and thus developed the national reunification movement into a nationwide movement. He opened the way to dialogues and negotiations
between the north and south, which had been tightly closed to each other and advanced the three principles of national reunification—independence, peaceful reunification and a great national unity—laying a solid foundation for national unity and national reunification. He guided the different sections of our compatriots in the north, south and abroad along the patriotic road to national unity and national reunification. The Ten-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation
for the Reunification of the Country written by the great leader in the last days of his life is the summary of his idea of great national unity and his practical experience as well as an immortal document for great national unity. This programme elucidates the fundamental principles and the ideological basis to be maintained in achieving the great unity of the nation and the specific tasks and ways of implementing them.
The idea of great national unity, the ten-point programme of the great unity of the whole nation advanced by the great leader, the valuable experience he gained in his work for national unity and the brilliant results of his distinguished services are the eternal wealth of our country and nation and the solid foundation for great national
unity and national reunification. Achieving great national unity and reunifying the country in our generation by defending and faithfully inheriting the great idea of national unity, brilliant achievements, valuable experience and traditions left by the great leader is our unshakable determination and will.
True to the great leader's idea of great national unity and his ten-point programme of the great unity of the whole nation, we must work for the great unity of all the Koreans in the north, south and abroad and achieve the independent, peaceful reunification of the country by the united efforts of the nation.
Our nation is the motive force of national reunification, which means reconnecting the severed blood ties between the north and the south and realizing national unity. Without reconciliation between north and south and great national unity, the independent, peaceful reunification of the country would be inconceivable. The great unity of the entire nation means national reunification. Today, the great unity of our nation and national reunification have become a more urgent question than before. In view of the situation at home and abroad, the fundamental interests of our nation and the trend of the times, it is the right time for us to save the destiny of the country and nation through the great unity of the entire nation and demonstrate the dignity and honour of a reunified country and one nation.
Putting an end to the tragedy of territorial division and national split that has lasted over half a century and achieving national unity  and the country's reunification are the vital demands and the supreme task of the nation that must not be delayed any longer. The longer the division remained, the greater the misfortunes and
sufferings of our nation would be, and the greater the risks of the nation becoming heterogeneous. Further distrust and confrontation between the north and the south might invite national calamity. The foreign forces, which do not like Korea's reunification, are now fanning confrontation between the north and the south in an attempt to fish in troubled waters; the imperialists are intensifying their plot
of dominating the world under the pretext of "globalization". If our country remained in confrontation, divided into north and south, in such a complex and threatening situation as today, our nation would be unable to free itself from foreign domination and subjugation, playing into the hands of foreign forces, and might be reduced to colonial slavery. Nobody with a Korean soul can shut his eyes to national unity and national reunification. Trying to delay the solution to the reunification problem, shutting his eyes to it, amounts to an attempt to perpetuate division. Our nation must overcome all difficulties and obstacles standing in the way of national reunification, achieve the great unity of the nation as soon as possible, and reunify the country. We are sure that the country can be reunified.
It is not two different nations that stand in confrontation in the north and south of Korea, but it is one nation on the same land that is divided artificially by foreign forces. The Korean nation is a homogeneous nation that has inherited the same blood and lived in same territory speaking the same language for thousands of years. All the Koreans in the north, south and abroad belong to the same nation with the blood and soul of the Korean nation and are linked inseparably with the same national interests and the common national psychology and sentiments. No force can ever split into two forever the single Korean nation that has been formed and developed through a long history, nor can it obliterate our nation and our national traits.
The present division of our nation into north and south is a temporary misfortune and a tragedy in the context of 5,000 years of its history. The reunion of our nation that has been divided by foreign forces is an inevitable trend of our nation's history and the law of national development.
In the past, the Japanese imperialists resorted to every conceivable scheme to annihilate our nation, occupying our country and enforcing the most heinous colonial rule. However, the Korean revolutionaries and patriots launched a bloody struggle to save the country and the nation, and finally destroyed Japanese imperialism and liberated their country. After the defeat of Japanese imperialism, the US imperialists occupied south Korea, lording it over there, trampling
upon our national sovereignty, and trying tenaciously to keep our nation divided forever. But the spirit of the nation remains alive among the south Korean people. Broad sections of the people in south Korea particularly the young people and students continue to fight bravely against the domination of foreign forces and the
treachery of the south Korean rulers. This is a manifestation of the national indignation of south Korean brothers who resist tyranny and humiliation and of the unbreakable spirit of our nation. The national trend towards reunification is mounting higher with each passing day. It would be impossible to break or check our nation's will and desire to reunify the country through the unity of the entire nation. We must redouble our efforts to achieve the great unity of the entire nation and the independent and peaceful reunification of the country, full of confidence and optimism. Great national unity must be based thoroughly on the principle of
national independence. National independence is the lifeblood of a nation; safeguarding independence is a fundamental guarantee for a nation's existence and
development. Only when we adhere to the principle of national independence can we defend the national rights and interests, shape the nation's destiny independently in keeping with the will and demand of our nation, and fully exercise our sovereignty on the international arena and develop the relations with foreign countries on the principles of complete equality and mutual benefit. National
independence is the source of national dignity and honour, pride and self-confidence, as well as the indomitable will and spirit of the nation. If a nation loses its independence and fails to get rid of domination and subjugation by foreign forces, it will be unable to avoid humiliation and insult and being a ruined nation with its rights and interests, its traits and dignity downtrodden.
The principle of national independence is the key to the question of nation and the very basis of the great unity of the entire nation. It requires that the nation should fight in unity against domination and subjugation by foreign forces and for its independence. Our struggle for the great unity of the entire nation is precisely a struggle to achieve our national sovereignty across the whole country, a struggle to
accomplish the cause of national reunification by our own national force, and ensure the independent development of the reunified country and the common prosperity of the nation. Both great national unity and national reunification are aimed at preserving the independence of the country and the nation.
The principle of national independence is a touchstone that distinguishes patriotism from treachery to the nation, the line of reunification from the line of division. Claiming for independence and north-south reconciliation and unity while pursuing the policy of dependence on foreign forces is nothing but empty talk. Just as
patriotism is incompatible with treachery to the nation, so is national independence incompatible with dependence on foreign forces. He who truly desires north-south reconciliation, national unity and national reunification must follow the road of national independence, not the path of dependence on foreign forces.
National unity is always aimed at defending and realizing national independence; it is inconceivable to talk about national unity apart from the principle of national independence. Only when we achieve the great unity of the entire nation on the basis of the principle of national independence, can our nation become a true master of its destiny, a strong driving and decisive force of national reunification
and national prosperity. We must categorically oppose and reject sycophancy to great powers and dependence on foreign forces, and achieve great national unity on the basis of the principle of national independence.
The entire nation must unite under the banner of patriotism, the banner of national reunification. Loving one's country and nation and cherishing one's national
traits are the common psychology and sentiment of the members of the nation. Ours is a nation with strong national character, cherishing ardent love for the country and fellow countrymen and treasuring and inheriting the national soul. Our nation's patriotic spirit and inherent traits form a strong ideological and spiritual basis of the great unity of the whole nation. Moreover, to our nation that has
suffered all types of misfortune and pains caused by national division, national reunification is a supreme national demand, and the banner of national reunification is the banner of common national struggle, the banner of great unity of the whole nation. The entire nation must achieve great unity for the great common cause of the nation, on the basis of the inherent traits of the Korean nation. There are a variety of differences, including those in ideology and
system between the north and south that have been kept divided for over half a century. However, the national community as one nation is far greater than them. The demands and interests of different classes and strata of the nation are different from one another; but the primary task facing our nation today is national reunification, and we must subordinate everything to the cause of national reunification. If we regard the difference in ideology and system between north and
south as absolute, and put aside the national community and the common interests of the nation while bringing the interests of individual classes and strata to the fore, we can achieve neither great national unity nor national reunification.
All the Koreans in the north, south and abroad must unite closely under the banner of patriotism, the banner of national reunification, irrespective of their difference in ideology and system, political views and religion, transcending the interests of classes and strata. All the members of the nation—workers, farmers, intellectuals,
youths and students, the urban petty-bourgeoisie, national capitalists, politicians, economists, men of culture, religious men and soldiers—must fight in unity for national reunification, and make an active contribution to the cause of national reunification. It is our steadfast standpoint and consistent policy to embrace
and unite all the people who cherish the soul of the nation and all the people who love the country and nation, irrespective of their ideology and system, class and stratum, for the great unity of the entire nation. Our all-embracing politics is the politics of noble love for humanity that embraces everybody with loving care. It is the most magnanimous and patriotic politics that unites all the classes and strata of the nation rock-solid for the common cause of the country and nation.
We will invariably carry on the all-embracing politics on the road to national unity and country's reunification, unite with anybody with national conscience and aspiration to the country's reunification and advance hand in hand in the same rank for the country's reunification. People who have taken a wrong path in the past can repent of their mistakes and embark on the road of patriotism. On the principle of
asking no question about the past, we will approach with generosity those who went the wrong way against the nation in the past, but now truly repent of their mistakes and try to contribute to the cause of national reunification, and will advance with them for national reunification. We will also unite with people from upper classes in power, figures from the ruling party and the opposition party, big
capitalists and generals under the banner of great unity of the nation, if they value the common interests of the nation and want the reunification of the country.
Once we join hands with people, we will cooperate with them not only on the road to national reunification but also in the struggle for the prosperity of the reunified country and will highly evaluate, in the name of the nation, those who have made contribution to national reunification.
The north and south must improve their relations in order to achieve the great unity of our nation. To replace the relations of distrust and confrontation between
north and south with those of trust and reconciliation is a pressing requirement for national unity and national reunification. The successive south Korean authorities have obstructed harmony between the north and the south with their anti-north confrontation policy that regards the fellow countrymen as enemies and foments
hostility and discord among the nation and hindered the great unity of the nation in every way. The south Korean authorities' anti-north confrontation policy is the root that gives rise to misunderstanding and distrust between the north and south. It is the stumbling block to the improvement of the north-south relations and national unity. If the south Korean authorities continue to pursue the hostile
anti-north confrontation policy, it will be impossible to create an atmosphere of trust and reconciliation between the north and south. It will only increase tension and bring about an irretrievable result. When different ideologies and systems exist in the north and the south, denial of the other side's ideology and system will make it impossible to avoid confrontation. The north and the south, on the basis of recognizing the existence of the different ideologies and systems, must achieve harmony, promote co-existence, co-prosperity and common interests and open the way to national reunification. Whoever is hostile to his fellow countrymen and pursues the anti-north confrontation policy with the backing of foreign forces and
in cooperation with them, will be cursed and condemned by the people and cannot escape the judgement of history. This can be illustrated by the wretched ends of successive rulers of south Korea. If the south Korean authorities do not want to follow in the footsteps  of their predecessors, they should learn a lesson from their ends and make a resolute decision to break with the outmoded anti-north
confrontation. If the south Korean authorities change their policy and convert the anti-north confrontation policy into reconciliation policy of alliance with the north, the relations between the north and the south will develop into those of trust and reconciliation and a new phase be opened for national unity and national reunification. The south Korean authorities must change their anti-north
confrontation policy into reconciliation policy of alliance with the north from a patriotic standpoint and take the road of national reconciliation and unity. In south Korea the fascist laws and machinery that obstruct the unity of the nation and the reunification of the country must be abolished and all sorts of political barriers
removed. Our position in relation to the south Korean authorities is clear.
We were against the successive rulers of south Korea not because they were in power. We were opposed to their policy of dependence on foreign forces, their policy against reunification, and their treachery to the country and nation. If the south Korean authorities take the patriotic stand, the stand of unity in alliance with the north, we will work with them to shape the destiny of the nation.
For the great unity of our nation, we must reject domination and interference of the foreign forces and fight against the traitors to the nation, the anti-reunification forces, who are in collusion with the foreign forces.
Domination and interference of the foreign forces is the major obstacle to the unity of our nation and the reunification of the country. Our nation has been divided into north and south by the foreign forces, and the country and nation have not yet been reunified because of their domination and interference. Dividing and
ruling other nations is a stereotyped method used by imperialists. In disregard of the demand of our nation for national reunification and running against the trend of the age of independence, the United States is pursuing as ever its ambition to keep our nation divided forever and rule it. It is aggravating the situation by fomenting antagonism and discord among our nation, instigating the south
Korean authorities to confrontation against their fellow countrymen, continuing to keep its troops in south Korea and ceaselessly stepping up war exercises and military buildup. Under the instigation and manipulation of the foreign forces, the
successive south Korean rulers have built the wall of division, intensified the political and military confrontation between the north and south, put down the south Korean people, who seek independence, democracy and national reunification, and resorted to every scheme to divide and disintegrate the patriotic, democratic
force that fights for reunification.
Without fighting against the domination and interference of the foreign forces and the divisive force at home and abroad, it would be impossible to realize unity between north and south, the great unity of the nation and the reunification of the country. Through a nationwide struggle against the domination and
interferece of the foreign forces, all the Koreans in the north, south and abroad must root up the cause of obstruction to national unity and reunification. They must also launch a resolute struggle against the anti-reunification policies and the schemes for national division pursued by the traitors to the nation, who collaborate with the foreign forces for their personal wealth and power with no regard
for the destiny of the country and nation.
The patriotic, democratic force that fights for reunification must heighten their vigilance against the cunning machinations of the divisive elements aimed at wedge-driving and disintegration and counter them by the force of unity. All the political parties, organizations and public figures and people from various social strata who love the country and nation and seek reunification must regard
the great cause of national unity and reunification as a supreme demand, strengthen their unity, continue to expand the patriotic ranks for reunification and organize them on a solid basis. For the great unity of the nation all the Koreans in the north, south and abroad must visit one another, hold contacts, promote
dialogue and strengthen solidarity.
Promoting wide-ranging visits, contacts, dialogues and solidarity among our compatriots is an important way to achieve the great unity of the nation. Even though there is difference in ideologies, ideals, political views and religious beliefs within our nation, the fellow countrymen can build up mutual understanding and trust and pool their will and efforts for the common objective of the nation if they all freely travel, hold contacts and dialogues and strengthen solidarity.
Cherishing the noble ideals of great national unity and national reunification, all our compatriots in the north, south and abroad must strive to realize travel, contact, dialogue and organizational solidarity. Dialogue between the north and south must serve national unity and reunification. No one must make use of the dialogue to pursue dishonest political objectives or to perpetuate the division of the
country. The dialogue must be held on the principle of giving precedence to the common interests of the nation, eliminating distrust and confrontation between the north and south and subordinating everything to reunifying the country.
The dialogue must not be the monopoly of a few men in authorities or of a particular class or section. It must be an all-embracing, nationwide dialogue that can pool the opinions of all political parties, groups and social sections. The dialogue must be participated in by the representatives of all political parties and
social organizations including the authorities, and public figures and people from various walks of life in the north and south and the overseas compatriots. Bilateral and multilateral dialogues and negotiations of various forms must be promoted.
The great unity of the entire nation will be realized and consolidated in the course of developing joint actions in solidarity in the struggle for national reunification. All the political parties, organizations and fellow countrymen in the north, south and abroad must support and keep pace with one another, taking joint action in
the effort for the reunification of the country.
The struggle of our nation for the independent and peaceful reunification of the country is now entering a new historical phase. The road to reunification is still beset with many obstacles and difficulties, but we are optimistic about its future. Our nation is one, and so is our country. Our nation will achieve great unity under the banner of national reunification without fail.
I am convinced that the whole nation in the north, south and abroad will realize the historic cause of national reunification through united effort in our generation, true to the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung's instructions for national reunification.

