February 16 is the birthday of Chairman Kim Jong Il of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Commemorating his birthday, peoples of the world recall him with deep respect and emotion. He was a veteran statesman who achieved great exploits for the socialist cause. In the late 20th century, when socialism collapsed in several countries, he made public many works such as The Historic Lesson in Building Socialism and the General Line of Our Party, Abuses of Socialism Are Intolerable and Socialism Is a Science, proving in a scientific way the truthfulness of socialism and the inevitability of its triumph. He firmly defended the Korean style of socialism by dint of unique Songun politics.
By strengthening his country’s military capabilities for self-defence in everyway, he smashed the enemies’ manoeuvres to frustrate the country militarily and provided a springboard for building a powerful socialist country. In those days, VOA reported as follows: Chairman Kim Jong Il is a unique political leader unheard-of so far in the world; he must be recognized as a socialist statesman and military leader possessed of absolute faith in and loyalty to socialism and of tenacity.
Wakabayashi, a Japanese political figure, said; “Chairman Kim Jong Il is surely an outstanding statesman, who is principled, stout and who adroitly combines strength and elasticity, and a marvellous strategist, who defeats his enemy without fighting.”
Kim Jong Il made a great contribution to the accomplishment of the cause of
global independence. Visiting China several times, he further promoted the common cause of developing traditional friendship between the peoples of the two countries and of defending socialism and global peace.
His visit to Russia in August 2001 and adoption of the DPRK-Russia Moscow Declaration was a historic event that dealt a serious blow to the manoeuvres of the imperialists to make the whole world unipolar one based on the superiority of strength.
By achieving international unity with all countries, which were opposed to war and aspired after peace, by transcending differences in ideas, political views, nationalities and religious beliefs, he gave great impetus to the accomplishment of the cause of global independence.
All who met him were attracted to his unique political qualifications and magnanimity.
Goran Persson, president of the European Council and prime minister of Sweden, who headed a top-level delegation of the EU to the DPRK, said: Chairman Kim Jong Il is the most excellent leader of all the heads of state I have ever met.
Madeleine Albright, the then US Secretary of State, on her return from a visit to Pyongyang with an entourage of over 200 persons in late October 2000, submitted a report to President Clinton, which reads in part: Kim Jong Il is completely different from what we have so far thought of him; his theories are systematic and logical; he not only has mastered the complicated international issues of the present days but also is accurate in analysis and judgement and is magnanimous, broad-minded and clear-cut in dealing with issues; it is entertaining to have talks with Kim Jong Il for he listens to his dialogue partner to the last in a prudent manner and with great attention and shows himself to be magnanimous; it is accordingly inevitable to be drawn deep into his theories and assertions during negotiations; all in all, I could not but admit that Kim Jong Il is a leader of great versatility who is clear in the theories of and self-confident in the wide-ranging fields of politics, the economy, culture, military affairs, and diplomacy and is broad-minded and scrupulous.
Despite From olden times it has been said that a man who loves children is
honest-minded and righteous, and the country that enforces the policy of loving
children is the most beautiful one.
The realities in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea give a clear understanding of the true meaning of this saying.
Kim Jong Un, President of the State Affairs of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, loves children very much.
When the new Pyongyang Orphanage and Baby Home were under construction,
people except relevant officials and residents living nearby did not know where their previous buildings were.
One February day in 2014 he visited the old Pyongyang Orphanage and Baby Home without a prior notice. Embracing the children who were approaching, saying “Father!” he asked “How old are you?” “Are you fine?” He stressed that the children with no parents were also the successors to our revolution and pillars of our future. That year, greeting the International Children’s Day, he visited the Pyongyang Orphanage again, and said: When the laughter of children rings aloud, the whole country becomes bright; now the Workers’ Party of Korea is having a modern orphanage and baby home built on the Taedong riverside; these children will celebrate the following June 1, the International Children’s Day, at the newly-built orphanage.
On the morning of New Year’s Day in 2015, he visited the orphanage again to wish the children a happy new year. That day he said that while looking round the newly-built orphanage and baby home in October the previous year he had made a promise to come there on the coming New Year’s Day, and that to keep his promise, he came there soon after he delivered the new year address.
One year, while visiting the Wonsan Orphanage and Baby Home that were to be
inaugurated, he said with great satisfaction: Such marvellous and handsome structures would be difficult to be found elsewhere in the world; the parentless children will grow up brightly and cheerfully, calling the Party and motherland their father and mother, to become trustworthy pillars of the country; a mere thought of it makes me to harden the determination to sweat more and spare nothing for the sake of the coming generations.
Kim Jong Un is working with devotion to build a beautiful country where all the children will grow stoutly and beautifully without any worry.
On March 23 and 24, the last session of the 461th General Meeting of the UN Human Rights Council, situated in Geneva, was held. The main agenda item was to adopt a “resolution” against the Democratic People’s Republic Korea. The draft “resolution” was jointly proposed by 43 countries including the US, EU, UK, Japan and Australia.
When the West was pitching high their voice of denouncing the DPRK’s “human
rights situation,” a groundbreaking ceremony took place on March 23 for the
construction of 10 000 flats in Pyongyang, the capital city of the DPRK. These flats,
which will be built within this year as part of the project for building 50 000 flats in the capital city during the new five-year plan period, will be provided to its citizens free of charge. And a measure was taken to build 800 characteristic terraced houses on the Pothong riverside independently from the project and make labour innovators and persons of meritorious service in various sectors, scientists, educationalists, writers and other working people presents of these houses.
Is this a mere coincidence of time? Isn’t this an immediate answer to the assertion on the “deteriorating human rights situation in the DPRK” clamoured about by the 43 co-sponsors of the proposal?
In fact, this country builds excellent houses every year at huge state expense and
provides them to working people free of charge. Last year, when disastrous typhoons and heavy rainfalls hit various parts of the country, the government had 20 000 modern houses built in a matter of few months by enlisting all its potential, and the flood victims moved to new houses before the approaching winter season, free of charge at that.
In contrast, Japan, one of the co-sponsors, was yet to free 50 000 earthquake victims from nine-year life as refugees as of last year. Worse still, there can be found many homeless people in most of the 43 co-sponsors.
Through the housing issue alone, an important item in ensuring human rights, it is
evident that the DPRK is incomparably more advanced than the above-mentioned
Then, what is the purport of the West’s boisterous smear campaign that the human
rights situation of the DPRK is “poor”?
The answer is clear. Their real intention is to tarnish its image and isolate it in the
international community and justify their schemes to crush it under the mask of
“champions of human rights.”
Can the schemes be realized?
The mere coincidence of the events that occurred nearly at the same time in the
western and eastern hemispheres on the earth in late March this year awakened the
international community once again.
Nearly ten years have elapsed since President Kim Jong Un of the State Affairs of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea began to lead his country by inheriting the cause of Chairman Kim Jong Il of the National Defence Commission.
One saying has it that ten years change the looks of mountains and rivers. During the last decade the DPRK has achieved world-startling changes one after another.
It can be said that these achievements are the fruition of Kim Jong Un’s politics.
Kim Jong Un has reflected the people-friendly and people-loving character in the
politics of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea.
“Everything for the people and everything by relying on them!”—this is a slogan he
put forward, and the political philosophy of the ruling party and the state is the
His people-loving politics is not something like seeking fame or achieving successes
habitually pursued by the Western politicians in general.
Last year when typhoons and flooding hit different areas of the country, Kim Jong Un personally drove his car to the spots. In this country, where a well-regulated working system has been established, the leader could learn the actual situations and take appropriate measures without giving personal field guidance. But he refused to do so.
He did not hesitate to drive his car on the roads that became slippery and muddy by heavy rainfalls or to dangerous areas where the swell of typhoons was yet to be removed.
He met and consoled the victims and raised fallen rice plants with his hands. The
appearance of the leader, who goes closer to the people suffering from trials, moved the world.
This is how the country, though it was in a difficult situation owing to the persistent
harsh sanctions imposed by the hostile forces and to the world health crisis, could build tens of thousands of new houses more splendid than their original ones in a matter of a few months, thus stabilizing the victims’ living as soon as possible.
Over the last decade streets and bases for cultural and leisure activities have been built in various parts of the country, dramatically changing its appearance. All these are born by his politics of loving the people.
This year, too, the situation surrounding the country is still arduous, but an
unprecedented, grand construction projects are under way. Kim Jong Un is determined to have many houses built in different parts of the country in the period of new five-year plan for national economic development, particularly 10 000 flats in the capital city every year in this period, so as to improve the people’s living standards more satisfactorily.
It is quite natural that the single-hearted unity, in which the leader and the people
share the same ideology and destiny, is being cemented rock-solid across the country, and so is the fact that the country is recognized as a political power unperturbed by any storms.
High Level of Political Diplomacy
The recent political diplomacy of the DPRK mirrors the charisma of Kim Jong Un
who is strong and yet flexible in diplomacy.
When it is regarded as the superior tactics in politics and diplomacy to attain a desired goal by properly combining strong and flexible and leading the counterpart to make compromise, it can be said that Kim Jong Un is a statesman who raises his country’s international prestige to the highest stage through unpredictable, free and brisk political diplomacy.
The DPRK government’s hard-line approaches and measures for defending the
country’s dignity and interests are all indicative of his strong temperament.
Kim Jong Un, who is known to the world as a leader unyielding and strong in
principle, is not a politician who only follows a one-sided, hard-line policy. He is an
adroit and seasoned politician who makes the most of the rhythm of the strong.
What is noteworthy in the remarkable successes the DPRK achieved in the last decade is that it definitely secured the position of a strategic state which can defend peace in northeast Asia and the rest of the world.
To remove the potential crisis lingering on the Korean peninsula, in which an accidental spark may escalate into a world nuclear war, the DPRK demanded several
times that the US and the country should replace the Korean Armistice Agreement with a peace pact and that the US should withdraw its hostile policy toward it. However, it all fell on deaf ears. The US rather raised the intensity of the economic sanctions and military pressure upon it on the strength of its own enormous economic and military capabilities.
There is a saying, “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.”
He made a resolute determination to remove the source of the danger of war on the Korean peninsula and guarantee the safety of the state and the people in the most convincing way. Thanks to his persevering and strenuous efforts, the country possessed nuclear weapons with which to counter the nuclear weapons of the US.
The country has become a strategic state, both in name and reality, which can not only control the situation around it but also take the lead in defending regional and global peace with its perfect and powerful war deterrent
As he placed the status of his country definitely on that of a military power that no one can belittle, he is now devoting his all to provide his people with a more cultured and happier life by making his country a powerful socialist one at the earliest possible date.
Seeing the country getting more prosperous and united more firmly internally and
getting more conspicuous in the international arena externally, the international
community is now anticipating the emergence of a new superpower.
Despite the protracted and ever-growing economic blockade and military threats by
the hostile forces that are not happy with its independent advance and development, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is steadfastly following the road of its development. Moreover, the country is dynamically advancing to achieve the ambitious objective for building itself into a powerful socialist country.
This eye-opening reality is unthinkable separated from the leadership of Kim Jong Un, president of the State Affairs of the DPRK.
The international community regards the DPRK leader as a leader of strong will.
At the Fifth Plenary Meeting of the Seventh Central Committee of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea held in December 2019, Kim Jong Un said that a fierce confrontation with the enemy is always accompanied by the work of strengthening one’s own forces and one can take the initiative in the confrontation and achieve victory only when one gives priority to strengthening oneself. And he advanced the slogan “Let us smash straight through all the barriers hampering our advance!”
He led all the people in the frontal attack for achieving a breakthrough, so as to
frustrate the hostile forces’ blockade on the strength of self-reliance. He encouraged all the units of the national economy to push ahead with sustainable development of the country by relying on domestic raw materials and resources and by constantly exploring and utilizing internal potentials and internal dynamic force. He ensured that the military capability of the country for self-defence was further bolstered up to cope with the military challenge by the hostile forces.