Sixty years have elapsed since the Non-aligned Movement made its official
appearance on the international arena. The First Summit Conference of the Non-aligned Nations was held in September 1961 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, with the participation of representatives of 25 official member states and three observer states, signalling the start of the movement.
This was an event of great significance in making the 20th century an era of the cause of anti-imperialist independence.
Although the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was not a member state of the
movement (it became a member state in August 1975), President Kim Il Sung
(1912-1994) paid close attention to the movement which was opposed to military blocs and aspiring to build an independent and peaceful world from its outset.
He made great efforts to realize the consolidation and development of the movement and unity and solidarity of its member states with an understanding that the mission of the movement was to oppose all forms of domination, subjugation, aggression and intervention, defend peace and security, realize the independence of countries and nations and achieve free social and economic development.
In many of his talks and other works including The Non-aligned Movements Is a
Mighty Anti-imperialist Revolutionary Force of Our Times published in December 1975 in the inaugural issue of Guidebook to the Third World, a periodical published in Argentina, he gave a scientific definition that the movement embodying the lofty ideal of anti-imperialist independence was a powerful one opposed to imperialist and colonialist aggression and plunder, and that the member states constitute a strong force standing in confrontation with the imperialist reactionary forces; and he gave answers to many theoretical and practical problems arising in consolidating and developing the movement–that the member states should confront the schemes of the imperialists for division and alienation with the strategy of unity, that they should maintain the principle of noninterference in the one another’s internal affairs, that they should settle their disagreements and disputes by means of negotiation, and so on.
He also led his country to fulfil its mission and role as a member state of the
movement. The complicated international situation created in the end of 1980s and early 1990s exerted a harmful influence on the Non-aligned Movement as well as on the socialist forces.
Taking advantage of the disappearance of the cold war structure and the destruction of the balance of forces on the international arena, imperialists attempted to emasculate and obliterate the fundamental ideals and character of the movement which had fought for anti-imperialist independence, peace against war and progress.
In the end of August 1992 the chief editor of the Indonesian newspaper Media
Indonesia asked Kim Il Sung to give answers to the questions regarding the orientation of the development of the Non-aligned Movement.
It was just before Indonesia was to host the 10th Summit Conference of the
Non-aligned Nations.
The conference was supposed to make an accurate evaluation of the prevailing
situation and achieve a consensus of opinion on the important issues related to the road the Non-aligned Movement should take. By that time, however, the member states failed to reach a consensus on some matters or even take a clear-cut stand.
Kim Il Sung replied: The end of the cold war on no account means that the
Non-aligned Movement has forfeited its position and role; since the imperialist forces of domination remain, and since the ideal of non-alignment has yet to be realized, the Non-aligned Movement must continue to exist and to strengthen and develop; there is no change in the world people’s aspiration to build a free, peaceful new world, and advancing towards independence and peace is the fundamental historical tide that cannot be turned back; the movement, which regards independence as its lifeblood, must invariably uphold its fundamental ideal and principles. And he illustrated the direction for further consolidating and developing the movement. His opinions became the spirit of the 10th Summit Conference of the Non-aligned Nations, and the conference marked an important occasion in maintaining the mission and role of the movement aspiring after independence.
Kim Il Sung also concerned himself with the information work of the Non-aligned
Kim Il Sung met the heads and representatives of foreign delegations to the Fourth
Conference of the Ministers of Information of the Non-aligned Countries held in
Pyongyang in June 1993.
In his speech Non-aligned Information Services Must Contribute to the People’s
Cause of Independence given to the participants of the conference, he said: The
Non-aligned Movement is, in essence, a movement to make the whole world democratic and independent; as long as there exists on the globe a force that seeks domination and intervention, aggression and plunder, the Non-aligned Movement must be continuously developed and further expanded and strengthened as the leading force in the building of an independent new world.
It is noteworthy that the DPRK proposed to set September 1 as the day of Non-aligned Movement and that all the member states celebrate it every year. The proposal reflected the far-reaching intention and will of Kim Il Sung who wanted to make the day of the start of the movement an important occasion and a driving force for the continuous development and advance of the movement. This proposal by the DPRK delegation to a meeting of foreign ministers of the non-aligned countries held in February 1981 in New Delhi, India, was welcomed by all the participants.
A former foreign minister of Indonesia, who had watched the process of development of the Non-alignment Movement, had this to say: The DPRK is playing an independent role on the international arena and a definitely leading role in the Non-aligned Movement in particular; it was the DPRK that saved the organic body, called Non-aligned Movement, by giving it vaccine in time when it was suffering from the political fever of “liberalization” and “multi-party system” after the end of the cold war; it was also the DPRK that made the movement come to its sense when it was knocked out in a ring by the heavy strike of the Western forces; it is entirely the exploit of President Kim Il Sung that the DPRK saved the movement and is leading it.

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is dynamically advancing to attain the status of a powerful socialist country it chose, breaking through the obstacles of history. Then, what is the source of inexhaustible strength which repels all sorts of challenges and leads this country?

The single-hearted unity, by which the leader and the people have achieved an
integrated whole by bonds of human feeling, is unique to Korea.
The human feeling between the leader and the people is the leader’s true heart of
loving his people and the people’s yearning for their leader. Kim Jong Un’s affection for the people is ennobling in that it is the warmest and most sincere.
I have to endure every manner of severe hardship and even defy death for the sake of the people–this is his spirit of making selfless, devoted efforts for the people.
Wherever he goes, he shows his keen affection for the people. When he visited a
worker couple’s family who had moved to a new house in Changjon Street, Pyongyang, he proposed the toast to them. And when he met the girl triplets who volunteered to settle in the city in a northernmost, alpine region of the country, he told them to write a letter to him after getting married to good men.
He had baby homes, orphanages and primary and middle schools for orphans built in Pyongyang and in provinces across the country; and when he visited the baby homes and orphanages, he embraced the children with parental affection.
Deeply moved by his devoted efforts and sincere and warm affection, the Korean
people support and follow him as they would do their father.
Their human feeling towards him reflects their thanks to and yearning for him.
They regard it as the greatest joy of their life to see him even from afar and as the
glory of their life to devote themselves to carrying out his instructions and supporting his leadership.
Kim Jong Un’s inborn trait–affection for the people–is the source of single-hearted
unity which encourages all the people to say the same in one voice and keep in step with one another, a driving force of creation and transformation, which makes it possible to achieve greatest successes in the grimmest trials, and the great strength of the DPRK.