For the country, 2020 was a year of unexpected disasters; it had to conduct the
epidemic prevention work in the face of the worldwide health crisis and, at the same time, rehabilitate the areas hit by unprecedentedly severe flooding and subsequent typhoons.
Giving absolute priority to protecting the people’s lives and security, Kim Jong Un ensured that the epidemic prevention efforts were intensified; he also saw to it that rehabilitation projects were conducted simultaneously in the disaster-stricken areas of the country. Having successfully overcome all the difficulties, he unfolded a blueprint for bringing about a brighter future; when he visited the Komdok area, a leading nonferrous mineral producer of the country, which had been devastated by the natural disaster, he set forth a long-term goal to turn it into a world-class gorge town instead of merely rehabilitating the area.
Foreigners on a visit to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea are surprised to
see that the reality of the country is quite different from how it is described by the West.
In fact, it is almost impossible to find an article which fairly assesses the reality of the country in the publications of the Western countries including the US.
Then, why does the West deny its reality? It is necessary to observe its reality in
comparison to the reality in the West. Every citizen in the DPRK has a right to elect and to be elected. Workers, farmers and intellectuals can be elected deputies to people’s assemblies at all levels including the Supreme People’s Assembly (Parliament in the Western countries), and participate directly in the state administration. In the West, however, the right to elect and to be elected is granted according to the duration of residence and property status. It is rare that workers and peasants are elected to the Parliament or local councils.
Unemployment always exists in any Western country no matter how developed it may be, but there is no word unemployment in the DPRK. The state provides all citizens of working age with suitable jobs according to their wishes and aptitudes.
There are no homeless people in the country. The state provides houses to the working people free of charge. Ordinary workers and office employees live in the excellent apartment houses in Mirae Scientists and Ryomyong streets in Pyongyang, which are admired by many people in the world. When flooding hit the country last year, the state built new houses for the flood victims through an all-out drive. The newly-built houses numbered over 20 000.
The Korean people are not concerned about nursing, education and medical treatment. The state bears the whole burden of looking after and bringing up children. University and extracurricular educations, to say nothing of primary and secondary educations, are free. The state enforces universal 12-year compulsory education, which is a high level in the world. Ri (dong), which is the lowest administrative unit in the country, has a hospital or clinic, and residents have doctors assigned to them. Anyone receives free medical care.
Such facts, if known to the international community, will be nothing but the biggest
trouble for those who are trying to isolate and stifle the DPRK. That is why the West is so enthusiastic about tarnishing the image of the DPRK.
Esteemed Comrade Gustav Husak,
Esteemed Comrade Lubomir Strougal,
Esteemed guests from Czechoslovakia,
Dear comrades and friends,
The people at all levels in Pyongyang City have gathered here today, overjoyed to welcome you, goodwill envoys from the brotherly country of Czechoslovakia.
In the name of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Korean people, I should like first to repeat my warm welcome to the Party and Government delegation of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic led by Comrade Gustav Husak,
general secretary of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak Communist Party.
Allow me also to convey, through you, the Korean people’s warm greetings of fraternal friendship to the Czechoslovak people.
We highly appreciate the visit to our country by a Party and Government delegation of the highest level from Czechoslovakia as an expression of the deep friendship cherished by the Czechoslovak people for our people, and as a manifestation of
firm solidarity with our struggle for socialist construction and national reunification.
Your present visit to our country marks a milestone in deepening mutual understanding between the peoples of the two countries and raising their relations of friendship and cooperation to a new stage. Our meeting with you has given us a better understanding of the course of arduous yet brilliant struggle traversed by the
Czechoslovak people, their achievements in the building of socialism and the future of the struggle of your Party and people.
As a people living in the heart of the European Continent, plagued throughout history by conflicts between nations, the Czechoslovak people fought protracted and dynamic battles against foreign invaders and for national independence and social emancipation. In the hard days when the Hitlerite fascists were occupying the country, the communists and patriotic people of Czechoslovakia carried out a gallant anti-fascist fight for liberation with arms in their hands. Even after fascist Germany was routed and the country liberated, the Czechoslovak people have followed the complicated road of struggle. The Czechoslovak people, who took the road towards socialism following the February Victory in 1948, have turned their country into a socialist state with a developed industry in a short time by displaying patriotic devotion and creative activity and safeguarded their gains of revolution, shattering the repeated subversive and destructive plans of the class enemies.
Under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak Communist Party headed by Comrade Gustav Husak the Czechoslovak people are now making great strides in their endeavors to achieve further progress in the national
economy, raise the people’s living standards and overfulfil the Fifth Five-Year Plan, in accordance with the programme of the 14th Congress of the Czechoslovak Communist Party to consolidate and develop the socialist society more fully.
Czechoslovakia is daily expanding the sphere of its activities in the field of international relations, too. Our people heartily rejoice over all the successes made by the brotherly Czechoslovak people in the building of a new society and sincerely wish them ever greater victory in their future work. Our people also express solidarity with the Communist Party, Government and people of Czechoslovakia in their efforts against the imperialists’ war policy and for peace and security in Europe.
Through their own experiences our people well know that the road to socialism is by no means a smooth one. After liberation our people embarked on the building of a new society under the difficult situation in which our country was divided into two parts because of the US imperialist occupation of south Korea. Under our Party’s leadership, our people, frustrating the ceaseless intrigues of US imperialism and its running dogs to provoke aggression and war, have turned their once backward country into an advanced socialist state in a short time, by successfully carrying out the democratic revolution and the socialist revolution and building an independent national economy.
Upholding the grand programme mapped out by the Fifth Congress of the Party, our people are now achieving a great revolutionary advance on all fronts of socialist construction to fulfil ahead of schedule the Six-Year Plan and the three major
tasks of the technological revolution and to achieve the independent, peaceful reunification of the country, while accelerating the revolutionization and the working-classization of the whole of society by giving priority to the ideological
revolution. Korea and Czechoslovakia embarked on the building of socialism under different conditions after the Second World War, but the common experience accumulated by the two countries clearly demonstrates that the only way to bring the working people genuine freedom and independence, happiness and prosperity is to take the road to socialism.
The Korean and Czechoslovak peoples have long maintained firm ties of friendship and have cooperated closely for the common goal of opposition to imperialism and for the victory of the cause of peace and socialism. This friendship based on the
principles of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism displayed greater vitality whenever the two peoples faced difficulties and trials in the way of their advance.
The Czechoslovak people rendered great assistance, both material and moral, to our people during the Fatherland Liberation War against the US imperialist aggressors and during the period of postwar rehabilitation and construction. We shall always remember this.
The Czechoslovak people are still giving active support and assistance to our people’s struggle to build socialism and achieve the independent, peaceful reunification of the country. Some time ago the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, in its reply to the letter addressed by our Supreme
People’s Assembly to the parliaments and governments of all countries, positively recognized our policy of peaceful reunification and gave assurances that it would continue to render active support and assistance to our people’s just cause.
I take advantage of this opportunity today to express my profound thanks again to Comrade Gustav Husak and the Communist Party, Government and people of Czechoslovakia for their brotherly support and assistance to our people.
As is shown by the current visit of the Party and Government delegation of Czechoslovakia to this country, the relationship between our two countries keeps developing favourably and their internationalist solidarity is growing in strength.
The strengthening of unity amongst socialist countries contributes to increasing the might of socialism as a whole and shows that the position of world socialism is sound. Our people will, in the future, too, carry out the revolution and construction in our country well and thereby faithfully discharge their national and international duties.
Comrades and friends,
Today the international situation is developing in favour of socialism and the revolutionary forces and to the disadvantage of imperialism and the reactionary forces. In the face of the growing forces of socialism and the national-liberation, working-class and democratic movements, imperialism is on the decline and is finding itself in a more difficult situation with every passing day. To find a way out, the imperialists are resorting to more cunning double-dealing tactics.
The United States is carrying on aggressive and interventionist activities in many parts of the world under the pretence of “peace” and is trying to maintain its colonial domination by suppressing small nations by force while improving its relations with big ones. This is fully proved by its aggressive actions and intervention against Korea, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, a number of Arab countries, Cuba and many other nations of the world.
The United States wants to hold on to south Korea for ever as a major stronghold to save its colonial ruling system which is falling into total disarray in Asia.
Adopting two-faced tactics under the “Nixon doctrine,” the United States is not willing to desist from its plans to instigate south Korea’s bellicose elements to make Koreans fight Koreans, perpetuate the division of Korea and create two Koreas, even
after the North-South Joint Statement was published and dialogue started between the two parts of Korea.
In step with these US machinations, the south Korean authorities are also employing double-dealing tactics. They are scheming to perpetuate the division of the nation and are exerting every effort to reinforce their military strength, claiming to
practice “peaceful reunification” on the one hand and, on the other, openly clamouring for “confrontation with dialogue,” “competition with dialogue” and “coexistence with dialogue.” Because of all this the dialogue between the north and south of Korea is not progressing as it should and a big obstacle still lies in the way to reunification, despite the consistent, sincere efforts of our Party and the Government of our Republic for the country’s independent, peaceful reunification. Consequently the bright prospect for national reunification which was opened
before our nation when the historic North-South Joint Statement was published a year ago is being damaged. Because of our earnest desire to get over the difficult situation created today and bring about the people’s long-cherished aspiration for peaceful national reunification as soon as possible, we hereby reaffirm before the world the policy of our Party and the Government of our Republic for independent, peaceful reunification:
1. To improve the present relations between the north and south of Korea and accelerate the peaceful reunification of the country, it is necessary, first of all, to eliminate military confrontation and ease tension between the north and south.
To remove military confrontation and alleviate tension between the north and south is a matter of pressing urgency and vital importance at present in dispelling the misunderstanding and mistrust and deepening mutual understanding and trust,
creating an atmosphere of great national unity, ameliorating the relations between the north and south and bringing about the peaceful reunification of the country.
The military confrontation between the north and south with huge armed forces in itself constitutes not only a major factor which threatens peace in our country but also a source of misunderstanding and mistrust.
Only when this fundamental question is solved can tension and mistrust between the north and south be removed, a climate of trust be created and all problems be settled successfully on the basis of mutual trust. It is unnatural to advocate peaceful
reunification and hold a dialogue, with a dagger in one’s pocket.
Unless the dagger is taken out and laid down, it is impossible to create an atmosphere of mutual trust or find satisfactory solutions to any problems, large or small, related to the country’s reunification, including that of achieving collaboration and interchange between the north and south.
Therefore, as the first step for the peaceful reunification of the country, we have more than once advanced to the south Korean authorities the five-point proposal: to cease the reinforcement of armies and the arms race, make all foreign troops withdraw, reduce armed forces and armaments, stop the introduction of weapons from abroad and to conclude a peace agreement. However, the south Korean authorities are determined to postpone the solution of this urgent problem and gradually solve matters of secondary importance through different stages.
Actually this is intended not to increase mutual trust and promote great national unity, but to maintain and freeze the territorial division, keeping the painful wound of national partition unhealed.
If they truly desire peaceful reunification and seek the practical solution of the reunification question, the south Korean authorities must renounce this position and take the course of removing military confrontation.
2. To improve north-south relations and expedite the country’s reunification, it is necessary to bring about multilateral collaboration and interchange between the north and south in the political, military, diplomatic, economic and cultural fields.
Multilateral collaboration and interchange between the north and south are of tremendous importance in reuniting the severed ties of the nation and providing preconditions for reunification. Only when such collaboration and interchange are brought about, will it be possible to consolidate the peace agreement to be concluded between the north and south.
The south Korean authorities propose in words that both sides “completely open” their societies to each other, but in actual fact they are afraid of tearing down any of the barriers between the north and south and are dead set against interchange and
collaboration between the two parts of the country.
The south Korean authorities are not collaborating with their fellow countrymen now; in collusion with outside forces, they are bringing in foreign monopoly capital without limit to reduce the south Korean economy completely to a dependent economy. They are even spoiling our beautiful land by introducing polluting industries which are rejected as "rubbish" in foreign countries.
We again emphasize that if the south Korean authorities have a spark of national conscience, they should obviously strive to develop the economy in the interests of our nation through the joint exploitation of our country’s natural resources and bring about national collaboration in all spheres.
3. In order to settle the question of the country’s reunification in conformity with the will and demand of our people, it is necessary to enable the masses of people of all levels in the north and south to participate in the nationwide patriotic work for
national reunification. We consider that the dialogue between the north and south for national reunification should not be confined to the authorities of the north and south but should be held on a nationwide scale. To this end, we propose convening a Great National Congress composed of representatives of people of all walks of life–the workers, working peasants, working intellectuals, students and soldiers in the north, and the workers, peasants, students, intellectuals, military personnel, national capitalists and petty bourgeoisie in south Korea–and the representatives of political parties and social organizations in the north and south, and comprehensively discuss and solve the question of the country’s reunification at this congress.
4. In speeding up the country’s reunification it is very important, today, to institute a north-south federation under the name of a single country.
It goes without saying that there may be various ways to achieve the complete reunification of the country. Under the prevailing conditions we think that the most
reasonable way for reunification is to convene the Great National Congress and achieve national unity, and on this basis, institute the north-south federation, leaving the two existing social systems in the north and south as they are for the time being. If the north-south federation is instituted, it will be good to call this federal state the Federal Republic of Koryo after Koryo, a united state which once existed on our territory and was widely known to the world. This will be a good name for the state, and acceptable to both the north and south.
The founding of the Federal Republic of Koryo will open up a decisive phase in preventing national partition, bringing about all-round contact and collaboration between the north and south and in hastening complete reunification.
5. We consider that our country should be prevented from being partitioned into “two Koreas” permanently as a result of the freezing of national division and that the north and south should also work together in the field of external affairs.
Of course we are developing state relations with all countries friendly to our Republic on the principle of equality and mutual benefit; but we resolutely oppose all intrigues designed to make use of this to create “two Koreas.” We maintain that the north and south should not enter the UN separately, and consider that if they want to enter the UN before the reunification of the country, they should enter it as a single state under the name of the Federal Republic of Koryo, at least after the federation is set up. But apart from the question of admission to the UN, if the
Korean question is placed on its agenda for discussion, the representative of our Republic should be entitled to take part in it and speak as the party concerned.
Our people are a single people who have lived with the same culture and the same language through many centuries, and they cannot live separated into two parts.
Our proposal is to remove military confrontation and ease tension between the north and south, bring about multilateral collaboration and interchange between the two parts, convene the Great National Congress composed of representatives of people of all levels and political parties and social organizations in the north and south, institute the north-south federation under the single name of the Federal Republic of Koryo and enter the UN under that name. When this proposal for the country’s reunification is put into effect, there will be a great improvement in accomplishing the historic cause of peaceful national reunification on the principle of the North-South Joint Statement, as commonly desired by our people and the world’s people. We expect the south Korean authorities to approach this new
fair proposal of ours for reunification sincerely.
At the same time we strongly demand that the United States face up to the rapidly changing situation of today, withdraw its troops from south Korea as soon as practicable and discontinue its aggression and intervention against our country. If the United States thinks that it can swallow small nations one by one, while improving its relations with big powers only, or maintain its colonial domination by propping up its minions, already forsaken by the people, under the slogan of “anti-communism,” it is seriously mistaken. This policy of the United States is more likely to arouse the resistance and hatred of the majority of the world’s people and hasten its ruin. We think that the UN should now strike at the United States’ scheme to justify the occupation of south Korea by its troops under the pretext of the UN “resolution.” The UN must take the “UN forces” helmets off the US troops
in south Korea, make them withdraw and dissolve the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea and thus remove all the obstacles it has raised to hamper the independent, peaceful reunification of Korea, in keeping with the trend of the present times towards independence and peace.
This is demanded by the general world situation. It is the Japanese militarists who are still working desperately in the international arena as the most active followers of the US imperialists in their ill-fated plots to meddle in our internal affairs. We again warn the Japanese militarists that they must also face facts squarely, give up their hostile policy against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and desist from their cunning attempts to seize an opportunity to give effect to their wild desire to invade south Korea again. Comrades and friends, The Korean people’s righteous struggle to reject foreign interference and achieve the country’s independent, peaceful reunification enjoys the support and encouragement of the
peoples of socialist countries, the peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America and all the peace-loving people of the world. Our Party and people always regard it as an important factor for the victory of our revolution to cement their solidarity with
the international revolutionary forces, while firmly building up their own revolutionary forces. In the future, too, we shall fight staunchly for the triumph of
the cause of peace and democracy, national independence and socialism, in unity with the peoples of socialist countries, in unity with the international working class, in unity with the fighting Asian, African and Latin-American peoples and in unity with all the peace-loving people of the world, upholding the banner of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism, the revolutionary banner of anti-imperialist struggle. The Korean people strongly support the Vietnamese people in
the new phase of their struggle to ensure the strict observance of the Paris Agreement on Vietnam, build socialism in the north, defend peace, independence and sovereignty in the south and reunify their country peacefully.
We also express firm solidarity with the Laotian people in their struggle to preserve peace in Laos and achieve national harmony and the reunification of their country.
Today the United States is expanding its war of aggression in Cambodia, raining down large quantities of bombs every hour of every day, but it is only destroying its prestige and dignity with its own bombs and revealing its savagery more clearly. We
sternly condemn the United States for its war of aggression against Cambodia and express full support to the patriotic Cambodian people’s just fight for the complete liberation of their country.
The Korean people actively support the struggle of all Asian peoples against the aggression of US imperialism and the revival of Japanese militarism and resolutely support the struggle of the Palestinian people and other Arab peoples against the US-backed aggressors of Israel.
Our people actively support the struggle of the African peoples against imperialism, colonialism and racism and for freedom, liberation and consolidated national independence and express firm solidarity with the struggle of the Latin-American
peoples against the aggression and intervention of US imperialism and for defending the sovereignty, territorial waters and natural resources of their countries.
The Korean people express firm solidarity with the struggle of the working class and working people of the capitalist countries against exploitation and oppression by capital and for democratic rights and socialism.
The people in Europe have waged a protracted struggle to remove the root cause of war and guarantee durable peace and security in this continent which was the breeding ground of the two world wars.
We express full support to the endeavours of the European socialist countries and the peoples of other countries in Europe for peace and security in this part of the world.
We shall, in the future, too, continue to do all we can to promote fraternal friendship and solidarity between the Korean and Czechoslovak peoples in the struggle to attain our common goals and ideals.
Long live the indestructible fraternal friendship and solidarity between the Korean people and the Czechoslovak people! Long live the Czechoslovak Communist Party and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic! Long live the banner of ever-victorious Marxism-Leninism!
Proceeding from sheer desire to ensure peace and security of the Korean peninsula
and the rest of the world, the Workers’ Party of Korea has made well-meant efforts and displayed the greatest patience to prevent the aggravation of the regional tension. But the intensity of the hostile forces’ policies towards the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has gone to extreme, instead of becoming weakened. The enemy’s high-tech weapons aimed at the DPRK are increasing in volume.
To cope with this, the WPK, at its recent 8th congress, solemnly declared that it would steadily bolster the national defence capability.
Along with major tasks for preparing the Korean People’s Army more firmly, it set
forth the core plan and strategic tasks of crucial importance in rapidly developing and strengthening the national defence industry. In order to thoroughly contain, control and handle on its own initiative various military threats on the Korean peninsula, which are inevitably accompanied by nuclear threats, it decided to raise the nuclear technology to a higher level, make nuclear weapons smaller and lighter for more tactical uses, develop various tactical nuclear weapons and continuously push ahead with the production of super-sized nuclear warheads.
It also set a goal of attaining an advanced capability for making a preemptive and
retaliatory nuclear strike by further raising the rate of precision good enough to strike and annihilate any strategic targets within the range of 15 000 kilometers with pinpoint accuracy. And it brought up the tasks to develop and introduce hypersonic gliding flight warheads in a short period, push ahead with the development of solid-fueled inter-continental underwater and ground ballistic rockets as scheduled, and possess a nuclear submarine and an underwater-launched nuclear strategic weapon.
It also decided to secure the ability of reconnaissance and information gathering
through the operation of a military reconnaissance satellite, and conduct in real earnest the research to develop reconnaissance drones and other means of reconnaissance capable of precisely reconnoitring up to 500 km deep into the front.
It defined it as the main task facing the sector of defence science at present to rapidly advance the Korean People’s Army from the conventional type into an elite hi-tech one by drastically developing the defence science and technology and inventing a larger number of advanced weapons and combat equipment. It set it as the priority target of the munitions industry to make military equipment intelligent, precise, unmanned, highly-performing and light and decided to orient research and development to this end. It also advanced the tasks for completing the preparations for all-people resistance, the matter of crucial importance that should never be neglected in firmly consolidating the national defence capability.
The major tasks for strengthening the national defence capability set forth at the
Eighth Congress of the WPK are an expression of its unshakable faith and will to
continuously strengthen the country's military capabilities until the vicious cycle of the brink of war and detente, tension and dialogue is removed once and for all and such words as threat and blackmail by the hostile forces disappear on this land, considering the situation in which the international balance of power is crumbling owing to the reckless arms buildup of the US and other hostile forces.
The single-hearted unity is a sure guarantee for the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to remain unperturbed in any political turmoil. Amidst the worst situation in the closing years of the last century, in which socialism collapsed one after another in many countries and the imperialist allied forces concentrated their anti-socialist offensive on the DPRK, the Korean people, united around their leader single-heartedly, defended the banner of socialism. Countries that claim to be strong may have collapsed in such hard trials of history, but the trials rather consolidated the political foundations of the single-hearted unity of the Korean society.
The hostile forces are still intensifying their political and economic sanctions to
disintegrate socialist Korea, but the country is vigorously building itself into a
powerful socialist country, surmounting all trials and challenges on the strength of
History and the reality vividly demonstrated how strong is the might of the
single-hearted unity of Korea, where all the people and the leader share the same
ideas and destiny.
The source of strength of this single-hearted unity is the affection bestowed on
its people by Kim Jong Un, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the
Kim Jong Un pursues politics of making selfless, devoted efforts for the good of
the people. His view on them is that everything exists only when they exist and
nothing is more precious than them. The source of miracle is the inexhaustible
strength of the people, not mysterious divine power, and nothing is impossible if
one relies on it–this is his political creed.
Witnessing reconstruction in the areas hit by natural calamities, projects
conducted recently by the state, the international society realized how hard he
strives for the protection of the people’s lives and safety and for their happy and cultured life.
He inspected a disaster-stricken area before anybody else, consoled the victims,
and did everything to provide them with wonderful living conditions; for them, he
was their benevolent father, who grieves over the misfortune of his children and
goes to great pains to provide them with a happier life.
The Korean people are firmly rallied around their leader.
No one can match the invincible Korean People’s Army, and what is the secret?
The first one is that the KPA has been led by outstanding leaders.
President Kim Il Sung (1912-1994), who founded the KPA and defeated the US and
Japanese imperialists in one generation, was an ever-victorious veteran commander and outstanding general recognized by the world.
He brought the ferocious Japanese imperialists, so-called leader of Asia, to their knees and defeated the US imperialists who boasted of being “the strongest” in the world.
Chairman Kim Jong Il (1942-2011) was a military commander who administered
unique Songun politics and, upholding the banner of Songun, achieved victory after
victory in the war without gunshots against the allied imperialist forces under the harsh circumstances created by them to isolate and suffocate the DPRK.