Genuine justice lies in realizing the aspirations and demands of the people to live in a peaceful world free from war and in defending their lives.
Kim Jong Un, despite the severest trials and difficulties, has developed the country’s
national defence capability to the highest plane, and thus provided a sure guarantee for enabling his people to live happily for ever under the blue sky free from any threat of war.
Shouldering the responsibility of the senior designer and manufacturer of the
Juche-based weapons, he went to the dangerous test-firing sites and powder smoke-filled firing lines. Whenever test-firing of Juche-based weapons ended in success, the hostile forces’ moves for sanction grew more vicious.
However, thanks to powerful war deterrent and national defence capability provided under Kim Jong Un’s do-or-die determination, the enemy’s challenges were smashed to smithereens.
He achieved the great historic cause of raising the country’s strategic position to the highest plane by building up the most powerful national defence capability at an exponential speed and in a shortest possible period.
Merry laughter and singing of the people resound in every part of the country.
Children are growing cheerfully and stoutly, bringing their talents into bloom.
The Korean people are extending thanks to Kim Jong Un, who has built up the
strongest possible national defence capability, and are proud of being the people of a dignified powerful nation. It is commonplace in the modern world that many countries are moving under the baton of others and toeing the line of big powers. However, as it is led by Kim Jong Un, the DPRK is steering the political current of this planet by demonstrating to the full its sovereignty and might. They are the happiest people in the world. As the country is supported by the strength of warm affection and justice, it is demonstrating its fame as a country of independence and people envied by the world.

The world’s unanimous curiosity about the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is
how the country has been able to withstand the harsh sanctions by the West.
But the country’s image in the face of sanctions is “mysteriously” positive. It is
doubtful whether it is under the unprecedentedly harsh sanctions.

The sanctions and pressure imposed by the West on the DPRK is aimed at leading it to “wither away” by making all its fields and its economy in particular stagnant, suffocated and collapsed.
However, the country’s economy remains stabilized under the super-intense sanctions. It is recording a rising curve, not a rising and then falling curve that is frequently witnessed in the capitalist economies.
The country is furnished with the system that relies on the domestic materials and
techniques in iron and steel making and in the production of fibre and fertilizer; it is
making a change in construction in line with the demands of the new era, and turning out its indigenous tube trains, tractors, trams, trolley buses, buses and trucks. The shops are stocked mostly with the goods of domestic brands, and this
demonstrates the qualitative and quantitative growth of the country’s light industry. The newly-built or renovated architectural structures are in no way inferior to the world’s best.
Ryomyong Street, which foreigners visiting the DPRK praise as a “people’s street in
the 21st century,” was built in a year; the 44 blocks of skyscraping, multi-storeyed
apartment houses of 4 800 flats and the 40 public facilities are energy-saving and green buildings. The “mysterious” strength that propels such remarkable development is none other than the spirit of self-reliance. It is the invariable will of the DPRK not to rely on others but advance by its own efforts.
The reality of the DPRK, which is growing stronger, achieving a miraculous
development and creating a happier life in the face of the harsh sanctions, serves as a textbook that teaches how countries and nations that aspire after anti-imperialist
independence should fight the arrogant and high-handed Western countries.

“North Korea is a country of evil. The people are uncouth and there is nothing
complete. Not a taxi can be found. Many people are homeless.”
What is the country’s reality that is reflected on the eyes of the foreign visitors?
They are unanimous in saying that the DPRK is a country free of not only the
unemployed, wanderers and beggars but also murder, robbery, drug abuse and
prostitution, the outcome of mental deformation and an inevitable product of the
capitalist society. The DPRK is invariably enforcing policies of love for the people and future even in the face of the inhuman blockades, pressure and sanctions by the West. The children are regarded as the kings of the country; in the palaces and halls for them, which are ubiquitous in the country, children give fullest play to their wishes and talents without paying a penny, a reality quite different from the Western countries where children regard it as essential to them to possess bulletproof blankets against gun violence.
In the Okryu Children’s Hospital situated in Pyongyang, the capital city of the
country, there are classrooms and teachers for the in-patients for their uninterrupted learning during hospitalization. Visiting this hospital constitutes a good chance for experiencing the free medical care and compulsory education enforced in the country. The Pyongyang Maternity Hospital delivers triplets now and then, and the state’s policy for them is worthy of attention; mothers are not subject to any charges from the day of being hospitalized to the day of leaving the hospital; moreover, a silver dagger is awarded to a boy baby and the father of triplets and a gold ring to a girl baby and the mother of the triplets.
Someone once said that the era without gold was truly a “golden era,” and the DPRK, which is full of affection and human feeling, harmony and happiness, is an “ideal land” in a “golden era,” isn’t it?
If this is a “country of evil” as the West claims it to be, how should we call the
Western society, in which fraudulence, trickery, conflict, confrontation and the law of the jungle are the mainstay of the social relations?

September 9 this year marks the 73rd founding anniversary of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
Over the past seven decades of its development the country has demonstrated its
dignity and honour, overcoming all sorts of challenges and difficulties.
We look back on its history through the names it was called in each period.

On August 15, 1945, Korea was liberated from Japan’s military occupation. It was a
task of the times confronting the Korean people to decide which road the new Korea should take. Korea adopted the road of Korean-style democracy, progressive democracy, not the road of Soviet-style democracy nor the US-style democracy. On the basis of the founding of the people’s government and the implementation of democratic reforms such as the agrarian reform, nationalization of key industries and gender equality, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the people’s country with the working masses as its masters, was founded on September 9, 1948. The world people called the new Korea democratic Korea.

The Korean war (1950-1953) waged by the imperialist allied forces led by the US that boasted of being the “strongest” in the world to stifle the DPRK, which was only two years old since its founding, was literally a “confrontation between an A-bomb and a rifle.”
Few thought that Korea would win the war. But the Korean people repulsed the
imperialist aggressors and defended the country. Many people in the world praised the DPRK as heroic Korea as it created a myth of bringing to its knee the imperialist power.

The appearance of post-war Korea was such that it could not be expressed otherwise than “ashes.” The US claimed that Korea could not rise again even in one hundred years.
However, the Korean people have turned out in the struggle to create a new life. After completing reconstruction in less than three years, it carried out the centuries-old task of socialist industrialization in 14 years, running in the spirit of legendary Chollima, a horse that can run 400 kilometres a day. The word Chollima Korea widely spread in the world.

The whole course covered by the DPRK can be called the process of applying the
Juche idea. After its founding, the country has achieved remarkable successes in socialist construction by thoroughly applying the Juche idea and dealing with everything in conformity with its specific conditions and the interests of its people. Universal free medical care and free education were enforced and a heyday of socialism was opened in all fields of society.
The Juche idea has been widely disseminated to the world; more than 1 100 research and dissemination organizations in over 100 countries have been formed with the International Institute of Juche Idea and regional organizations as the centres. The country has become widely known as the land of Juche.

The collapse of socialism in one country after another at the end of the last century
weakened the faith in socialism among many people of the world. At that time, Chairman Kim Jong Il of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK made public important works, including Socialism Is a Science, which proved the scientific accuracy and truthfulness of socialism and the inevitability of its victory. The country smashed by dint of the treasured sword of Songun politics the general offensive the imperialist allied forces had launched to stifle it availing themselves of the collapse of the world socialist camp, firmly defended its socialist system and ushered in a new era of building a powerful socialist country. The DPRK has become recognized by the international community as a socialist fortress which no one can destroy with anything.

Many people in the world are surprised to see the DPRK advancing along the road of independence without the slightest vacillation in the face of severe trials and challenges of history.
The dangerous military pressure by the hostile forces and the hideous economic
blockade which could not be otherwise described as being aimed at “annihilating a
nation” could not bring the Korean people to their knees.
How could the DPRK, which is not so large in terms of population and territory,
overcome such tremendous challenges? The secret was the single-hearted unity in which the national leader and the people share the intention and destiny. This single-minded unity is unique to the DPRK, which no country can imitate nor possess and is the most powerful political weapon that cannot be destroyed even by a nuclear bomb. The country of single-hearted unity is the most correct name characterizing the DPRK.

The working people of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, who overfulfilled
the production plan for the first half of this year by 44% under extremely difficult
conditions, are scoring successes in the second half with a greater stamina.
The experts’ analysis is that they are encouraged by the decisions adopted at the Third Plenary Meeting of the Eighth Central Committee of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea held in June.
As a matter of fact, the plenary meeting was convened to make a mid-term review of the implementation of the major Party and state policies in 2021 and decide the ways for promoting their implementation in the latter half.
The experts expected that the meeting would discuss mainly such practical measures as readjusting the economic system for the country’s sustainable development or increasing state investment in the present unfavourable conditions and environment.
However, the international community was surprised at the unexpected result of the
meeting. Kim Jong Un, General Secretary of the WPK, issued a special order signed by him personally, saying that it was the core agenda item of the plenary meeting to take decisive measures for immediately solving the problems of utmost and urgent concern of the people at present.
He said there is no other more important revolutionary work for the Party and state
than bringing up the children, the future of the country, to be physically strong and it is their most important policy and most earnest wish to create better conditions for bringing them up by investing even millions of tons of gold. As a result, the plenary meeting adopted a decision on providing the children across the country at the ages eligible for nurseries and kindergartens with nutritional foodstuffs like dairy products at the expense of the state.
The agenda item of the utmost concern of the Third Plenary Meeting of the Eighth
Central Committee of the WPK was the people’s living standards.
It is unprecedented in the history of the WPK that a special order was issued in the
name of its leader.
It is not yet known to the public what the special order is about, but if one reads the
media coverage of the meeting one can guess that it is related with stabilizing and
improving the people’s living standards. In view of the circumstances the DPRK is in now, it is indeed a very ambitious decision for it to provide the children with dairy products at the expense of the state. In retrospect, important measures have been taken on several occasions in the last decade since Kim Jong Un led the state.
One of them was taken when the northern area of the northeastern North Hamgyong Province was severely damaged by strong wind and flooding in 2016.
At that time an unprecedented upsurge was being brought about in all fields of the
national economy through a 200-day campaign for implementing the decisions adopted at the Seventh Congress of the WPK.
In particular, in Pyongyang, the capital city, Ryomyong Street, which could be called
a model street of modern architecture, a green and energy-saving street, was under
But Kim Jong Un took important measures, saying that there was no more urgent
emergency and no more important work for the Party than the work of relieving the
victims of the suffering.
All the human, material and technical resources were enlisted and concentrated on the rehabilitation projects in the area. At last 11 900 houses and more than 100 buildings for nurseries, kindergartens, schools, hospitals and clinics were built and 15 000 houses repaired in a short period of time, and the residents moved into the houses before the cold winter set in. A number of important measures were taken last year, too.
The measure for building a general hospital in Pyongyang before conducting other
major projects was one of them.
And a measure was taken for the Central Committee of the WPK to provide grains
and financial support to the people of Kaesong, a city, completely sealed off according to the state emergency epidemic prevention system to prevent the infiltration of Covid-19; a measure was taken to provide the food reserve and the strategic materials reserve of the President of the Sate Affairs for stabilizing the living of the people in the flood-stricken areas and for building houses for them.
Kim Jong Un personally wrote in a typhoon-stricken area an open letter to the WPK
members of the capital city of Pyongyang to stand them in the vanguard of the
rehabilitation projects. All these show that the matter of Kim Jong Un’s utmost concern is the wellbeing of his people. It is indeed a genuine feature of Kim Jong Un’s politics to believe in the people as in heaven and to audaciously brave all difficulties and hardships for their sake.

There are a number of famous guerrillas in the world history of war.
But it is hard to find such guerrillas as those of Korea, who defeated the enemy much stronger in terms of strength in such severe conditions and for such a long time in the world history of guerrilla warfare.