Supreme Commander Kim Jong Un, who is carrying forward the cause of President
Kim Il Sung and Chairman Kim Jong Il, is a brilliant general possessed of outstanding military wisdom and art of command and unparalleled courage. He is gifted with outstanding military wisdom and seasoned commandership of specifying ever-victorious strategies and tactics even under the quite complicated situation, forestalling the aggressive provocation of war by the reckless imperialists with an uninterrupted attack and bringing victory without fighting. And he helps the masses of soldiers develop conviction in victory and unmatched courage, always finding himself among them, and takes care of their life with paternal affection. This is a trait of Kim Jong Un as a peerless strategist and military genius.
The second one is that the KPA is strong in its political, ideological and military
capabilities. Supreme Commander Kim Jong Un turns the KPA into steel-strong ranks firmly rallied through a sense of obligation and devotion, and is paying primary attention to the ideological and spiritual preparedness of the soldiers.
Whenever he inspects military units, he visits the education rooms first, sometimes
seeing the soldiers’ artistic performances which reflected their ideological and spiritual preparedness, and other times stressing that the work of ideological education of the soldiers should be intensified. Thanks to his efforts, all the KPA soldiers are firmly armed with the spirit of defending their motherland and fellow people.
The service personnel are firmly rallied around their Supreme Commander, and
possessed of ideological and spiritual preparedness with which to go through hell or high water to carry out his orders and directives.
The commanders are prepared to skillfully deal with any operations and battles; the
rank and file are prepared physically and tactically through intensive training to carry out any combat missions; all the services and arms are equipped with modern weapons of high strike power and manoeuvrability, ready for both attack and defence with a powerful war deterrent, and capable of coping with modern warfare immediately and perfectly in any circumstances. It is not fortuitous that the hostile forces do not dare to attack the DPRK even though they consider it as a thorn in their flesh.
The third one is the single-hearted unity and great army-people unity.
The unity between officers and men and between the army and people is a traditional feature unique to the KPA.
The tradition of the unity, fully demonstrated from the first day of the KPA’s founding, has reached the highest level of its development thanks to the leadership of Supreme Commander Kim Jong Un.
The officers of the KPA pay close attention to the health and even slightest concerns
of the soldiers. There are a number of officers who rescued their soldiers sacrificing their lives in unexpected emergencies. The soldiers sincerely respect and faithfully follow such officers and regard it as part of their morality and conscience before being their duty to carry out orders and directives of the officers unconditionally and thoroughly.
Often the officers and men sing and dance together during the breaks of training, a
vivid scene that shows the relations between them.
The unity between the army and people is the great army-people unity based on strong and noble spirit displayed by the soldiers, not just the soldiers and people helping each other.
The army and people not only regard each other as family members, brothers and
sisters and help each other but also share will, life and death.
The KPA is playing the leading role in consolidating the army-people unity, the
foundation of the DPRK society, doing many good things for the people under the slogan
“Let us help the people!”
In recent years alone thanks to their devoted efforts monumental structures and bases of cultural and leisure activities like the Samjiyon area in the northern part, Jungphyong Vegetable Greenhouse Farm and Yangdok Hot Spring Resort have been built. The Korean People’s Army under the leadership of Supreme Commander Kim Jong Un will further demonstrate its might as an invincible army.
Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is
leading the development of his country by dint of far-sightedness.
A typical example is the line of self-reliance which he has emphasized in recent years. This line is based on a scientific analysis of and judgement on the present world and reality of the DPRK. The present situation of the world, where the high-handedness and arbitrariness of the imperialists are cutting a wide swath, clearly proves that any country cannot advance along the road of independent development which is safe and reliable by depending on foreign investments fraught with economic subordination and upheavals.
Furthermore, it is very important that the DPRK opts for a correct line of national
development under the extreme sanctions and blockade imposed by the US-led forces to isolate and stifle it. As long as the DPRK refuses to abandon its line of independent development, the sanction will be aggravated. Given the situation, Kim Jong Un confirmed that the banner the DPRK should hold up is only that of self-reliance.
This line is not a temporary countermeasure against the hostile forces’ sanctions and blockade. In his first public address made in April 2012 he reviewed the turbulent century-long history of Korea, which had emerged as a world-class power from a weak, colonized nation, and confirmed that the permanent strategy of the Korean revolution and its final victory lay in marching straight along the road of independence, the road of Songun and the road of socialism. The whole course traversed by the DPRK for eight years under his leadership and the creations produced during those days verify the truth of self-reliance.
The spirit of self-reliance is based on the Juche philosophy that man is the master of
his own destiny and he has the strength with which to carve out his own destiny.
With the belief that peace on the Korean peninsula and the rest of the world can be
guaranteed only by strengthening the military capabilities for self-defence, Kim Jong Un has directed utmost attention to this end. He perceived with clairvoyance that since the long-drawn-out showdown between the DPRK and the US-led forces is not terminated the sovereignty and security of the country can be secured only by strengthening its self-defensive military power that no forces dare use its armed forces against, and built up a powerful war deterrent. The DPRK is now directing all its efforts to economic construction, unperturbed by any changing situation.
Even in the face of unprecedented trials and manifold difficulties, Kim Jong Un has
set forth correct policies to achieve a victorious breakthrough, full of optimism about final victory.
He ensures that the might of the spirit of self-reliance is given full play in the frontal
attack against the hostile forces’ sanctions through the efforts to put the national economy on a Juche-oriented, modern, IT and scientific footing, to ensure recycling in light industry, to reenergize the economic sectors by relying on domestic fuel and raw and other materials, and to increase production and practise economy to the maximum.
The city of Samjiyon, Yangdok Hot Spring Resort, Jungphyong Vegetable Greenhouse Farm and Tree Nursery and Phalhyang Dam of the Orangchon Power Station that were inaugurated one after another at the close of last year are all miraculous products of the spirit of self-reliance. Nobody imagined that under the worst difficult situation the DPRK could undertake these grand construction projects in simultaneous and dimensional way and complete them. Believing in the might of the single-hearted unity and strength of the people, Kim Jong Un pushed ahead with these grand construction projects, translating the dream of people into reality.
Even in the face of all kinds of difficulties, Kim Jong Un maps out plans for the future with a confidence in final victory. With an insight into the position and role of Korean peninsula as a place of strategic importance–a bridge and gateway to the Asian continent–he paves a broad avenue for national prosperity. Construction of the Wonsan Kalma coast resort is now under way, and development project of world-renowned Mt Kumgang is on the table.
The Fifth Plenary Meeting of the Seventh Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea which advanced the line of smashing straight through all the barriers in the way of advance for socialist construction by dint of self-reliance served as an opportunity to witness statesmanship of Kim Jong Un as a leader of firm character. For victory in the agricultural front, set as a major thrust area in the campaign to smash straight through the sanctions imposed by the hostile forces, Kim Jong Un, as his first on-site guidance in the year 2020, visited the Sunchon Phosphatic Fertilizer Factory, which is now under construction by dint of self-reliance, wearing a bright smile on his face. His bright smile promises the future of Korea.
Chairman Kim Jong Il (1942-2011) of the National Defence Commission of the
DPRK, eternal leader of the Korean people, was an outstanding statesman and a great master of ideology and theory.
He enriched the Juche idea, which brightens the road of opening up the human destiny, as the eternal guiding ideology of Korea and the cause of independence of the world. This ideological and theoretical asset is the most precious legacy he bequeathed to the people of Korea and the world.
The Juche idea authored by Kim Il Sung and developed by Kim Jong Il is a thought
which, on the basis of a scientific elucidation that man is the master of the world and plays the decisive role in transforming the world, shows the way for the masses of the people, the motive force of history, to shape their own destiny by their own efforts. As soon as his work On the Juche Idea (March 31, 1982) in which the Juche idea is integrated and systematized was published, it evoked a great response; the work was reported by about 10 million copies of publications in over 90 countries and was published in a pamphlet form in over 140 countries in less than a year after its release.
A French professor said: Lenin praised The Communist Manifesto by Marx and Engels is the song of songs singing communism; if Lenin’s method of description is borrowed, Kim Jong Il’s On the Juche Idea will be the song of songs singing the true human cause, the song of songs singing the dignity and value of human being and the true ideals and endless prosperity of mankind.
Many figures of capitalist countries, who had regarded the bourgeois philosophy as
their ideals, were enthralled by the encyclopedic work, and became followers of the
Pierre Boudot, who was a director of the International Institute of the Juche Idea,
wrote to his colleagues as follows:
“This is my sincere request, it is not too late to abandon the deep-rooted European
arrogance and prejudice against Asia, and learn the Juche idea of Korea if you want to explore the truth with the conscience of a scholar and an intellectual.”
In fact, the international community is looking on Korea with admiration, a country
which finds solutions to all problems by relying on its own strength as required by the Juche idea and in conformity with its specific situation and regards independence as its lifeblood.
The Juche idea, as a great leading ideology of the era of independence, is encouraging the progressive peoples of the world along the road of independence. A key aspect of his ideological and theoretical achievements is that he gave a comprehensive answer to all the theoretical and practical problems arising in implementing the cause of independence of the masses, the socialist cause, when the progressive peoples were wandering about in the face of temporary difficulties.
In the end of the 20 th century, owing to the manoeuvres of the imperialists and
renegades of socialism, the socialist cause experienced temporary frustration and crisis; claiming about the “end” of socialism, they clamoured that the ideals of socialism were wrong and making the socialist revolution was wrong as well. This caused ideological unrest and confusion among some people, and some countries which had been aspiring after socialism vacillated.
At this time Kim Jong Il instilled in the progressive peoples of the world confidence in victory of the socialist cause through his energetic ideological and theoretical activities. His works including The Historical Lesson in Building Socialism and the General Line of Our Party, Abuses of Socialism Are Intolerable and Socialism Is a Science became a beacon light for the people and a sledgehammer that crushed all forms of injustice and sophistry. This provided an unshakable foundation for the socialist idea, and cleansed the tarnished image of socialism.
The leader of a political party of Russia said:
“During the harsh days when socialism was frustrated and anti-socialist manoeuvres of the imperialists and reactionaries became extreme, who dared to write even an article on safeguarding and rebuilding socialism? Only Comrade Kim Jong Il advanced many ideas and theories for the development of the socialist movement of the world and applied them in practice. Herein lie the greatest achievements of Comrade Kim Jong Il as the saviour and defender of socialism.”
Saying that his ideology ensures victory of the socialist cause and the cause of
independence of mankind, many political parties and peoples are striving to study and embody his ideas and theories.
Today, the struggle of the people who aspire after independence is being intensified in all parts of the world.
The legacy left by Chairman Kim Jong Il will shine for ever along with the victorious
advance of the cause of global independence.
The Korean People’s Army, the regular armed force of the DPRK, was founded on
February 8, 1948.
The founding of the Korean People’s Army provided the country with military
guarantee for following the road of independent development. The Korean People’s Revolutionary Army, the KPA’s predecessor, was founded on April 25, 1932 by Kim Il Sung, eternal President of the DPRK, when Korea was under the Japanese military occupation (1905-1945). Under his command, the KPRA, though it enjoyed no backing of a state and support of a regular army, waged a bloody guerrilla warfare against the one-million-strong Kwantung Army of Japan, which had been claiming to be the leader of Asia, and liberated the country on August 15, 1945.
After liberation, Kim Il Sung stepped up building a regular armed force by the efforts of the country itself on the basis of the rich experiences in army building created in the flames of the anti-Japanese armed struggle.
Building a regular army of the nation was essential at that time for the establishment of a fully independent and sovereign state after liberation; it also emerged as an urgent task in view of the fact that the US stationed its aggressor troops in the southern half in an attempt to occupy the whole territory of Korea.
As the personnel who could command a regular army were in short supply,
Kim Il Sung enlisted most of the anti-Japanese war veterans in building the army, and saw to it that they not only became the backbone of the army to be built but played a pivotal role in training military cadres.
In order to train the military and political cadres indispensable in the establishment of regular armed forces, he ensured that regular military educational institutes were built and expanded.
As a result, the Pyongyang Institute was established as the first regular institute of
military education and the first base for training political and military officers for the
building of a modern regular army. Later its function of training military cadres was transferred to the Central Security Officers School set up to train military cadres of different arms and corps. He gave field guidance at this school on several occasions, giving instructions on conducting military education not in any other’s way but in the Korean way. At that time opinions varied at the school concerning the contents of military education, some people saying this country’s were good and others saying that country’s were good.
Defining these contents at this school was the core in training cadres for the regular
armed forces to be organized later. But some people were trying to mechanically adopt others’. Kim Il Sung said to them: You must never copy others’ mechanically, but educate the cadets in line with the actual conditions in our country based on your own opinions. We are going to found a new type of regular army, so education must be conducted in our own way.
At another time after inquiring about the state of school education, he said to teachers of the KPRA origin that they should impart military techniques in our own way and play the role of backbone in school education, and that only when the cadets were given proper education can they train our army in our own way after their graduation. And saying that the cadres who would form the backbone of the regular army should be trained by ourselves and that this was the only way of training the core personnel faithful to the Korean revolution and founding a genuine army of the new Korea, he paid close attention to organizing the navy and air force.
After its founding, the Korean People’s Army defended the country’s sovereignty and dignity with honour against the aggression of the allied imperialist forces in the early 1950s, and since then it has demonstrated to the whole world its might while foiling the military threats and provocations by the hostile forces at every step and defending peace on the Korean peninsula creditably.
Kim Il Sung’s achievements will shine for ever along with the founding of the regular armed force of the DPRK.
The Eighth Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea took place between January 5 and 12, 2021, in Pyongyang, the capital of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
The congress elected Kim Jong Un as general secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea, in reflection of the unanimous will and wish of all the delegates, all the Party members, other people across the country and servicepersons of the Korean People’s Army, for the sake of the development of the Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist party and the fresh victorious advance of the revolutionary cause of Juche.
The congress reviewed the revolutionary work of the past five years, made a scientific analysis of the trend of the developing revolution and the demands of the prevailing objective and subjective situations, and, based on it, decided a new line of struggle and strategic and tactical policies for strengthening the Party and making a radical leap forward in socialist construction.
General Secretary Kim Jong Un clarified the main idea and main spirit of the Eighth Congress of the WPK and stressed that the entire Party should adhere more strictly to the ideals of “The people are God,” single-hearted unity and self-reliance.
The Eighth Congress of the WPK which illuminated the road ahead of a new struggle for the Korean revolution manifested an expression of its definite self-confidence in its capability for leading the socialist cause to another stage of victory and served as a noteworthy political event of great significance in the militant course of the WPK.
A military parade, grand art performance We Sing of the Party and other colourful events celebrated the congress.
Our people will soon greet the 52nd anniversary of the liberation of our country, the historic event, by which the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung opened the way to a new life for our nation.
On this occasion our people look back with warm hearts upon the tireless efforts and the great achievements the respected leader made for the reunification of our country for half a century ever since the day of national liberation.
The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung strongly desired and worked hard all his life for the reunification of our country. He was unhappy more about the national sufferings caused by national division than about anything else, and took all the pains and put his heart and soul into the cause for national reunification till the last moment of his life in order to hand down a reunified country to posterity.
To reunify the country in accordance with the noble idea of respected Comrade Kim Il Sung is the revolutionary duty and moral obligation of our Party and our people. It is a sacred national task devolving upon our generation. No matter what kind of difficulties and obstacles may stand in the way of national reunification, we must carry out the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung's instructions for national reunification and fulfil the responsibility and duty our generation has assumed before the country and nation.
The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung is the sun of our nation and the lodestar of national reunification. He devoted all his life to the country and nation and made imperishable achievements in the cause of national reunification. By his preeminent ideas and leadership he pioneered the cause of national reunification, guided it victoriously, laid solid foundations to realize it, and opened the bright prospects for the reunification of the country.
The question of national reunification arose as a result of the division of the country by foreign forces at the end of the Second World War. The history of half a century since the division of the country into north and south is a history of an acute struggle between the two conflicting lines of reunification and division, patriotism and treachery, and a history of the victory of patriotic forces that aspire after national reunification.
Ever since the division of the country, the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung regarded national reunification as the supreme task of our nation, consistently maintained the line of one Korea, the line of reunification, wisely led the struggle to reunify the country and strengthened and developed the reunification movement into a nationwide movement.
The line of national reunification proposed and invariably maintained by the great leader is a line of thorough national independence for the complete sovereignty and independence of the country and nation and a truly patriotic line for the development of the country to be reunified and for national prosperity. The question of the reunification of our country is a question of putting an end to the foreign domination and intervention of south Korea, establishing national sovereignty throughout the country, linking again the blood ties of the divided nation, and realizing unity as one nation. If our nation, which has lived as a homogeneous nation in the same land for thousands of years, remains divided by foreign forces, it will be impossible to avoid national misfortune and calamities and free itself from foreign domination and subjugation. Reunification is the only correct way to establish the complete sovereignty of the country and nation, brighten the nation's dignity and honour, and achieve the prosperity of the country and nation. The line of reunification enjoys unreserved support from all the Korean people because it reflects the fundamental interests and demand and unanimous wish and aspiration of our nation.
In the complex and difficult situation in which the US imperialists' occupation of south Korea and the manoeuvres of divisive forces at home and abroad against reunification were continuing, respected Comrade Kim Il Sung maintained the line of reunification firmly and consistently and led the reunification movement on his initiative. While strengthening the northern half of Korea into a bulwark for national reunification, the great leader ensured that the people in the northern half gave active support and encouragement to the south Korean people in their patriotic struggle for independence, democracy and national reunification without forgetting them even for a moment. He thwarted the challenge and the manoeuvres of the divisive forces at home and abroad against reunification at every step and developed the reunification movement steadily. It was our leader who developed the nationwide struggle to frustrate the manoeuvres of the flunkeyist and treacherous forces to keep the country divided by convening the historic joint conference of the representatives of political parties and public organizations from north and south Korea in the grim days when "separate elections and a separate government" were being cooked up in the name of the UN in south Korea immediately after liberation; it was our leader who roused all the Korean people to the struggle to check and thwart the manoeuvres of the divisive elements for "two Koreas" at a time when a sharp antagonism and struggle was going on between two lines, one for one Korea and the other for "two Koreas", in our country; it was also our leader who opened the way to dialogue and negotiations between north and south which had been totally out of contact, ensured success in adopting the north-south joint statement and agreements and opened a new phase in the movement to reunify the country. The great leader, who had immeasurably noble love for the country and nation, passed not a day without being concerned over the question of national reunification, nor did he take a single day's rest in peace.
Comrade Kim Il Sung worked energetically to strengthen international support for and solidarity with the movement for national reunification. Thanks to his strenuous external activities, the validity of our Party's line of national reunification was widely known to political, public and press circles in various countries, international concern for the question of Korea's reunification increased, and the world progressive people's support for and solidarity with the movement for our country's reunification grew stronger.
Thanks to the great meritorious service rendered by the respected leader Comrade Kim Il Sung who adhered to the line of national reunification and devoted all his efforts to the reunification of the country, the reunification movement continued to develop, sweeping away the obstructive moves of the divisive forces, and became an indestructible force. The ardent desire of the nation for the reunification of the country is growing higher with each passing day, and all the Koreans in the north, south and abroad have turned out for the movement to reunify the country. The development of the reunification movement into a powerful nationwide movement as we see today and its advance in the midst of worldwide interest and support and encouragement from the progressive people prove a brilliant victory of the line of reunification over the line of division. The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung set forth the three charters for national reunification which clarified the fundamental principles and methods of national reunification, and provided the guideline that must be maintained in accomplishing the cause of national reunification.
The three principles of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity are the cornerstones for national reunification which manifested the fundamental standpoint and fundamental way of solving the problem of national reunification by the efforts of the nation and in keeping with its will and interests. The three principles of national reunification are the great common programme of the nation which the north and south confirmed in their July 4 joint statement and proclaimed solemnly to the public at home and abroad. The ten-point programme of the great unity of the whole nation for the reunification of the country is a political programme to strengthen the motive force of national reunification by achieving the unity of the entire nation. This programme clearly shows the objective and the ideological basis of great national unity and its principles and methods in an all-round way.
The plan of establishing the Democratic Federal Republic of Koryo is a blueprint that shows the full picture of the state to be reunified and the method of its realization. It indicates the basic method of reunifying the country most reasonably and smoothly on the basis of tolerating the ideas and systems of the north and the south.
The three principles of national reunification, the ten-point programme of the great unity of the whole nation and the plan of establishing the DFRK constitute the three charters for national reunification by which Comrade Kim Il Sung elaborated the basic principles and methods of national reunification into an integral system on the basis of his great Juche idea and his valuable experience of the struggle to reunify the country. The three charters of national reunification are permeated with the spirit of national independence regarding national sovereignty and dignity as lifeblood and embody his noble love for the country and nation for reunifying the country peacefully by achieving north-south reconciliation and the great unity of the entire nation. The three charters clarify the fairest and most reasonable and rational way of reunifying the country at the earliest date in keeping with the real conditions in our country where different ideas and systems exist in its north and south for a long time and in accordance with the entire nation's aspirations to reunification. Because the great leader provided the three charters of national reunification, our nation is in a position to develop the struggle for national reunification with the clear objective, direction, confidence and courage and to realize its cherished desire for its reunification successfully by its united effort. The three charters of national reunification are, indeed, the banner of national reunification as well as the justest and most realistic fighting programme for reunifying the country independently and peacefully.
The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung rallied the entire nation under the banner of great national unity, prepared the driving force of national reunification and strengthened it further.
Our nation is the motive force of reunifying the country, and its strength lies in great national unity. When our own force of reunification is prepared, the victory of the cause of national reunification is assured.
Regarding patriotism and the spirit of national independence as the basis of national unity, Comrade Kim Il Sung made it the principle of great national unity to subordinate everything to the cause of national reunification, transcending the differences in thoughts, ideas, political views and religion, and led all the people aspiring after reunification, regardless of their past records, to the way for reunification and patriotism with great generosity and magnanimity. He put forward the slogan for national unity, "Those with strength, devote their strength; those with knowledge, offer their knowledge; and those with money, contribute their money!" and encouraged the Korean people from all walks of life to help towards the cause of national reunification, with the mind of loving the country and the nation. His thoughts and ideas of great national unity and his noble love for humanity and the nation were the source of strength that encouraged the Korean compatriots from all sections to set out courageously on the road of national unity and national reunification.
Comrade Kim Il Sung attached great importance to forming the all-nation united front and energetically led the work of uniting the reunification forces in the north, south and abroad. Basing himself on the experience of the anti-Japanese national united front during the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle, he put forward the policy of forming the great national united front for the country's reunification and wisely guided the struggle to implement it. As a result, a great advance was made in the work for organizing the compatriots in the north, south and abroad under the banner of national reunification. When the movement for the reunification of the country developed into a movement involving all the nation and their ardent desire for national reunification soared as never before, a Pan-National Rally representing the Koreans in the north, south and abroad was held and the National Alliance for the Country's Reunification representing the reunification will of the entire nation was born. The formation of the National Alliance for the Country's Reunification is an important success achieved in strengthening the motive force of the country's reunification and developing the reunification movement onto a higher stage.
Today the motive force of reunification, the patriotic cause, is expanded and strengthened on a national scale involving the north, south and abroad and cemented more firmly; it is advancing vigorously towards the independent and peaceful reunification of the country, overwhelming the flunkeyist, treacherous, divisive forces.
The exploits which the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung accomplished on the road of the country's reunification is the priceless heritage for our people and nation and a solid foundation on which to reunify the country. His lifelong efforts dedicated to the country and nation and his great services to the noble cause of national reunification and independence will shine for ever in the history of our country.
Reunifying the country in our generation without fail by carrying forward the cause of the country's reunification pioneered and guided by the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung is a firm decision of our Party and a revolutionary will of our people.