Peerless Hero

In the first half of the last century the situation of Korea was very miserable under the military occupation of Japan. It was a colony where literally everything was controlled by the Japanese; state sovereignty, territory, resources and even the right to existence as a nation were violated by the imperialist state.
Independence of Korea at that time seemed bleak under the oppression of Japan that was boasting of being one of the five military powers in the world.
At this time of agony there was a man, named Kim Il Sung (1912-1994), who
believed that the Japanese aggressors could be defeated.
As a son of the Korean nation, he founded in 1932, at the age of twenty, the Anti-Japanese People’s Guerrilla Army, and declared a war against Japan with a firm
determination to liberate his country without fail.
From that time the Korean guerillas led by General Kim Il Sung wrote a heroic epic
in the history of the struggle for the liberation of their country, eating and sleeping in the open and overcoming all difficulties and ordeals of every description.

Indomitable Guerrillas

What should be mentioned first when speaking about the Korean guerillas is the fact that they fought in the most arduous conditions.
They could not rely on support from a state and regular army at all.
Everything including food, weapons, ammunition and clothes had to be obtained by
themselves. With the spirit of self-reliance, they attacked the enemy and captured weapons, food and other supplies from them; they built arsenals in the mountains and made bombs and even wooden guns. In winter the temperature in the northern part of Korea and Manchuria of China, the main theatres of struggle by the guerrillas, is sometimes under 40℃ below zero and the accumulated snow is deeper than a man’s stature.
It may be rather favourable to fight a guerrilla war in Africa or Latin America where
there is no cold winter and one can enjoy a certain degree of benefits of nature.
This notwithstanding, guerrilla warfare is not easy in these regions.
When Cuban leader Fidel Castro visited the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,
he asked Kim Il Sung how he had solved the problem of food in the days of the guerrilla warfare. Since he had conducted guerrilla warfare in Mt Sierra Maestra, he was much interested in the way the Korean leader had solved the problem.
It is indeed beyond imagination that the Korean guerrillas fought the large contingents of enemy troops almost every day, sometimes eating snow in winter as they had run out of provisions. General Kim Il Sung was always in the vanguard of this bloody struggle. Sharing weal and woe with his soldiers, he awakened them to their ennobling mission for liberating their motherland, and instilled in them the conviction in sure victory. Under the most severe conditions, in which others must have yielded easily, the Korean guerrillas fought with conviction in victory and optimism about the future, emerging victorious at last.
Later the guerilla war veterans recalled that they could overcome the severe
difficulties because they had cherished absolute trust in their commander General
Kim Il Sung and an indomitable faith.
It is also important to note that, upholding Kim Il Sung’s idea of army-people unity
that “Just as fish cannot live without water, so the guerrillas cannot exist apart from the people,” the guerrillas did all things for the benefit of the people and the people supported them with all sincerity

Elusive Tactics of Guerilla Warfare

General Kim Il Sung was well known as a guerrilla commander associated with many
legendary tales, all produced by his ingenious guerilla tactics. At that time the Japanese described the Korean guerrillas as “a drop in the ocean.” The Korean guerrillas armed with light weapons only paled in comparison to Japan, the “leader” of Asia and one of the military powers in the world, which had the one-million-strong Kwantung Army in Korea and Manchuria of China. But every battle between those two forces ended in the victory of the Korean guerrillas, a fact transcending the conventional concepts and common sense. The secret was the ingenious tactics of General Kim Il Sung. Kim Il Sung always took the initiative and defeated the enemy forces, who had numerical and technical superiority, by dint of strategic and tactical superiority. He could do so as he had created and applied unique and mysterious tactics not known in the military textbooks of warfare, ancient or modern, Eastern or Western.
The lure and ambush tactic, telescoping tactic, the tactic of marching 1000 ri at a
stretch and others are the acme of mysteriousness and resourcefulness.
The so-called military generals of Japan, once caught in one of those tactics, had to
swallow a bitter pill.
Legendary tales about the tactics of appearing and disappearing with preternatural
swiftness, soaring above the sky and sinking into the earth and shrinking distances spread across Korea, leading the people to cherish national dignity and pride and look forward to the day of their liberation. At last Korea was liberated on August 15, 1945. The glorious name of General Kim Il Sung, who led the Korean guerrillas to victory, shook the world as well as Korea. It reminds us of the remarks made by Mark W. Clark, commander-in-chief of the UN forces, who lamenting that he had gained the unenviable distinction of being the first United States army commander in history to sign an armistice agreement without victory. He said: Kim Il Sung performed wonderful exploits as the commander of a guerillas army that fought against the Japanese army for many years; many people respected his name and his name became the symbol of patriotic deeds in Korea.

Kim Jong Il, eternal chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, started working at the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea on June 19, 1964.
In the whole period of leading the WPK, he built it into a party that forms a harmonious whole with the masses of the people and serves them. And, regarding “The people are my God” as his motto throughout his life, he always went among the people and devoted his all to them.
The ennobling revolutionary life of Chairman Kim Jong Il and his exploits will be
handed down to posterity.

1. Kim Jong Il , the g reat leader of the Korean people
2. Kim Jong Il working at the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea
3. Kim Jong Il examining amusement facilities to be used by the people (October
4. Kim Jong Il at a shop of a farm (November 1989)
5. Kim Jong Il seeing the samples of clothes for children (April 1992)
6. Kim Jong Il visiting the Mangyongdae Revolutionary School for sons and
daughters of revolutionary martyrs (January 1997)
7. Kim Jong Il at the State Academy of Sciences (January 1999)
8. Kim Jong Il talking to a woman worker at a bearing factory (January 2000)
9. Kim Jong Il meeting on his field guidance trip the family who maintains the
road (August 2000)
10. Kim Jong Il visiting a pilot’s family (January 2003)
11. Kim Jong Il meeting a talented child (Jan uary 2006)
12. Kim Jong Il visiting a worker’s family who moved to a new house (January
13. Kim Jong IlKim Jong Il at a senior middle school (April 2009)at a senior middle school (April 2009)
14. Kim Jong IlKim Jong Il among old lecturers among old lecturers ofof Kim Il Sung University (April 2010)Kim Il Sung University (April 2010)
15. Kim Jong IlKim Jong Il at a tool factory (February 2011at a tool factory (February 2011))
16. Kim Jong IlKim Jong Il waving to the cheering people waving to the cheering people

February 16 is the birthday of Chairman Kim Jong Il of the National Defence  Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Commemorating his birthday, peoples of the world recall him with deep respect and emotion. He was a veteran statesman who achieved great exploits for the socialist cause. In the late 20th century, when socialism collapsed in several countries, he made public many works such as The Historic Lesson in Building Socialism and the General Line of Our Party, Abuses of Socialism Are Intolerable and Socialism Is a Science, proving in a scientific way the truthfulness of socialism and the inevitability of its triumph. He firmly defended the Korean style of socialism by dint of unique Songun politics.
By strengthening his country’s military capabilities for self-defence in everyway, he smashed the enemies’ manoeuvres to frustrate the country militarily and provided a springboard for building a powerful socialist country. In those days, VOA reported as follows: Chairman Kim Jong Il is a unique political leader unheard-of so far in the world; he must be recognized as a socialist statesman and military leader possessed of absolute faith in and loyalty to socialism and of tenacity.
Wakabayashi, a Japanese political figure, said; “Chairman Kim Jong Il is surely an outstanding statesman, who is principled, stout and who adroitly combines strength and elasticity, and a marvellous strategist, who defeats his enemy without fighting.”
Kim Jong Il made a great contribution to the accomplishment of the cause of
global independence. Visiting China several times, he further promoted the common cause of developing traditional friendship between the peoples of the two countries and of defending socialism and global peace.
His visit to Russia in August 2001 and adoption of the DPRK-Russia Moscow Declaration was a historic event that dealt a serious blow to the manoeuvres of the imperialists to make the whole world unipolar one based on the superiority of strength.
By achieving international unity with all countries, which were opposed to war and aspired after peace, by transcending differences in ideas, political views, nationalities and religious beliefs, he gave great impetus to the accomplishment of the cause of global independence.
All who met him were attracted to his unique political qualifications and magnanimity.
Goran Persson, president of the European Council and prime minister of Sweden, who headed a top-level delegation of the EU to the DPRK, said: Chairman Kim Jong Il is the most excellent leader of all the heads of state I have ever met.

Madeleine Albright, the then US Secretary of State, on her return from a visit to Pyongyang with an entourage of over 200 persons in late October 2000, submitted a report to President Clinton, which reads in part: Kim Jong Il is completely different from what we have so far thought of him; his theories are systematic and logical; he not only has mastered the complicated international issues of the present days but also is accurate in analysis and judgement and is magnanimous, broad-minded and clear-cut in dealing with issues; it is entertaining to have talks with Kim Jong Il for he listens to his dialogue partner to the last in a prudent manner and with great attention and shows himself to be magnanimous; it is accordingly inevitable to be drawn deep into his theories and assertions during negotiations; all in all, I could not but admit that Kim Jong Il is a leader of great versatility who is clear in the theories of and self-confident in the wide-ranging fields of politics, the economy, culture, military affairs, and diplomacy and is broad-minded and scrupulous.

Despite From olden times it has been said that a man who loves children is 
honest-minded and righteous, and the country that enforces the policy of loving
children is the most beautiful one. 
The realities in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea give a clear understanding of the true meaning of this saying. 
Kim Jong Un, President of the State Affairs of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, loves children very much. 
When the new Pyongyang Orphanage and Baby Home were under construction,
people except relevant officials and residents living nearby did not know where their previous buildings were. 
One February day in 2014 he visited the old Pyongyang Orphanage and Baby Home without a prior notice. Embracing the children who were approaching, saying “Father!” he asked “How old are you?” “Are you fine?” He stressed that the children with no parents were also the successors to our revolution and pillars of our future. That year, greeting the International Children’s Day, he visited the Pyongyang Orphanage again, and said: When the laughter of children rings aloud, the whole country becomes bright; now the Workers’ Party of Korea is having a modern orphanage and baby home built on the Taedong riverside; these children will celebrate the following June 1, the International Children’s Day, at the newly-built orphanage. 
On the morning of New Year’s Day in 2015, he visited the orphanage again to wish the children a happy new year. That day he said that while looking round the newly-built orphanage and baby home in October the previous year he had made a promise to come there on the coming New Year’s Day, and that to keep his promise, he came there soon after he delivered the new year address.  
One year, while visiting the Wonsan Orphanage and Baby Home that were to be 
inaugurated, he said with great satisfaction: Such marvellous and handsome structures would be difficult to be found elsewhere in the world; the parentless children will grow up brightly and cheerfully, calling the Party and motherland their father and mother, to become trustworthy pillars of the country; a mere thought of it makes me to harden the determination to sweat more and spare nothing for the sake of the coming generations.  
Kim Jong Un is working with devotion to build a beautiful country where all the children will grow stoutly and beautifully without any worry. 