The territorial partition and the division of the nation lasting over half a century are obstructing the uniform development of our nation with a history of 5,000 years and causing immeasurable misfortunes and sufferings to all our nation. If we fail to reunify the country in our generation, the new generations will also suffer the tragedy of national division, even the national community between the north and the south will disappear and the nation will remain divided for ever. When the imperialist colonial system has collapsed and all the countries and nations, that were once oppressed, are advancing along the road of independence, it is an intolerable national shame that our nation that values its dignity and honour as lifeblood has to see its sovereignty trampled upon by foreign forces.
We must achieve the cause of the country's reunification, the lifelong will of respected Comrade Kim Il Sung and the vital demand of the nation. National reunification is the greatest national task that must not be delayed any longer. We must reunify the country at all costs and put an end to the tragic history of national division, the history of disgrace. By reunifying the country, we must save the destiny of the nation from the crisis, hand down the reunified country to the coming generations and defend and exalt the dignity and honour of the nation.
In order to reunify the country, we must defend the imperishable achievements which the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung made for national reunification all his life and carry out the Juche-orientated line and policy for national reunification.
The three charters for the country's reunification set forth by the great leader are the programmatic guide which all our nation that desires reunification must support. The specific method may change in the struggle for the country's reunification with the change in the situation, but the basic principles and standpoint for the country's reunification can never change. In the future we must reunify the country on the basis of the three charters for the country's reunification no matter how the situation and circumstance may change.
To maintain the Juche character and preserve the national character in shaping the destiny of the country and the nation is a principled requirement for the country's independence, sovereignty and growth in its wealth and strength and for the prosperity of the nation. By adhering to the Juche character and the national character and brilliantly embodying them during the whole period of his leadership of our revolution, the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung achieved the historic cause of national liberation, established a powerful socialist state that is independent, self-sufficient and self-reliant in defence and ensured the display of our nation's unfathomable strength, talent and unbreakable spirit to the whole world. The lines and charters for the country's reunification advanced by Comrade Kim Il Sung are motivated by the principled requirement for adhering to the Juche character and the national character and are permeated with them. To thoroughly maintain and embody the Juche character and the national character in the struggle for the reunification and independence of the country is the basic guarantee for reunifying the country successfully in accordance with the interests and desire of our nation.
The country must be reunified at all events on the principle of national independence. Maintenance of the principle of national independence is fundamental to adhering to the Juche character and the national character.
All nations have the right to shape their destiny by their own hands and independently according to their will. Nobody can deprive a nation of its right to independence or infringe upon it. Since the reunification of our country is an affair of our nation and concerns its right to independence, our nation must achieve it by its own efforts as the master in accordance with its independent will and desire.
In order to reunify the country on the principle of national independence, all the members of the nation must arm themselves firmly with the consciousness of national independence and thoroughly oppose and reject flunkeyism and the idea of dependence on foreign forces.
The consciousness of national independence is ideological strength which makes the nation powerful and the country prosper, whereas flunkeyism and the idea of dependence on foreign forces are an ideological poison that makes a nation disgraceful and powerless. That flunkeyism and the idea of dependence on foreign forces lead to the ruin of the nation is the serious and bitter lesson our nation learned through a long history of national suffering. Our country was occupied by the Japanese imperialists, the early communist movement failed, and the nationalist movement suffered frustration, in the final analysis, because of flunkeyism which meant disbelieving its own strength and grovelling before big powers.
Even after the liberation of the country, the successive rulers of south Korea who worshipped the United States committed anti-reunification treachery to the country and the nation, with the backing of the United States, following its aggressive policy. Attempting to find a solution to the problem of national reunification to win back the sovereignty of the nation deprived by foreign forces by depending on foreign forces is a foolish act which is tantamount to putting one's neck into the noose of slavery of its own accord.
In order to keep the sovereignty and dignity of the nation and to reunify the country in accordance with the will and interests of the nation, we must reject flunkeyism and dependence on foreign forces and resolutely fight against the aggression and interference of foreign forces. We will never allow any attempt to realize an aggressive and dominationist ambition through interference in our country's reunification. We must struggle more strongly for the country's reunification upholding the banner of national independence and thus achieve the complete independence and sovereignty of the country and the nation.
In order to reunify the country independently, we must build up the force of our own nation. The great unity of the entire nation is the decisive guarantee for the independent and peaceful reunification of the country. Our nation is directly responsible for national reunification, and no one can take our place in the struggle to reunify our country. Only when the entire nation is united firmly under the banner of great national unity and strengthens the driving force of national reunification can we defeat the attempts of the divisive forces at home and abroad to oppose reunification and accomplish the cause of the country's reunification.
In order to achieve great national unity we should put the common interests of the nation above all else, relegating the differences in thoughts, ideas and systems to the background, and hold fast to the principle of uniting on this basis. The country's reunification is not a matter of settling any class contradictions within our nation or antagonism between social systems; it is the national cause of establishing the nation's sovereignty all over the country. No class or stratum can exist outside the nation and no independence for the members of the nation can be ensured without the independence of the nation. Today when reunifying the country is the supreme task of the nation, no class or stratum should place their interests above the common national interests. No matter how great the difference in ideologies and systems existing in the north and south may be, it cannot be greater than our national community which has been formed and consolidated and developed over a long period of history. When the north and the south put the national community and the common national interests to the fore and desire the country's reunification, they can achieve the great unity of the entire nation transcending differences in ideologies and systems.
Love for the country and the nation is the common ideological feeling of all members of the nation and the ideological basis of national unity. To love ardently the country and the nation and value most the national dignity are our nation's proud tradition and the national characteristics. Anyone who has the blood and soul of the Korean nation must treasure and preserve the admirable national character of the Korean people. Today the true value and worth of life for the Koreans lies in linking their destiny with the destiny of the nation and devoting themselves heart and soul to the noble cause of the country's reunification and independence and the prosperity of the nation. Everyone who loves the country and the nation and is concerned over their destiny whether he or she lives in the north, in the south or abroad, must unite firmly under the banner of national reunification, regardless of the differences in ideologies and ideas, religious belief and political views, class and stratum.
We maintain that the north and the south join their efforts to promote co-existence, co-prosperity and common interests and achieve the great cause of the country's reunification transcending the differences in ideologies and social systems. We will join hands with those who take the road of national reunification with national conscience, regardless of their ideas and religious beliefs, and whether they are capitalists, army generals or high authorities. Even those who have committed crimes against the nation in the past, if they repent of their mistakes and come round to the side of the nation, we will let them start with a clean slate, treat them with generosity and unite with them.
Our Party's line and policy for great national unity constitute all-embracing politics based on love for the country, nation and people. Our consistent policy is to pursue all-embracing politics invariably in the whole process of the struggle for the reunification, independence, and prosperity of the country. The line of great national unity which fully embodies the idea of love for the country, nation and people has fully demonstrated its validity and vitality in the long-drawn-out struggle for the restoration of the fatherland, for the building of a new society and for national reunification. We will respect the ideologies, ideas and religions of all parties, organizations and people that aspire after patriotism and turn out for the cause of reunification, and unite with them, thereby fulfiling our duty and remaining loyal to the nation.
Reunifying the country in a peaceful way without recourse to the armed forces is our principled position and the consistent line of our Party.
There is no reason why we fellow countrymen should fight among ourselves on the question of national reunification. The difference in thoughts and systems existing in the north and the south is not a ground for the use of armed forces. One cannot accept any idea and system under coercion and the difference in ideologies and systems between the north and the south cannot be abolished by a coercive method. If the north and the south fight against each other, our nation will suffer the ravages of war and the imperialists will profit from it. The peaceful reunification of Korea is not only the desire of our nation but also the aspiration of the peace-loving people of the world. Everyone who loves the country and nation and values peace must exert all his or her efforts for the peaceful reunification of the country.
In order to ensure peace in the Korean peninsula and achieve the peaceful reunification of the country we must oppose the moves towards aggression and war and eliminate the danger of war. Without the struggle against the moves towards aggression and war, it would be impossible to ensure peace and think of peaceful reunification. At present, the maneuvres of the United States and the south Korean rulers against socialism and our Republic have aggravated the tension and created the danger of war breaking out in the Korean peninsula any minute.
The question of easing the tension and removing the danger of war in our country can be settled, before all else, when the United States gives up its hostile policy against our Republic and a peace treaty is concluded between the DPRK and the US. Our Republic and the United States are still in the state of temporary armistice and the danger of war has not been dispelled from our country. In order to remove the danger of war and ensure peace, a peace treaty must be concluded between us and the United States and a new peace- keeping mechanism must be established. In addition, it is imperative to reaffirm the nonaggression agreement between the north and the south already published to the world and implement it thoroughly.
Although the United States clamours about the "end of cold war" and "easing of the tension", she is invariably resorting to the "power politics", threatening us with ceaseless military exercises and aggressive manoeuvres and instigating the south Korean rulers to war provocation. Trying to bring us to our knees by military threat or pressure is a foolish attempt and a dangerous act.
We will defend our socialism firmly and never tolerate anyone to infringe upon the sovereignty and dignity of our nation. Strengthening the revolutionary armed forces to defend the security of the country and people against the moves of the imperialists and the south Korean rulers to provoke war is a natural step to self-defence. The imperialist war-maniacs should refrain from attempting to test our military power by means of their armed forces or to frighten or bring our people to their knees by military threat and provocations. Such a reckless act will be a dangerous adventure which may end in a terrible catastrophe. We never want war; we are making consistent efforts to reunify the country peacefully. The most reasonable way to settle the question of Korean reunification smoothly is to reunify the country based on federation.
Our nation wants to reunify the country as soon as possible in a reasonable way acceptable to everyone. Over half a century has passed since the different systems were established in the north and the south. If, in these circumstances, one side tries to reunify the country under its system, it will further aggravate the state of division, let alone reunification, and end in an irretrievable national disaster. In view of the urgent requirement of our nation and the situation in the country, the best way to reunify the country as soon as possible is to establish a unified nation-state of federation based on one nation, one state, two systems and two governments. Reunification through federation is a fair and rational way for reunification which does not attach weight to the advantages or interests of only one side or harm any side. Federal reunification will also contribute to removing the danger of war always hanging over the Korean peninsula and ensuring peace and security of the world.
If the country is reunified by federation, our nation will establish sovereignty throughout the country and achieve great unity as one nation; our country will become a unified nation-state, independent, peace-loving and neutral. The reunified federal state will not infringe upon the interests of neighbouring countries and threaten them.
We will advance dynamically along the road of national reunification under the banner of the three charters of national reunification set forth by the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung without the slightest vacillation in any difficulty and trial.
Improving the relations between the north and the south is an urgent requirement for achieving the independent and peaceful reunification of the country.
Only when the relations between the north and the south are converted from the relations of distrust and confrontation into those of trust and reconciliation, can the country be reunified independently and peacefully by the united efforts of the whole nation.
The trend of national reunification is now mounting unprecedentedly, but the relations between the north and the south are more strained and acute than ever before. The present south Korean authorities who do not care a straw about the destiny of the nation and national reunification are trying to find a way out by aggravating tension and confrontation between the north and the south, being afraid of their power foothold being shaken to its roots; they have pushed north-south relations into a critical state and are unprecedentedly intensifying warmongering maneuvres against the north in collusion with foreign forces. Since the appearance of the present "regime" in south Korea, confrontation has been aggravated between the north and the south instead of reconciliation, and the danger of war increased instead of peace. Having thrown the north-south relations into the worst state is an indelible anti-reunification crime and a treachery to the country and nation committed by the present south Korean authorities.
In order to improve the relations between the north and the south and effect a change towards national reunification, the south Korean authorities, before anything else, should desist from depending on foreign forces and "cooperating" with them, oppose and reject them by uniting efforts with their fellow countrymen from the stand of national independence.