On March 23 and 24, the last session of the 461th General Meeting of the UN Human Rights Council, situated in Geneva, was held. The main agenda item was to adopt a “resolution” against the Democratic People’s Republic Korea. The draft “resolution” was jointly proposed by 43 countries including the US, EU, UK, Japan and Australia.  
When the West was pitching high their voice of denouncing the DPRK’s “human
rights situation,” a groundbreaking ceremony took place on March 23 for the
construction of 10 000 flats in Pyongyang, the capital city of the DPRK. These flats,
which will be built within this year as part of the project for building 50 000 flats in the capital city during the new five-year plan period, will be provided to its citizens free of charge. And a measure was taken to build 800 characteristic terraced houses on the Pothong riverside independently from the project and make labour innovators and persons of meritorious service in various sectors, scientists, educationalists, writers and other working people presents of these houses.
Is this a mere coincidence of time? Isn’t this an immediate answer to the assertion on the “deteriorating human rights situation in the DPRK” clamoured about by the 43 co-sponsors of the proposal? 
In fact, this country builds excellent houses every year at huge state expense and
provides them to working people free of charge. Last year, when disastrous typhoons and heavy rainfalls hit various parts of the country, the government had 20 000 modern houses built in a matter of few months by enlisting all its potential, and the flood victims moved to new houses before the approaching winter season, free of charge at that. 
In contrast, Japan, one of the co-sponsors, was yet to free 50 000 earthquake victims from nine-year life as refugees as of last year. Worse still, there can be found many homeless people in most of the 43 co-sponsors.  
Through the housing issue alone, an important item in ensuring human rights, it is
evident that the DPRK is incomparably more advanced than the above-mentioned 
Then, what is the purport of the West’s boisterous smear campaign that the human
rights situation of the DPRK is “poor”? 
The answer is clear. Their real intention is to tarnish its image and isolate it in the 
international community and justify their schemes to crush it under the mask of
“champions of human rights.” 
Can the schemes be realized?
The mere coincidence of the events that occurred nearly at the same time in the 
western and eastern hemispheres on the earth in late March this year awakened the
international community once again.

Nearly ten years have elapsed since President Kim Jong Un of the State Affairs of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea began to lead his country by inheriting the cause of Chairman Kim Jong Il of the National Defence Commission. 
One saying has it that ten years change the looks of mountains and rivers. During the last decade the DPRK has achieved world-startling changes one after another. 
It can be said that these achievements are the fruition of Kim Jong Un’s politics.

People-loving Leader 

Kim Jong Un has reflected the people-friendly and people-loving character in the 
politics of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea.
“Everything for the people and everything by relying on them!”—this is a slogan he 
put forward, and the political philosophy of the ruling party and the state is the
people-first principle. 
His people-loving politics is not something like seeking fame or achieving successes
habitually pursued by the Western politicians in general.  
Last year when typhoons and flooding hit different areas of the country, Kim Jong Un personally drove his car to the spots. In this country, where a well-regulated working system has been established, the leader could learn the actual situations and take appropriate measures without giving personal field guidance. But he refused to do so. 
He did not hesitate to drive his car on the roads that became slippery and muddy by heavy rainfalls or to dangerous areas where the swell of typhoons was yet to be removed.
He met and consoled the victims and raised fallen rice plants with his hands. The
appearance of the leader, who goes closer to the people suffering from trials, moved the world.  
This is how the country, though it was in a difficult situation owing to the persistent
harsh sanctions imposed by the hostile forces and to the world health crisis, could build tens of thousands of new houses more splendid than their original ones in a matter of a few months, thus stabilizing the victims’ living as soon as possible. 
Over the last decade streets and bases for cultural and leisure activities have been built in various parts of the country, dramatically changing its appearance. All these are born by his politics of loving the people. 
This year, too, the situation surrounding the country is still arduous, but an
unprecedented, grand construction projects are under way. Kim Jong Un is determined to have many houses built in different parts of the country in the period of new five-year plan for national economic development, particularly 10 000 flats in the capital city every year in this period, so as to improve the people’s living standards more satisfactorily. 
It is quite natural that the single-hearted unity, in which the leader and the people
share the same ideology and destiny, is being cemented rock-solid across the country, and so is the fact that the country is recognized as a political power unperturbed by any storms. 

High Level of Political Diplomacy 

The recent political diplomacy of the DPRK mirrors the charisma of Kim Jong Un 
who is strong and yet flexible in diplomacy.
When it is regarded as the superior tactics in politics and diplomacy to attain a desired goal by properly combining strong and flexible and leading the counterpart to make compromise, it can be said that Kim Jong Un is a statesman who raises his country’s international prestige to the highest stage through unpredictable, free and brisk political diplomacy.  
The DPRK government’s hard-line approaches and measures for defending the
country’s dignity and interests are all indicative of his strong temperament. 
Kim Jong Un, who is known to the world as a leader unyielding and strong in
principle, is not a politician who only follows a one-sided, hard-line policy. He is an
adroit and seasoned politician who makes the most of the rhythm of the strong.


What is noteworthy in the remarkable successes the DPRK achieved in the last decade is that it definitely secured the position of a strategic state which can defend peace in northeast Asia and the rest of the world. 
To remove the potential crisis lingering on the Korean peninsula, in which an accidental spark may escalate into a world nuclear war, the DPRK demanded several
times that the US and the country should replace the Korean Armistice Agreement with a peace pact and that the US should withdraw its hostile policy toward it. However, it all fell on deaf ears. The US rather raised the intensity of the economic sanctions and military pressure upon it on the strength of its own enormous economic and military capabilities. 
There is a saying, “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.”
He made a resolute determination to remove the source of the danger of war on the Korean peninsula and guarantee the safety of the state and the people in the most convincing way. Thanks to his persevering and strenuous efforts, the country possessed nuclear weapons with which to counter the nuclear weapons of the US. 
The country has become a strategic state, both in name and reality, which can not only control the situation around it but also take the lead in defending regional and global peace with its perfect and powerful war deterrent  
As he placed the status of his country definitely on that of a military power that no one can belittle, he is now devoting his all to provide his people with a more cultured and happier life by making his country a powerful socialist one at the earliest possible date.  
Seeing the country getting more prosperous and united more firmly internally and
getting more conspicuous in the international arena externally, the international
community is now anticipating the emergence of a new superpower. 

Despite the protracted and ever-growing economic blockade and military threats by
the hostile forces that are not happy with its independent advance and development, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is steadfastly following the road of its development. Moreover, the country is dynamically advancing to achieve the ambitious objective for building itself into a powerful socialist country. 
This eye-opening reality is unthinkable separated from the leadership of Kim Jong Un, president of the State Affairs of the DPRK.  
The international community regards the DPRK leader as a leader of strong will.
At the Fifth Plenary Meeting of the Seventh Central Committee of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea held in December 2019, Kim Jong Un said that a fierce confrontation with the enemy is always accompanied by the work of strengthening one’s own forces and one can take the initiative in the confrontation and achieve victory only when one gives priority to strengthening oneself. And he advanced the slogan “Let us smash straight through all the barriers hampering our advance!”  
He led all the people in the frontal attack for achieving a breakthrough, so as to
frustrate the hostile forces’ blockade on the strength of self-reliance. He encouraged all the units of the national economy to push ahead with sustainable development of the country by relying on domestic raw materials and resources and by constantly exploring and utilizing internal potentials and internal dynamic force. He ensured that the military capability of the country for self-defence was further bolstered up to cope with the military challenge by the hostile forces. 
For the country, 2020 was a year of unexpected disasters; it had to conduct the
epidemic prevention work in the face of the worldwide health crisis and, at the same time, rehabilitate the areas hit by unprecedentedly severe flooding and subsequent typhoons. 
Giving absolute priority to protecting the people’s lives and security, Kim Jong Un ensured that the epidemic prevention efforts were intensified; he also saw to it that rehabilitation projects were conducted simultaneously in the disaster-stricken areas of the country. Having successfully overcome all the difficulties, he unfolded a blueprint for bringing about a brighter future; when he visited the Komdok area, a leading nonferrous mineral producer of the country, which had been devastated by the natural disaster, he set forth a long-term goal to turn it into a world-class gorge town instead of merely rehabilitating the area. 

Foreigners on a visit to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea are surprised to 
see that the reality of the country is quite different from how it is described by the West.
In fact, it is almost impossible to find an article which fairly assesses the reality of the country in the publications of the Western countries including the US. 
Then, why does the West deny its reality? It is necessary to observe its reality in
comparison to the reality in the West. Every citizen in the DPRK has a right to elect and to be elected. Workers, farmers and intellectuals can be elected deputies to people’s assemblies at all levels including the Supreme People’s Assembly (Parliament in the Western countries), and participate directly in the state administration. In the West, however, the right to elect and to be elected is granted according to the duration of residence and property status. It is rare that workers and peasants are elected to the Parliament or local councils. 
Unemployment always exists in any Western country no matter how developed it may be, but there is no word unemployment in the DPRK. The state provides all citizens of working age with suitable jobs according to their wishes and aptitudes. 
There are no homeless people in the country. The state provides houses to the working people free of charge. Ordinary workers and office employees live in the excellent apartment houses in Mirae Scientists and Ryomyong streets in Pyongyang, which are admired by many people in the world. When flooding hit the country last year, the state built new houses for the flood victims through an all-out drive. The newly-built houses numbered over 20 000.  
The Korean people are not concerned about nursing, education and medical treatment. The state bears the whole burden of looking after and bringing up children. University and extracurricular educations, to say nothing of primary and secondary educations, are free. The state enforces universal 12-year compulsory education, which is a high level in the world. Ri (dong), which is the lowest administrative unit in the country, has a hospital or clinic, and residents have doctors assigned to them. Anyone receives free medical care.
Such facts, if known to the international community, will be nothing but the biggest 
trouble for those who are trying to isolate and stifle the DPRK. That is why the West is so enthusiastic about tarnishing the image of the DPRK.

Esteemed Comrade Gustav Husak, 
Esteemed Comrade Lubomir Strougal, 
Esteemed guests from Czechoslovakia, 
Dear comrades and friends, 
The people at all levels in Pyongyang City have gathered here today, overjoyed to welcome you, goodwill envoys from the brotherly country of Czechoslovakia. 
In the name of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Korean people, I should like first to repeat my warm welcome to the Party and Government delegation of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic led by Comrade Gustav Husak,
general secretary of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak Communist Party. 

Allow me also to convey, through you, the Korean people’s warm greetings of fraternal friendship to the Czechoslovak people. 
We highly appreciate the visit to our country by a Party and Government delegation of the highest level from Czechoslovakia as an expression of the deep friendship cherished by the Czechoslovak people for our people, and as a manifestation of
firm solidarity with our struggle for socialist construction and national reunification. 

Your present visit to our country marks a milestone in deepening mutual understanding between the peoples of the two countries and raising their relations of friendship and cooperation to a new stage. Our meeting with you has given us a better understanding of the course of arduous yet brilliant struggle traversed by the
Czechoslovak people, their achievements in the building of socialism and the future of the struggle of your Party and people. 

As a people living in the heart of the European Continent, plagued throughout history by conflicts between nations, the Czechoslovak people fought protracted and dynamic battles against foreign invaders and for national independence and social emancipation. In the hard days when the Hitlerite fascists were occupying the country, the communists and patriotic people of Czechoslovakia carried out a gallant anti-fascist fight for liberation with arms in their hands.  Even after fascist Germany was routed and the country liberated, the Czechoslovak people have followed the complicated road of struggle. The Czechoslovak people, who took the road towards socialism following the February Victory in 1948, have turned their country into a socialist state with a developed industry in a short time by displaying patriotic devotion and creative activity and safeguarded their gains of revolution, shattering the repeated subversive and destructive plans of the class enemies.