National independence or dependence on foreign forces is a touchstone which distinguishes reunification from division, patriotism from treachery. If anyone takes the road of "cooperating" with foreign forces by depending on them, turning his back on the nation and shutting his eyes to the nation's own force, he will be forsaken by the nation and punished by history. Only when the south Korean authorities take the stand of national independence and patriotism, will the relations between the north and the south develop into the relations of trust and reconciliation and a breakthrough be made for national reunification.
The south Korean authorities must change their policy and take the stand of national independence which values and depends on the nation; they must adopt a policy of shaping the destiny of the country and the nation by joining efforts with their fellow countrymen.
Removing the political confrontation between the north and the south is a prerequisite for improving the relations between the north and the south. Only when it is removed, can the military confrontation be eliminated and further, national reconciliation and unity be realized.
The south Korean authorities must have a true sense of national fellowship, change their hostile anti-north confrontation policy into reconciliation policy of alliance with the north; they must refrain from creating misunderstanding and distrust between the north and the south and hampering national reconciliation and unity.
Military confrontation, in addition to political confrontation, must be removed to ease tension. The military confrontation between north and south gives rise to distrust and misunderstanding between fellow countrymen and makes it impossible to trust and reconcile each other; it will also aggravate tension and lead to national calamity. Without removing military confrontation is it impossible either to improve the north-south relations or to expect peace in the Korean peninsula and peaceful reunification.
In south Korea, at present, they are clamouring about fictitious "threat to invade the south". However, it is not the "threat to invade the south" but the threat to invade the north that really exists in our country. Were it not for the threat to invade the north, the military confrontation between north and south would be removed.
The south Korean authorities must abandon their dangerous war policy and ease tension. In south Korea they must stop arms build-up and the import of weapons from abroad, discontinue the joint military exercises with the foreign armed forces and refrain from committing reckless military provocations.
In order to remove the confrontation between north and south and promote national reconciliation and unity, the social and political life in south Korea must be democratized. Whoever comes into power, as long as the fascist rule continues in south Korea, it will be impossible to remove the confrontation between north and south or to think of free discussion and activity for national reunification by political parties, groups and people from all walks of life in south Korea. Worse still, as long as the wicked law against the nation and reunification, like the "National Security Law" which defines the same race as the enemy, regards it as criminal to have a contact and exchange among the people and public figures from various circles in the north and the south and suppresses the patriotic forces for reunification, exists in south Korea, national reconciliation, unity and the contact and exchange between north and south will never be realized. The tortuous history of the national reunification movement which started with the division of the nation shows that as long as the "National Security Law" exists in south Korea, no progress will be made in the north-south relations.
Today the reality in which the patriotic forces of reunification and democracy are being suppressed by the "National Security Law" in south Korea and the north-south relations are in the worst state requires democratization as an imperative task. The "National Security Law" which distresses the south Korean people and causes harm to all the nation must be abolished, and political freedom and democratic rights, such as the freedom of discussion and activity of political parties, groups and strata for national reunification must be guaranteed in south Korea. '• These problems must be solved to improve the north-south relations and open a new phase for national reunification.
If the south Korean authorities give up the present anti-national and anti-reunification confrontation policy and make positive change in practice to live up to the expectation of the entire nation, we will meet them at any time to negotiate with an open heart about the destiny of the nation and make joint efforts for the country's reunification. We will watch their attitude and actions.
In order to find a correct solution to the Korean question, the countries concerned must play a positive role with a sincere attitude of helping Korea's reunification. They must respect the sovereignty and the reunification will of our nation and closely cooperate to facilitate our nation's effort to reunify the country independently and peacefully.
The United States, a party who is directly responsible for the Korean question, must sincerely implement her signed commitment and duty. She must radically change her anachronistic policy towards Korea and refrain from interfering with the independent and peaceful reunification of Korea. We have no intention to regard the United States as our sworn enemy for hundreds of years; we hope to normalize the Korea-US relationship. The Korea-US relations will be developed in the interests of the peoples of the two countries if the United States rids herself of the outdated idea of the cold-war age, desists from approaching the Korean question with power politics and facilitates the peace and reunification of the Korean peninsula.
Japan, which imposed immeasurable misfortune and disaster upon our people in the past, must sincerely reflect upon her past, give up her hostile policy towards our Republic and stop instigating the division of Korea and hindering her reunification. Then we will take a friendly approach to Japan, our neighbour, and the abnormal relations between Korea and Japan will be improved.
The future of our people's struggle for the country's reunification is not smooth, but the reunification of our country, the cherished desire of our nation, will be achieved without fail.
When Korea is reunified, our country will make its appearance on the world arena with great dignity as a rich and powerful, independent and sovereign state with a 70 million population, and our nation will exalt its pride of being a resourceful, dignified and great nation.
We must unfold a nationwide struggle to carry out the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung's instructions for reunification and thus hasten the historic day when our 70 million compatriots will live happily in the unified country.
In the new century of the Juche era the Democratic People's Republic of Korea has made rapid progress in strengthening the national defence capability, thus building up a powerful military capability for safeguarding the national sovereignty and right to existence as well as peace in the region.
The military parade that took place in a grand style on Kim Il Sung Square in Pyongyang, capital of the DPRK, on October 10, Juche 109 (2020) in celebration of the 75th anniversary of the founding of the Workers' Party of Korea fully demonstrated the strategic position of Juche Korea that nobody can treat lightly.
Strong national defence capability is a cornerstone of the existence of a state and a guarantee for safeguarding peace.
Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un made devoted efforts to strengthen the revolutionary armed forces on which the destiny of the country and people and future of the socialist cause depend By doing so, the brilliant history and tradition of the victorious armed forces of the DPRK that faithfully supported the revolutionary cause of Juche by force of arms have been carried forward.
His leadership over the revolutionary armed forces is run through with gifted military wisdom, outstanding strategies, unexcelled art of command, unrivalled courage and ardent love for the service personnel.
He ensured that all the service personnel made the combat training more intensive by keeping it as the essence to conduct it in a real-war atmosphere and put it on a scientific and modern footing, so that they were fully prepared for modem warfare,
equipped with the heroic fighting spirit, bold attacking modes and all-round practical abilities.
The revolutionary armed forces of the DPRK. which creditably defended the country, the people and revolution as the motive force of the national defence in the face of the long-drawn-out, harshest-ever challenges and blockade, have developed into elite combat ranks that share their ideology and purpose with the Party Central Committee and breathe same breath as it, whatever the adversity, and in which a revolutionary military climate and steel-strong discipline have been established.
The national defence capability of the DPRK has been strengthened to the full in the new century of the Juche era, thanks to extraordinary determination and will of the Supreme Leader to put an end to the unprecedented nuclear war threat and blackmail by the imperialists and provide a solid guarantee for safeguarding peace and stability on the Korean peninsula and in the region.
In order to possess strong self-defensive nuclear deterrent, the Korean people had to open up a new path, braving all sorts of challenges and difficulties and doing everything in their own way.
However, they steadfastly followed the Supreme Leader, who blazed the trail with ardent love for the country and people and self-sacrificing devotion, and built up an effective and justifiable self-defensive means in a short period and by their own efforts.
ICBMs I Hwasong 14 and Hwasong 15 and other new Juche-type weapons have been developed entirely in a Korean style based on its own science and technology, without support or technology transfer from others nor prototype-copying. Their successful test firing clearly manifested that the DPRK’s self-reliant munitions industry has developed at an amazing speed.
The wise guidance by Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un and his patriotic devotion has led the DPRK to possess a strong war deterrent with which it can guarantee its sovereignty and security of its territory and safeguard forever the safety, peace and future of the stale and people.
With this powerful might of justice, socialist Korea has reliably defended its national sovereignly, prevented war and safeguarded peace, and promised a bright future in which all dreams and ideals of its people will be translated into reality.
The speech made by Chairman Kim Jong Un of the Workers’ Party of Korea made
at the military parade held in celebration of its 75th founding anniversary is attracting the attention of the world.
It can be said that it has three meanings. First, it is the declaration that none of the Korean population has fallen victim to the malignant virus. The achievements of Kim Jong Un, who defended the security of the people and the state amid the world health crisis will be recorded in history. But he said that the credit goes to the people. All the people were moved when he said: I thank them for being healthy free from disease; the fact that we have defended all our people from the harmful epidemic disease sweeping the whole world can be said to be a natural duty and success of our Party; however, I am moved by this success, and as I see their healthy appearance, I can find no word other than thanks; today’s victory that is striking the world with admiration is a great victory achieved by our people themselves. Second, it is the declaration that he will remain faithful to his people’s trust. In the speech, he noted: Our people have always believed and absolutely trusted me, and supported my choice and determination, whatever it is; such ardent and sincere trust and encouragement is the most valuable wealth for me, which cannot be bartered for any fame and millions of tons of gold, and inexhaustible strength which encourages me to have no fear and know no impossibility; I solemnly swear once again in this place that I will live up to the people’s trust without fail even if my body is torn and crushed to pieces on the way of defending their great trust and that I will remain faithful to that trust. Third, it is a solemn declaration that no other country can provoke the DPRK. It is reflected in these sentences: Our military capability is changing in the rate of its growth and in its quality and quantity in our own style and in accordance with our demands and our timetable; our war deterrent, which is intended to defend the rights to independence and existence of our state and safeguard peace in the region, will never be abused or used as a means for preemptive strike; but, if, and if, any forces infringe upon the security of our state and attempt to have recourse to military force against us, I will enlist all our most powerful offensive strength in advance to punish them. The state-of-the-art strategic weapons displayed on the venue of the military parade clearly showed the weight of his declaration.
“I thought over what I would say first at this moment, when we will be looking back upon every page of our Party’s 75-year history filled with glory, but my heartfelt, sincere word for our people is only one, thanks.” This is a part of what Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un, Chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea, said in his speech delivered at the military parade held in celebration of the 75 founding anniversary of the Workers’ Party of Korea. His speech moved the Korean people and the whole world. In retrospect, this year the DPRK was faced with huge challenges and difficulties, like dealing with the anti-epidemic emergency and recovering from the catastrophic natural disasters, when everything was in short supply owing to the harsh sanctions by the hostile forces. All of these hardships were undoubtedly a heavy burden and pain for every family and every citizen in the country.
The Korean people, however, did not feel pessimism or vacillation. Rather they placed national affairs before their family ones, shared every difficulty experienced by the state with it, and firmly supported the guidance of their leader and the WPK with their sweats and sincere efforts. As a result, the country witnessed unbelievable reality in which none of its population fell victim to the malignant virus, and houses better than the damaged ones were built in the areas stricken by natural disasters. Kim Jong Un’s expression of this true feelings in the speech represented his heartfelt thanks to the people who have sincerely trusted in and followed their leader and firmly defended the WPK’s cause even in such hardships.
His speech also carries his steadfast will to put the dreams and ideals of the people into reality without fail. The people’s dreams and ideals are just the same as his own. In the speech he expressed his intention to invariably administer and continuously expand the advantageous policies and measures, which are aimed at improving the people’s wellbeing and providing more benefits to them, and said that sharing destiny with the people in the face of severe trials and experiencing the united strength of our people till now, he had come to know well what the WPK should do in the future. He continued that the Eighth Congress of the WPK to be held in January 2021 will advance the plans and detailed targets for doing it, stressing that the ideal of the people is great, and the day when it is realized will surely come.
In a typhoon-stricken area in South Hamgyong Province on the east coast of Korea, Chairman Kim Jong Un of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, sent an open letter to all the Workers’ Party of Korea members in the capital city of Pyongyang on September 5, appealing them to turn out in the reconstruction projects in the severely damaged North and South Hamgyong provinces. It was the first-ever special measure. This year a series of similar measures were taken in the country. Anticipating the potential danger of COVID-19 that may lead to a world-wide disaster, in late January Kim Jong Un had a measure taken for blockading the country’s borders first in the world.
It was his unshakable determination to safeguard the people’s lives and security
without fail even though the county’s economic sector may experience difficulties.
He convened one important meeting after another, including a meeting of the Political Bureau of the WPK and a plenary meeting of the WPK Central Committee, stressing the need to maintain without interruption the strict measures taken to block the inroads of COVID-19.
On receiving the report that the inland area of Taechong-ri, Unpha County, North
Hwanghae Province was damaged by floods, he drove his car to the area. He instructed that food grains should be supplied to the flood victims from the reserve of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission, and the departments of the WPK Central Committee and the families of officials at its headquarters should shoulder the entire responsibility for providing them with necessities including beddings, daily goods and medicines.
When officials proposed rebuilding only 400 houses and repairing the remaining 400 houses in the damaged area, he took an unexpected measure for rebuilding all the 800 houses. Supported by his politics of loving the people, the flood victims came to live at the building of the county committee of the WPK, whereas the county Party officials worked in tents. Such a reality has never been heard nor witnessed before in the country.
On the spot he convened an enlarged meeting of the Executive Policy Council of the WPK Central Committee to adopt measures for rehabilitating the typhoon-stricken areas in North and South Hamgyong provinces on the east coast. He is not concerned about any convention or form if he can remove the misfortune of the people as early as possible.
It is too clear that his special measures would bring about special results. They will not be merely material results such as new dwelling houses and public buildings and renovated living environments to mark the 75th founding anniversary of the WPK on October 10, but a further cemented single-minded unity of the Korean society that no force can equal and nothing can break.
The Workers’ Party of Korea carries out without fail whatever it is determined to do. What is the secret then?
First, it solves all the problems relying on the people. It is its will that nothing is impossible as long as it believes the people and relies on them. By relying on the people, it unhesitatingly makes any strategic decision that would entail a huge cost and launches ambitious operations for rapid development in socialist construction. Regarding this trust in them as priceless, the Korean people display inexhaustible strength in the struggle for safeguarding and building socialism. It is inconceivable apart from such reality that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea creates one world-startling success after another in strengthening its military power and economic construction under unprecedentedly severe circumstances.
Second, the Party implements everything by dint of unflinching offensives. It possesses a firm principle of independence of doing everything according to its own faith and determination no matter what others may say, an indomitable will with which to brave challenges and difficulties, the revolutionary spirit of continuing advance without resting on its laurels even a moment, and the ability to achieve things that have taken other countries several decades through a single leap. Thanks to such unflinching offensives, the DPRK has become a strategic state with complete national defence capability and achieved many significant successes in economic construction, in the face of all challenges and difficulties.
Third, the Party guides the people by dint of scientific leadership. All lines and policies it has recently put forward, including the strategic line of concentrating all efforts on socialist economic construction and the idea of making a leap forward by dint of science and guaranteeing future by dint of education, and the planning for and guidance to their implementation, are based on scientific judgment on specific conditions and objective reality of the country. The country witnesses unprecedented innovations in all fields of politics, military affairs, the economy and culture, and the machinations of the hostile forces to isolate and suffocate it cut no ice with it. This reality clearly proves the scientific accuracy of the leadership of the WPK.
Fourth, the Party’s leadership is future-oriented. It is one of the Party’s major principles in the socialist construction that it should complete things as many as possible and in a perfect way for the coming generations even though circumstances are currently difficult. Many creations in the country are imbued with the ideal and ambition of the Party to do everything possible for the people’s wellbeing and the future. The bright future of the country is firmly guaranteed by the leadership of the Party which encourages the people to plan and execute everything in a development- and creation-oriented and future-oriented way, not in a patching-up manner and prototype-copying way.
The Workers’ Party of Korea has served the people since its founding on October 10, 1945, regarding it as its duty to hold responsibility for their destiny and take good care of them. In February 1946, shortly after its founding, the Party established the Provisional People’s Committee of North Korea, a government of the people whose mission was to defend and realize their interests, and made it implement democratic reforms without delay. Thus the government adopted and executed the Agrarian Reform Law (March 1946), the Law on Sex Equality (July 1946), the Law on the Nationalization of Major Industries (August 1946) and other people-oriented policies. Thanks to the democratic reforms, the peasants could create a new life with their own effort on the land given them free of charge and workers could conduct creative activities as masters of the factories and production means, enjoying the benefit from the eight-hour workday. Women could be freed from feudal fetters and take part in social activities with equal rights to men. Under the wise leadership of the WPK the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was founded in September 1948 and has been built up into a country in which the people are the masters of everything and everything serves them. The people-oriented policies which have been enforced in the DPRK clearly show how much importance the WPK attaches to interests of the people. The country started to enforce the universal free medical care system in January 1953 in the grim period of the Korean war (1950-1953). It was a courageous decision of the WPK to adopt this system which cost huge human and material resources when the country’s destiny was in the balance. It also holds true for the case of universal compulsory free education system. The country introduced universal compulsory primary education in August 1956 when the postwar reconstruction for healing severe war wounds was at its height and universal compulsory secondary education in November 1958 in the period when it strived to lay the foundations of socialism. As the socialist construction progressed, it started universal 11-year compulsory education in September 1972, and is now enforcing universal 12-year compulsory education. The politics of the WPK which serves people has been raised to a new height by its Chairman Kim Jong Un. He set the people-first principle as its fundamental political ideology and put forward the slogans “Everything for the people and everything by relying on them!” and “Let the whole Party make selfless, devoted efforts for the good of the great people!” He is leading officials to think about the people’s interest and convenience first whatever they do and to defend their dignity and sovereignty in any circumstances. Last August, he repeatedly visited flood-stricken Taechong-ri, Unpha County, North Hwanghae Province and took measures to supply the flood victims with food grains and daily necessities in the shortest period of time and to turn the damaged area into a socialist paradise. Witnessing this reality, the world realized once again the true image of the WPK which serves people.
October 10, 2020 is the 75th anniversary of the founding of the Workers’ Party of Korea. Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) founded the Workers’ Party of Korea. Kim Il Sung, who embarked on the road of revolutionary struggle in his teens to liberate his country and people from the Japanese imperialists, formed the Down-with-Imperialism Union on October 17, 1926. The organization of the union was the starting point of founding a Juche-type revolutionary party, which differed from previous parties in Korea. While advancing the Juche-oriented line of the Korean revolution at the Kalun Meeting in June, 1930, Kim Il Sung illuminated the original way of founding a revolutionary party. The most important thing here was to found a party independently and by way of forming its grass-roots organizations first and enlarging and strengthening them, and prepare for its founding in close combination with the anti-Japanese struggle. He then formed the Society for Rallying Comrades, the first party organization, with the young communists of new generation at Kalun in early July 1930. This is how the prototype of the party organizations guided by the Juche Idea was born. The anti-Japanese armed struggle waged under the guidance of Kim Il Sung was one to found a revolutionary party of the working class as well as a liberation war to save the country and nation. During the anti-Japanese armed struggle the party committee of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army was organized, making it possible to establish the system of guiding the party organizations at all levels and realize party guidance over the Korean revolution as a whole. A sound organizational backbone was built up and the unity and cohesion of party ranks were consolidated as a rock. On the basis of the successes and experiences in party building achieved during the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle Kim Il Sung buckled down to the work of founding the party shortly after Korea’s liberation (August 15, 1945). At last on October 10, 1945 the Workers’ Party of Korea was founded with the fighters, who had been tempered and trained during the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle, as its core and the communists who had been active in various regions. The founding of the WPK enabled the Korean people to victoriously carve out their destiny and usher in a new era of epochal changes by relying on their own vanguard force. Kim Il Sung’s cause of party founding will shine for ever with the might of the WPK which is advancing victoriously along the road of accomplishing socialist cause by overcoming all the difficulties of history.
The world admires the people of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for their boundless reverence to and respect for their Supreme Leader. Why, then, do they respect their leader so ardently? Carrying forward the cause of President Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) and Chairman Kim Jong Il (1942-2011), Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un materializes his people’s dream and ideal. Thanks to his efforts, Korean people’s centuries-old desire to lead a dignified life as masters of a powerful country has been translated into reality. Koreans are a nation with distinguished history. Back in ancient times Ancient Korea or Kojoson, which existed from the early 30th century BC to 108 BC and Koguryo, which lasted from 277 BC to AD 668, were recognized as powerful countries in the East. Generation after generation they wished to live proudly as a powerful nation which no invaders dare to challenge. Their desire grew more intense while they lived as slaves under the Japanese military occupation in the first half of the last century, survived the Korean war unleashed by US-led imperialist allied forces in the 1950s, and weathered the protracted post-war confrontation with hostile forces which attempted to stifle the country. Kim Jong Un strives to make this desire come true. By rapidly developing the country’s defence science, he has raised it to the status of a world-recognized strategic state against which no other countries dare to start a war. He is energetically leading the effort to build an economic power, so as to realize the people’s dream to live in a prosperous country. Under his guidance, many modern factories and enterprises relying on the country’s own strength, technology, raw materials and fuel have been built. Though they still have something that is in short supply or not available, they are proud of their creations and are convinced of the brighter future of the powerful socialist country. Another reason for the Korean people’s boundless respect for and trust in him is his people-oriented politics. He defined the essence of Kimilsungism-Kimjongilism, the guiding ideology of the country, as the people-first principle and put forward the slogan “Everything for the people and everything by relying on them!” He encourages officials to carry on all works, ranging from the formulation of policies of the Workers’ Party of Korea and the DPRK government to their implementation, thoroughly based on the people’s interests and requirements. He demands that all officials make selfless, devoted efforts for the sake of the people and sets personal examples. In a word, Kim Jong Un is “the leader beloved of the people” and “the people’s benevolent father.” It is quite natural that a people put absolute trust in such a leader.
Chairman Kim Jong Un of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea plans everything in a big and bold way and executes it on the highest possible level. The typical examples are modern-style Mirae Scientists Street and Ryomyong Street in Pyongyang, the city of Samjiyon which was built in northern part of Korea as a model of mountainous town and Yangdok Hot Spring Resort in its central part. He is a man of a large calibre on one hand and is very meticulous on the other. One day in October last year, a foreign tourist saw inhabitants in Yangdok Hot Spring Resort area moving into new houses, saying: “The houses had pretty papered living rooms, clean washing rooms, handy stores and animal sheds and even kitchen utensils. “There was a pile of firewood in front of the kitchen furnace and coal for wintering in the kitchen store. The state not only built houses for the residents but also meticulously prepared everything possible for their convenient living.” It is also noteworthy that they moved into new houses before the opening of the resort. Kim Jong Un ensured that the inhabitants moved into new houses before the opening ceremony of the resort lest they should feel discomfort in cold weather. It can be said that his meticulousness originates from his fatherly affection for the people. To him, called the father of the people, no detail, however trivial it may appear, is unimportant if it is related to the people’s living. One day he went up to the top floor of a 45-storyed apartment house in the newly-built Changjon Street in the capital city of Pyongyang. After looking round the living rooms and kitchen of a flat with an eye of the user, he enjoyed a bird’s eye view of Pyongyang on a balcony. Then he suddenly said wind was heard whistling in.
Thinking it was quite natural that some wind should come in through windows as it was a high-rise, nobody had paid any heed to it. But he pointed out that wind might cause discomfort to the residents and stressed the need for better wind-proofing measures. When he visited a worker’s family in the street, he asked the owner about the state of water supply, if the owner liked his new house and how many children he had and advised his son how to improve his painting skill. Saying that if one analyzes Kim Jong Un’s activities up to now, one can know that he is attentive to every details, grasps various sectors simultaneously and correctly determines the order of priority and weight in work, analysts commented that all the successes in the DPRK are inconceivable apart from his broad-ranging thinking and scrupulous leadership.
Great President Comrade
KIM IL SUNG
Great Leader Comrade
KIM JONG IL
Respected Supreme Leader Marshal
KIM JONG UN
Congratulations to Respected Supreme Leader Marshal Kim Jong Un on the occasion of his election to the Supreme Commander of the DPRK armed forces
HOMAGE TO GREAT LEADER COMRADE KIMJONG IL
STRENGTHENING NATIONAL DEFENCE
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