Under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak Communist Party headed by Comrade Gustav Husak the Czechoslovak people are now making great strides in their endeavors to achieve further progress in the national
economy, raise the people’s living standards and overfulfil the Fifth Five-Year Plan, in accordance with the programme of the 14th Congress of the Czechoslovak Communist Party to consolidate and develop the socialist society more fully. 
Czechoslovakia is daily expanding the sphere of its activities in the field of international relations, too. Our people heartily rejoice over all the successes made by the brotherly Czechoslovak people in the building of a new society and sincerely wish them ever greater victory in their future work. Our people also express solidarity with the Communist Party, Government and people of Czechoslovakia in their efforts against the imperialists’ war policy and for peace and security in Europe. 
Through their own experiences our people well know that the road to socialism is by no means a smooth one. After liberation our people embarked on the building of a new society under the difficult situation in which our country was divided into two parts because of the US imperialist occupation of south Korea. Under our Party’s leadership, our people, frustrating the ceaseless intrigues of US imperialism and its running dogs to provoke aggression and war, have turned their once backward country into an advanced socialist state in a short time, by successfully carrying out the democratic revolution and the socialist revolution and building an independent national economy. 
Upholding the grand programme mapped out by the Fifth Congress of the Party, our people are now achieving a great revolutionary advance on all fronts of socialist construction to fulfil ahead of schedule the Six-Year Plan and the three major
tasks of the technological revolution and to achieve the independent, peaceful reunification of the country, while accelerating the revolutionization and the working-classization of the whole of society by giving priority to the ideological
revolution. Korea and Czechoslovakia embarked on the building of socialism under different conditions after the Second World War, but the common experience accumulated by the two countries clearly demonstrates that the only way to bring the working people genuine freedom and independence, happiness and prosperity is to take the road to socialism. 
The Korean and Czechoslovak peoples have long maintained firm ties of friendship and have cooperated closely for the common goal of opposition to imperialism and for the victory of the cause of peace and socialism. This friendship based on the
principles of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism displayed greater vitality whenever the two peoples faced difficulties and trials in the way of their advance. 
The Czechoslovak people rendered great assistance, both material and moral, to our people during the Fatherland Liberation War against the US imperialist aggressors and during the period of postwar rehabilitation and construction. We shall always remember this. 
The Czechoslovak people are still giving active support and assistance to our people’s struggle to build socialism and achieve the independent, peaceful reunification of the country. Some time ago the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, in its reply to the letter addressed by our Supreme
People’s Assembly to the parliaments and governments of all countries, positively recognized our policy of peaceful reunification and gave assurances that it would continue to render active support and assistance to our people’s just cause.
I take advantage of this opportunity today to express my profound thanks again to Comrade Gustav Husak and the Communist Party, Government and people of Czechoslovakia for their brotherly support and assistance to our people. 
As is shown by the current visit of the Party and Government delegation of Czechoslovakia to this country, the relationship between our two countries keeps developing favourably and their internationalist solidarity is growing in strength. 
The strengthening of unity amongst socialist countries contributes to increasing the might of socialism as a whole and shows that the position of world socialism is sound. Our people will, in the future, too, carry out the revolution and construction in our country well and thereby faithfully discharge their national and international duties. 

Comrades and friends,
Today the international situation is developing in favour of socialism and the revolutionary forces and to the disadvantage of imperialism and the reactionary forces. In the face of the growing forces of socialism and the national-liberation, working-class and democratic movements, imperialism is on the decline and is finding itself in a more difficult situation with every passing day. To find a way out, the imperialists are resorting to more cunning double-dealing tactics. 
The United States is carrying on aggressive and interventionist activities in many parts of the world under the pretence of “peace” and is trying to maintain its colonial domination by suppressing small nations by force while improving its relations with big ones. This is fully proved by its aggressive actions and intervention against Korea, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, a number of Arab countries, Cuba and many other nations of the world. 
The United States wants to hold on to south Korea for ever as a major stronghold to save its colonial ruling system which is falling into total disarray in Asia. 
Adopting two-faced tactics under the “Nixon doctrine,” the United States is not willing to desist from its plans to instigate south Korea’s bellicose elements to make Koreans fight Koreans, perpetuate the division of Korea and create two Koreas, even
after the North-South Joint Statement was published and dialogue started between the two parts of Korea. 
In step with these US machinations, the south Korean authorities are also employing double-dealing tactics. They are scheming to perpetuate the division of the nation and are exerting every effort to reinforce their military strength, claiming to
practice “peaceful reunification” on the one hand and, on the other, openly clamouring for “confrontation with dialogue,” “competition with dialogue” and “coexistence with dialogue.” Because of all this the dialogue between the north and south of Korea is not progressing as it should and a big obstacle still lies in the way to reunification, despite the consistent, sincere efforts of our Party and the Government of our Republic for the country’s independent, peaceful reunification. Consequently the bright prospect for national reunification which was opened
before our nation when the historic North-South Joint Statement was published a year ago is being damaged. Because of our earnest desire to get over the difficult situation created today and bring about the people’s long-cherished aspiration for peaceful national reunification as soon as possible, we hereby reaffirm before the world the policy of our Party and the Government of our Republic for independent, peaceful reunification: 

1. To improve the present relations between the north and south of Korea and accelerate the peaceful reunification of the country, it is necessary, first of all, to eliminate military confrontation and ease tension between the north and south. 
To remove military confrontation and alleviate tension between the north and south is a matter of pressing urgency and vital importance at present in dispelling the misunderstanding and mistrust and deepening mutual understanding and trust,
creating an atmosphere of great national unity, ameliorating the relations between the north and south and bringing about the peaceful reunification of the country. 
The military confrontation between the north and south with huge armed forces in itself constitutes not only a major factor which threatens peace in our country but also a source of misunderstanding and mistrust. 
Only when this fundamental question is solved can tension and mistrust between the north and south be removed, a climate of trust be created and all problems be settled successfully on the basis of mutual trust. It is unnatural to advocate peaceful
reunification and hold a dialogue, with a dagger in one’s pocket.
Unless the dagger is taken out and laid down, it is impossible to create an atmosphere of mutual trust or find satisfactory solutions to any problems, large or small, related to the country’s reunification, including that of achieving collaboration and interchange between the north and south. 
Therefore, as the first step for the peaceful reunification of the country, we have more than once advanced to the south Korean authorities the five-point proposal: to cease the reinforcement of armies and the arms race, make all foreign troops withdraw, reduce armed forces and armaments, stop the introduction of weapons from abroad and to conclude a peace agreement. However, the south Korean authorities are determined to postpone the solution of this urgent problem and gradually solve matters of secondary importance through different stages. 
Actually this is intended not to increase mutual trust and promote great national unity, but to maintain and freeze the territorial division, keeping the painful wound of national partition unhealed. 
If they truly desire peaceful reunification and seek the practical solution of the reunification question, the south Korean authorities must renounce this position and take the course of removing military confrontation. 

2. To improve north-south relations and expedite the country’s reunification, it is necessary to bring about multilateral collaboration and interchange between the north and south in the political, military, diplomatic, economic and cultural fields. 
Multilateral collaboration and interchange between the north and south are of tremendous importance in reuniting the severed ties of the nation and providing preconditions for reunification. Only when such collaboration and interchange are brought about, will it be possible to consolidate the peace agreement to be concluded between the north and south. 
The south Korean authorities propose in words that both sides “completely open” their societies to each other, but in actual fact they are afraid of tearing down any of the barriers between the north and south and are dead set against interchange and
collaboration between the two parts of the country. 
The south Korean authorities are not collaborating with their fellow countrymen now; in collusion with outside forces, they are bringing in foreign monopoly capital without limit to reduce the south Korean economy completely to a dependent economy. They are even spoiling our beautiful land by introducing polluting industries which are rejected as "rubbish" in foreign countries. 
We again emphasize that if the south Korean authorities have a spark of national conscience, they should obviously strive to develop the economy in the interests of our nation through the joint exploitation of our country’s natural resources and bring about national collaboration in all spheres. 

3. In order to settle the question of the country’s reunification in conformity with the will and demand of our people, it is necessary to enable the masses of people of all levels in the north and south to participate in the nationwide patriotic work for
national reunification. We consider that the dialogue between the north and south for national reunification should not be confined to the authorities of the north and south but should be held on a nationwide scale. To this end, we propose convening a Great National Congress  composed of representatives of people of all walks of life–the workers, working peasants, working intellectuals, students and soldiers in the north, and the workers, peasants, students, intellectuals, military personnel, national capitalists and petty bourgeoisie in south Korea–and the representatives of political parties and social organizations in the north and south, and comprehensively discuss and solve the question of the country’s reunification at this congress. 

4. In speeding up the country’s reunification it is very important, today, to institute a north-south federation under the name of a single country. 
It goes without saying that there may be various ways to achieve the complete reunification of the country. Under the prevailing conditions we think that the most
reasonable way for reunification is to convene the Great National Congress and achieve national unity, and on this basis, institute the north-south federation, leaving the two existing social systems in the north and south as they are for the time being. If the north-south federation is instituted, it will be good to call this federal state the Federal Republic of Koryo after Koryo, a united state which once existed on our territory and was widely known to the world. This will be a good name for the state, and acceptable to both the north and south. 
The founding of the Federal Republic of Koryo will open up a decisive phase in preventing national partition, bringing about all-round contact and collaboration between the north and south and in hastening complete reunification. 

5. We consider that our country should be prevented from being partitioned into “two Koreas” permanently as a result of the freezing of national division and that the north and south should also work together in the field of external affairs.
Of course we are developing state relations with all countries friendly to our Republic on the principle of equality and mutual benefit; but we resolutely oppose all intrigues designed to make use of this to create “two Koreas.” We maintain that the north and south should not enter the UN separately, and consider that if they want to enter the UN before the reunification of the country, they should enter it as a single state under the name of the Federal Republic of Koryo, at least after the federation is set up. But apart from the question of admission to the UN, if the
Korean question is placed on its agenda for discussion, the representative of our Republic should be entitled to take part in it and speak as the party concerned. 
Our people are a single people who have lived with the same culture and the same language through many centuries, and they cannot live separated into two parts. 
Our proposal is to remove military confrontation and ease tension between the north and south, bring about multilateral collaboration and interchange between the two parts, convene the Great National Congress composed of representatives of people of all levels and political parties and social organizations in the north and south, institute the north-south federation under the single name of the Federal Republic of Koryo and enter the UN under that name. When this proposal for the country’s reunification is put into effect, there will be a great improvement in accomplishing the historic cause of peaceful national reunification on the principle of the North-South Joint Statement, as commonly desired by our people and the world’s people. We expect the south Korean authorities to approach this new
fair proposal of ours for reunification sincerely. 
At the same time we strongly demand that the United States face up to the rapidly changing situation of today, withdraw its troops from south Korea as soon as practicable and discontinue its aggression and intervention against our country. If the United States thinks that it can swallow small nations one by one, while improving its relations with big powers only, or maintain its colonial domination by propping up its minions, already forsaken by the people, under the slogan of “anti-communism,” it is seriously mistaken. This policy of the United States is more likely to arouse the resistance and hatred of the majority of the world’s people and hasten its ruin. We think that the UN should now strike at the United States’ scheme to justify the occupation of south Korea by its troops under the pretext of the UN “resolution.”  The UN must take the “UN forces” helmets off the US troops
in south Korea, make them withdraw and dissolve the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea and thus remove all the obstacles it has raised to hamper the independent, peaceful reunification of Korea, in keeping with the trend of the present times towards independence and peace.
This is demanded by the general world situation. It is the Japanese militarists who are still working desperately in the international arena as the most active followers of the US imperialists in their ill-fated plots to meddle in our internal affairs. We again warn the Japanese militarists that they must also face facts squarely, give up their hostile policy against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and desist from their cunning attempts to seize an opportunity to give effect to their wild desire to invade south Korea again.  Comrades and friends, The Korean people’s righteous struggle to reject foreign interference and achieve the country’s independent, peaceful reunification enjoys the support and encouragement of the 
peoples of socialist countries, the peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America and all the peace-loving people of the world. Our Party and people always regard it as an important factor for the victory of our revolution to cement their solidarity with
the international revolutionary forces, while firmly building up their own revolutionary forces. In the future, too, we shall fight staunchly for the triumph of 
the cause of peace and democracy, national independence and socialism, in unity with the peoples of socialist countries, in unity with the international working class, in unity with the fighting Asian, African and Latin-American peoples and in unity with all the peace-loving people of the world, upholding the banner of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism, the revolutionary banner of anti-imperialist struggle.  The Korean people strongly support the Vietnamese people in
the new phase of their struggle to ensure the strict observance of the Paris Agreement on Vietnam, build socialism in the north, defend peace, independence and sovereignty in the south and reunify their country peacefully. 
We also express firm solidarity with the Laotian people in their struggle to preserve peace in Laos and achieve national harmony and the reunification of their country. 
Today the United States is expanding its war of aggression in Cambodia, raining down large quantities of bombs every hour of every day, but it is only destroying its prestige and dignity with its own bombs and revealing its savagery more clearly. We
sternly condemn the United States for its war of aggression against Cambodia and express full support to the patriotic Cambodian people’s just fight for the complete liberation of their country. 
The Korean people actively support the struggle of all Asian peoples against the aggression of US imperialism and the revival of Japanese militarism and resolutely support the struggle of the Palestinian people and other Arab peoples against the US-backed aggressors of Israel. 
Our people actively support the struggle of the African peoples against imperialism, colonialism and racism and for freedom, liberation and consolidated national independence and express firm solidarity with the struggle of the Latin-American
peoples against the aggression and intervention of US imperialism and for defending the sovereignty, territorial waters and natural resources of their countries. 
The Korean people express firm solidarity with the struggle of the working class and working people of the capitalist countries against exploitation and oppression by capital and for democratic rights and socialism. 
The people in Europe have waged a protracted struggle to remove the root cause of war and guarantee durable peace and security in this continent which was the breeding ground of the two world wars. 
We express full support to the endeavours of the European socialist countries and the peoples of other countries in Europe for peace and security in this part of the world. 
We shall, in the future, too, continue to do all we can to promote fraternal friendship and solidarity between the Korean and Czechoslovak peoples in the struggle to attain our common goals and ideals. 
Long live the indestructible fraternal friendship and solidarity between the Korean people and the Czechoslovak people! Long live the Czechoslovak Communist Party and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic! Long live the banner of ever-victorious Marxism-Leninism!

Proceeding from sheer desire to ensure peace and security of the Korean peninsula 
and the rest of the world, the Workers’ Party of Korea has made well-meant efforts and displayed the greatest patience to prevent the aggravation of the regional tension. But the intensity of the hostile forces’ policies towards the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has gone to extreme, instead of becoming weakened. The enemy’s high-tech weapons aimed at the DPRK are increasing in volume. 
To cope with this, the WPK, at its recent 8th congress, solemnly declared that it would steadily bolster the national defence capability.

Along with major tasks for preparing the Korean People’s Army more firmly, it set
forth the core plan and strategic tasks of crucial importance in rapidly developing and strengthening the national defence industry. In order to thoroughly contain, control and handle on its own initiative various military threats on the Korean peninsula, which are inevitably accompanied by nuclear threats, it decided to raise the nuclear technology to a higher level, make nuclear weapons smaller and lighter for more tactical uses, develop various tactical nuclear weapons and continuously push ahead with the production of super-sized nuclear warheads.

It also set a goal of attaining an advanced capability for making a preemptive and
retaliatory nuclear strike by further raising the rate of precision good enough to strike and annihilate any strategic targets within the range of 15 000 kilometers with pinpoint accuracy. And it brought up the tasks to develop and introduce hypersonic gliding flight warheads in a short period, push ahead with the development of solid-fueled inter-continental underwater and ground ballistic rockets as scheduled, and possess a nuclear submarine and an underwater-launched nuclear strategic weapon.

It also decided to secure the ability of reconnaissance and information gathering
through the operation of a military reconnaissance satellite, and conduct in real earnest the research to develop reconnaissance drones and other means of reconnaissance capable of precisely reconnoitring up to 500 km deep into the front.

It defined it as the main task facing the sector of defence science at present to rapidly advance the Korean People’s Army from the conventional type into an elite hi-tech one by drastically developing the defence science and technology and inventing a larger number of advanced weapons and combat equipment. It set it as the priority target of the munitions industry to make military equipment intelligent, precise, unmanned, highly-performing and light and decided to orient research and development to this end. It also advanced the tasks for completing the preparations for all-people resistance, the matter of crucial importance that should never be neglected in firmly consolidating the national defence capability.

The major tasks for strengthening the national defence capability set forth at the
Eighth Congress of the WPK are an expression of its unshakable faith and will to
continuously strengthen the country's military capabilities until the vicious cycle of the brink of war and detente, tension and dialogue is removed once and for all and such words as threat and blackmail by the hostile forces disappear on this land, considering the situation in which the international balance of power is crumbling owing to the reckless arms buildup of the US and other hostile forces.

The single-hearted unity is a sure guarantee for the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to remain unperturbed in any political turmoil. Amidst the worst situation in the closing years of the last century, in which socialism collapsed one after another in many countries and the imperialist allied forces concentrated their anti-socialist offensive on the DPRK, the Korean people, united around their leader single-heartedly, defended the banner of socialism. Countries that claim to be strong may have collapsed in such hard trials of history, but the trials rather consolidated the political foundations of the single-hearted unity of the Korean society. 
The hostile forces are still intensifying their political and economic sanctions to
disintegrate socialist Korea, but the country is vigorously building itself into a 
powerful socialist country, surmounting all trials and challenges on the strength of 
single-hearted unity.

History and the reality vividly demonstrated how strong is the might of the 
single-hearted unity of Korea, where all the people and the leader share the same
ideas and destiny. 
The source of strength of this single-hearted unity is the affection bestowed on
its people by Kim Jong Un, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the

Kim Jong Un pursues politics of making selfless, devoted efforts for the good of
the people. His view on them is that everything exists only when they exist and
nothing is more precious than them. The source of miracle is the inexhaustible
strength of the people, not mysterious divine power, and nothing is impossible if
one relies on it–this is his political creed. 
Witnessing reconstruction in the areas hit by natural calamities, projects
conducted recently by the state, the international society realized how hard he
strives for the protection of the people’s lives and safety and for their happy and cultured life.
He inspected a disaster-stricken area before anybody else, consoled the victims, 
and did everything to provide them with wonderful living conditions; for them, he
was their benevolent father, who grieves over the misfortune of his children and
goes to great pains to provide them with a happier life. 
The Korean people are firmly rallied around their leader. 

No one can match the invincible Korean People’s Army, and what is the secret?
The first one is that the KPA has been led by outstanding leaders. 
President Kim Il Sung (1912-1994), who founded the KPA and defeated the US and 
Japanese imperialists in one generation, was an ever-victorious veteran commander and outstanding general recognized by the world. 
He brought the ferocious Japanese imperialists, so-called leader of Asia, to their knees and defeated the US imperialists who boasted of being “the strongest” in the world. 
Chairman Kim Jong Il (1942-2011) was a military commander who administered
unique Songun politics and, upholding the banner of Songun, achieved victory after
victory in the war without gunshots against the allied imperialist forces under the harsh circumstances created by them to isolate and suffocate the DPRK.  
Supreme Commander Kim Jong Un, who is carrying forward the cause of President
Kim Il Sung and Chairman Kim Jong Il, is a brilliant general possessed of outstanding military wisdom and art of command and unparalleled courage. He is gifted with outstanding military wisdom and seasoned commandership of specifying ever-victorious strategies and tactics even under the quite complicated situation, forestalling the aggressive provocation of war by the reckless imperialists with an uninterrupted attack and bringing victory without fighting. And he helps the masses of soldiers develop conviction in victory and unmatched courage, always finding himself among them, and takes care of their life with paternal affection. This is a trait of Kim Jong Un as a peerless strategist and military genius. 
The second one is that the KPA is strong in its political, ideological and military 
capabilities. Supreme Commander Kim Jong Un turns the KPA into steel-strong ranks firmly rallied through a sense of obligation and devotion, and is paying primary attention to the ideological and spiritual preparedness of the soldiers. 
Whenever he inspects military units, he visits the education rooms first, sometimes
seeing the soldiers’ artistic performances which reflected their ideological and spiritual preparedness, and other times stressing that the work of ideological education of the soldiers should be intensified. Thanks to his efforts, all the KPA soldiers are firmly armed with the spirit of defending their motherland and fellow people.  
The service personnel are firmly rallied around their Supreme Commander, and
possessed of ideological and spiritual preparedness with which to go through hell or high water to carry out his orders and directives.

The commanders are prepared to skillfully deal with any operations and battles; the 
rank and file are prepared physically and tactically through intensive training to carry out any combat missions; all the services and arms are equipped with modern weapons of high strike power and manoeuvrability, ready for both attack and defence with a powerful war deterrent, and capable of coping with modern warfare immediately and perfectly in any circumstances. It is not fortuitous that the hostile forces do not dare to attack the DPRK even though they consider it as a thorn in their flesh. 

The third one is the single-hearted unity and great army-people unity.
The unity between officers and men and between the army and people is a traditional feature unique to the KPA. 
The tradition of the unity, fully demonstrated from the first day of the KPA’s founding, has reached the highest level of its development thanks to the leadership of Supreme Commander Kim Jong Un.

The officers of the KPA pay close attention to the health and even slightest concerns
of the soldiers. There are a number of officers who rescued their soldiers sacrificing their lives in unexpected emergencies. The soldiers sincerely respect and faithfully follow such officers and regard it as part of their morality and conscience before being their duty to carry out orders and directives of the officers unconditionally and thoroughly. 
Often the officers and men sing and dance together during the breaks of training, a
vivid scene that shows the relations between them. 
The unity between the army and people is the great army-people unity based on strong and noble spirit displayed by the soldiers, not just the soldiers and people helping each other.

The army and people not only regard each other as family members, brothers and 
sisters and help each other but also share will, life and death. 
The KPA is playing the leading role in consolidating the army-people unity, the 
foundation of the DPRK society, doing many good things for the people under the slogan
“Let us help the people!” 

In recent years alone thanks to their devoted efforts monumental structures and bases of cultural and leisure activities like the Samjiyon area in the northern part, Jungphyong Vegetable Greenhouse Farm and Yangdok Hot Spring Resort have been built.  The Korean People’s Army under the leadership of Supreme Commander Kim Jong Un will further demonstrate its might as an invincible army.

Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is 
leading the development of his country by dint of far-sightedness.
A typical example is the line of self-reliance which he has emphasized in recent years. This line is based on a scientific analysis of and judgement on the present world and reality of the DPRK. The present situation of the world, where the high-handedness and arbitrariness of the imperialists are cutting a wide swath, clearly proves that any country cannot advance along the road of independent development which is safe and reliable by depending on foreign investments fraught with economic subordination and upheavals.
Furthermore, it is very important that the DPRK opts for a correct line of national
development under the extreme sanctions and blockade imposed by the US-led forces to isolate and stifle it. As long as the DPRK refuses to abandon its line of independent development, the sanction will be aggravated. Given the situation, Kim Jong Un confirmed that the banner the DPRK should hold up is only that of self-reliance. 
This line is not a temporary countermeasure against the hostile forces’ sanctions and blockade. In his first public address made in April 2012 he reviewed the turbulent century-long history of Korea, which had emerged as a world-class power from a weak, colonized nation, and confirmed that the permanent strategy of the Korean revolution and its final victory lay in marching straight along the road of independence, the road of Songun and the road of socialism. The whole course traversed by the DPRK for eight years under his leadership and the creations produced during those days verify the truth of self-reliance. 
The spirit of self-reliance is based on the Juche philosophy that man is the master of
his own destiny and he has the strength with which to carve out his own destiny.  
With the belief that peace on the Korean peninsula and the rest of the world can be
guaranteed only by strengthening the military capabilities for self-defence, Kim Jong Un has directed utmost attention to this end. He perceived with clairvoyance that since the long-drawn-out showdown between the DPRK and the US-led forces is not terminated the sovereignty and security of the country can be secured only by strengthening its self-defensive military power that no forces dare use its armed forces against, and built up a powerful war deterrent. The DPRK is now directing all its efforts to economic construction, unperturbed by any changing situation.

Even in the face of unprecedented trials and manifold difficulties, Kim Jong Un has
set forth correct policies to achieve a victorious breakthrough, full of optimism about final victory.

He ensures that the might of the spirit of self-reliance is given full play in the frontal
attack against the hostile forces’ sanctions through the efforts to put the national economy on a Juche-oriented, modern, IT and scientific footing, to ensure recycling in light industry, to reenergize the economic sectors by relying on domestic fuel and raw and other materials, and to increase production and practise economy to the maximum. 
The city of Samjiyon, Yangdok Hot Spring Resort, Jungphyong Vegetable Greenhouse Farm and Tree Nursery and Phalhyang Dam of the Orangchon Power Station that were inaugurated one after another at the close of last year are all miraculous products of the spirit of self-reliance. Nobody imagined that under the worst difficult situation the DPRK could undertake these grand construction projects in simultaneous and dimensional way and complete them. Believing in the might of the single-hearted unity and strength of the people, Kim Jong Un pushed ahead with these grand construction projects, translating the dream of people into reality.

Even in the face of all kinds of difficulties, Kim Jong Un maps out plans for the future with a confidence in final victory. With an insight into the position and role of Korean peninsula as a place of strategic importance–a bridge and gateway to the Asian continent–he paves a broad avenue for national prosperity. Construction of the Wonsan Kalma coast resort is now under way, and development project of world-renowned Mt Kumgang is on the table.

The Fifth Plenary Meeting of the Seventh Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea which advanced the line of smashing straight through all the barriers in the way of advance for socialist construction by dint of self-reliance served as an opportunity to witness statesmanship of Kim Jong Un as a leader of firm character. For victory in the agricultural front, set as a major thrust area in the campaign to smash straight through the sanctions imposed by the hostile forces, Kim Jong Un, as his first on-site guidance in the year 2020, visited the Sunchon Phosphatic Fertilizer Factory, which is now under construction by dint of self-reliance, wearing a bright smile on his face. His bright smile promises the future of Korea. 

Chairman Kim Jong Il (1942-2011) of the National Defence Commission of the 
DPRK, eternal leader of the Korean people, was an outstanding statesman and a great master of ideology and theory. 
He enriched the Juche idea, which brightens the road of opening up the human destiny, as the eternal guiding ideology of Korea and the cause of independence of the world. This ideological and theoretical asset is the most precious legacy he bequeathed to the people of Korea and the world.

The Juche idea authored by Kim Il Sung and developed by Kim Jong Il is a thought
which, on the basis of a scientific elucidation that man is the master of the world and plays the decisive role in transforming the world, shows the way for the masses of the people, the motive force of history, to shape their own destiny by their own efforts. As soon as his work On the Juche Idea (March 31, 1982) in which the Juche idea is integrated and systematized was published, it evoked a great response; the work was reported by about 10 million copies of publications in over 90 countries and was published in a pamphlet form in over 140 countries in less than a year after its release.

A French professor said: Lenin praised The Communist Manifesto by Marx and Engels is the song of songs singing communism; if Lenin’s method of description is borrowed, Kim Jong Il’s On the Juche Idea will be the song of songs singing the true human cause, the song of songs singing the dignity and value of human being and the true ideals and endless prosperity of mankind. 
Many figures of capitalist countries, who had regarded the bourgeois philosophy as
their ideals, were enthralled by the encyclopedic work, and became followers of the 
Juche idea.

Pierre Boudot, who was a director of the International Institute of the Juche Idea,
wrote to his colleagues as follows: 
“This is my sincere request, it is not too late to abandon the deep-rooted European
arrogance and prejudice against Asia, and learn the Juche idea of Korea if you want to explore the truth with the conscience of a scholar and an intellectual.” 
In fact, the international community is looking on Korea with admiration, a country
which finds solutions to all problems by relying on its own strength as required by the Juche idea and in conformity with its specific situation and regards independence as its lifeblood. 

The Juche idea, as a great leading ideology of the era of independence, is encouraging the progressive peoples of the world along the road of independence. A key aspect of his ideological and theoretical achievements is that he gave a comprehensive answer to all the theoretical and practical problems arising in implementing the cause of independence of the masses, the socialist cause, when the progressive peoples were wandering about in the face of temporary difficulties. 
In the end of the 20 th century, owing to the manoeuvres of the imperialists and
renegades of socialism, the socialist cause experienced temporary frustration and crisis; claiming about the “end” of socialism, they clamoured that the ideals of socialism were wrong and making the socialist revolution was wrong as well. This caused ideological unrest and confusion among some people, and some countries which had been aspiring after socialism vacillated. 

At this time Kim Jong Il instilled in the progressive peoples of the world confidence in victory of the socialist cause through his energetic ideological and theoretical activities. His works including The Historical Lesson in Building Socialism and the General Line of Our Party, Abuses of Socialism Are Intolerable and Socialism Is a Science became a beacon light for the people and a sledgehammer that crushed all forms of injustice and sophistry. This provided an unshakable foundation for the socialist idea, and cleansed the tarnished image of socialism. 

The leader of a political party of Russia said:
“During the harsh days when socialism was frustrated and anti-socialist manoeuvres of the imperialists and reactionaries became extreme, who dared to write even an article on safeguarding and rebuilding socialism? Only Comrade Kim Jong Il advanced many ideas and theories for the development of the socialist movement of the world and applied them in practice. Herein lie the greatest achievements of Comrade Kim Jong Il as the saviour and defender of socialism.” 
Saying that his ideology ensures victory of the socialist cause and the cause of
independence of mankind, many political parties and peoples are striving to study and embody his ideas and theories.  
Today, the struggle of the people who aspire after independence is being intensified in all parts of the world. 
The legacy left by Chairman Kim Jong Il will shine for ever along with the victorious
advance of the cause of global independence.

The Korean People’s Army, the regular armed force of the DPRK, was founded on 
February 8, 1948.
The founding of the Korean People’s Army provided the country with military 
guarantee for following the road of independent development. The Korean People’s Revolutionary Army, the KPA’s predecessor, was founded on April 25, 1932 by Kim Il Sung, eternal President of the DPRK, when Korea was under the Japanese military occupation (1905-1945). Under his command, the KPRA, though it enjoyed no backing of a state and support of a regular army, waged a bloody guerrilla warfare against the one-million-strong Kwantung Army of Japan, which had been claiming to be the leader of Asia, and liberated the country on August 15, 1945. 
After liberation, Kim Il Sung stepped up building a regular armed force by the efforts of the country itself on the basis of the rich experiences in army building created in the flames of the anti-Japanese armed struggle.

Building a regular army of the nation was essential at that time for the establishment of a fully independent and sovereign state after liberation; it also emerged as an urgent task in view of the fact that the US stationed its aggressor troops in the southern half in an attempt to occupy the whole territory of Korea. 
As the personnel who could command a regular army were in short supply,     
Kim Il Sung enlisted most of the anti-Japanese war veterans in building the army, and saw to it that they not only became the backbone of the army to be built but played a pivotal role in training military cadres. 

In order to train the military and political cadres indispensable in the establishment of regular armed forces, he ensured that regular military educational institutes were built and expanded.

As a result, the Pyongyang Institute was established as the first regular institute of 
military education and the first base for training political and military officers for the
building of a modern regular army. Later its function of training military cadres was transferred to the Central Security Officers School set up to train military cadres of different arms and corps. He gave field guidance at this school on several occasions, giving instructions on conducting military education not in any other’s way but in the Korean way. At that time opinions varied at the school concerning the contents of military education, some people saying this country’s were good and others saying that country’s were good. 

Defining these contents at this school was the core in training cadres for the regular
armed forces to be organized later. But some people were trying to mechanically adopt others’. Kim Il Sung said to them: You must never copy others’ mechanically, but educate the cadets in line with the actual conditions in our country based on your own opinions. We are going to found a new type of regular army, so education must be conducted in our own way.

At another time after inquiring about the state of school education, he said to teachers of the KPRA origin that they should impart military techniques in our own way and play the role of backbone in school education, and that only when the cadets were given proper education can they train our army in our own way after their graduation. And saying that the cadres who would form the backbone of the regular army should be trained by ourselves and that this was the only way of training the core personnel faithful to the Korean revolution and founding a genuine army of the new Korea, he paid close attention to organizing the navy and air force. 

After its founding, the Korean People’s Army defended the country’s sovereignty and dignity with honour against the aggression of the allied imperialist forces in the early 1950s, and since then it has demonstrated to the whole world its might while foiling the military threats and provocations by the hostile forces at every step and defending peace on the Korean peninsula creditably. 
Kim Il Sung’s achievements will shine for ever along with the founding of the regular armed force of the DPRK.

The Eighth Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea took place between January 5 and 12, 2021, in Pyongyang, the capital of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

The congress elected Kim Jong Un as general secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea, in reflection of the unanimous will and wish of all the delegates, all the Party members, other people across the country and servicepersons of the Korean People’s Army, for the sake of the development of the Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist party and the fresh victorious advance of the revolutionary cause of Juche.

The congress reviewed the revolutionary work of the past five years, made a scientific analysis of the trend of the developing revolution and the demands of the prevailing objective and subjective situations, and, based on it, decided a new line of struggle and strategic and tactical policies for strengthening the Party and making a radical leap forward in socialist construction.

General Secretary Kim Jong Un clarified the main idea and main spirit of the Eighth Congress of the WPK and stressed that the entire Party should adhere more strictly to the ideals of “The people are God,” single-hearted unity and self-reliance.

The Eighth Congress of%